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Late Summer Flowers of Eloise Butler Wildflower Garden

Presented by The Friends of the Wild Flower Garden


Culver root group

Thumbnails of some of the late summer flowering plants you may encounter on a visit - Mid-July to September 1st. This page includes both the Upland and Woodland Gardens. Alternate common names for plant are shown in ( ), woody plants designated by "*". Timing of bloom will vary with each year's weather pattern.
Plant names with web links lead to a separate page of plant information and photos on that plant.
Images are arranged by six color categories and then by scientific name within color. Plants listed on our Common and Scientific name list that are not currently found in the Garden are not listed below.
Download printable PDF File in Scientific Name Order within Color. Prints at 11 high by 8.5 inches wide, 20 images per page, 31 pages total: Low resolution - 5.6 mb - - - Hi resolution 42.2 mb. Best for printing.


Flowers white and whitish

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Yarrow
Achillea millefolium
Yarrow leaf
Yarrow
Leaf fern-like, astringent aroma.
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Black Bugbane
Actaea racemosa
Bugbane leaf
Black Bugbane
leaf 2-3 compound parts near base of stem, leaflets toothed.
Bugbane plant
Black Bugbane
Flower stalk 6 to 8' high, held above leaves. Sepals drop early, petals small.
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White Snakeroot
Ageratina altissima
White Snakeroot plant section
White Snakeroot
Leaves egg shape, stalked, coarsely toothed.
Northern Water Plantain
Northern Water Plantain
Alisma triviale
Northern Water Plantain leaf
Northern Water Plantain
Leaves all basal, flowers in whorls of 3
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Nodding Wild Onion
Allium cernuum
(buds and open flowers nodding)
Wild Onion leaves
Both Wild Onions
Leaves all basal, forming vase shape. Flower stem rises from bulb. Pink flowers also.
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Wild Onion
Allium stellatum
(Buds nod; Open flowers are erect)
Hog Peanut
Hog Peanut
Amphicarpaea bracteata
Some flowers have lavender tint.
Hog peanut leaf
Hog Peanut
Leaf 3-parted on long stalk. Flower cluster rises from leaf axil.
Hog peanut pods
Hog Peanut
Pods flat, pointed on end, usually 3 seed. Bean-like edible seed in shallow ground
American Spikenard
American Spikenard
Aralia racemosa
American Spikenard fruit
American Spikenard
Drupes dark purple or reddish-brown in Autumn. Not edible.
American Spikenard plant
American Spikenard
Flowers whitish-green. Leaves are twice compound, 2+ feet long and wide.
American Spikenard
Leaflets oval, heart-shape base, abrupt tip. Plat 2-7' high
Prairie sage flower cluster
White Sage
(Prairie Sage)

Artemisia ludoviciana
Prairie Sage
White Sage (Prairie Sage)
Erect, all parts with dense matted white to grayish hair. Leaf - narrow, no teeth.
Whorled Milkweed
Whorled Milkweed
Asclepias verticillata
Whorled Milkweed pod
Whorled Milkweed
Slender pods are held erect on an erect stalk. Brown at maturity.
Hoary Alyssum
Hoary Alyssum
Berteroa incana
Hoary Alyssum
Hoary Alyssum
Raceme elongates with new flowers as plump hairy seed pods form. 10-28" high
Hoary Alyssum Leaf
Hoary Alyssum
Stem leaves linear with grayish down, no stalk. Flowers in rounded cluster.
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Hedge Bindweed
Calystegia sepium
Hedge bindweed
Hedge Bindweed
Twining vine. Leaf arrowhead shape. 2 cup bracts at base of flower.
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New Jersey Tea*
Ceanothus americanus
New Jersey Tea leaf
New Jersey Tea*
Leaf elliptical, veins prominent. Flowers tiny.
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Buttonbush*
Cephalanthus occidentalis
Buttonbush leaf
Buttonbush*
Leaf stalked, glossy-green top. Flower head long-stalked.
Mouse-ear Chickweed
Mouse-ear Chickweed
Cerastium fontanum ssp. vulgare
Mouse-ear chickweed leaf
Mouse-ear Chickweed
Short plant. Leaves opposite, stalkled, fine hair. Flowers - 5 cleft petals
Turtlehead
Turtlehead
(White Turtlehead)

Chelone glabra
White Turtlehead
Turtlehead
Stems multiple, branched at top. Leaf 6x long as wide, toothed.
White Chicory
Chicory - white flower type
Cichorium intybus
Basal leaf
Chicory - white flower type
Basal leaf long with sharp dentations, stalked.
Chicory Stem leaf
Chicory
Stem leaf short, stalkless with clasping auricle; may have fine teeth.
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Enchanter's Nightshade
(Broadleaf Enchanter's Nightshade)

Circaea lutetiana ssp. canadensis
enchanter's Nightshade leaf
Enchanter's Nightshade
Leaves opposite, long stalks, shallow teeth.
Enchanter's Nightshade plant
Enchanter's Nightshade
Flowers small, 2-parted, long stalks on 12-24" unbranched spike
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Virgin's Bower
(Sprawling vine)
Clematis virginiana
Virgin's Bower leaf
Virgin's Bower
Leaves 3-parted, opposite, leaf stalks twining. Flowers perfect or dioecious
Red Osier dogwood
Redosier Dogwood*
(Stems red Fall to Spring.)
Cornus sericea
Red Osier Dogwood leaf
Redosier Dogwood*
Leaves opposite, entire, whitish beneath, fine hair on top.
Redosier dogwood fruit
Redosier Dogwood*
Drupes turn whitish-lead color with pale red stalks, not edible
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White Prairie Clover
Dalea candida
White Prairie Clover leaf
White Prairie Clover
Leaf pinnate, 5-9 short leaflets
Wild Yam Root
Wild Yamroot
Dioscorea villosa
Wild Yamroot
Wild Yamroot
Twining stems, tiny dioecious flowers. Upper stem leaves long-stalked
Wild Yanmroot pod
Wild Yamroot
Seeds in inflated papery capsule, 3-sectioned, 2 seeds per section.
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Aster, Flat-topped
Doellingeria umbellata var. pubens
Flat-topped Aster leaf
Aster, Flat-topped
leaf- linear, smooth, no teeth, stem red lower.
Aster, Flat-topped
Phyllaries 3-4 series, unequal, light green, linear, short stiff hair
Daisy Fleabane
Annual Fleabane
(Eastern Daisy Fleabane)

Erigeron annuus
Daisy Fleabane leaf
Annual Fleabane
(Eastern Daisy Fleabane)
Leaf toothed, not clasping, stem hair standing out
Annual Fleabane Phyllaries
Annual Fleabane
Phyllaries in 2 to 3 series, sparsely hairy, sometimes glandular.
Philadelphia Fleabane
Philadelphia Fleabane
(Common Fleabane)
Erigeron philadelphicus
Common Fleabane leaf
Philadelphia Fleabane
(Common Fleabane)
Upper leaves clasping stem, stem hairy.
Philadelphia Fleabane phyllaries
Philadelphia Fleabane
Phyllaries - 2 to 3 series, with or without fine hair, sometimes glandular
Lesser Daisy Fleabane
Lesser Daisy Fleabane
Erigeron strigosus
Lesser Daisy Fleabane leaf
Lesser Daisy Fleabane
(Prairie Fleabane)
leaf- few teeth, not clasping, stem hair close to stem.
Lesser Daisy Fleabane Phyllaries
Lesser Daisy Fleabane
(Prairie Fleabane)
Phyllaries in 2 to 4 series with or without fine hair.
Button Eryngio
Button Eryngio
Eryngium yuccifolium
(AKA - Rattlesnake Master)
Button Eryngio
Erect 1-5' stem, unbranched below inflorescence. Leaves alternate, stiff, spiny edges.
Boneset flower
Boneset
Eupatorium perfoliatum
Boneset plant
Boneset
Flowers grouped in branching clusters, each flower with 7-11 florets.
Boneset leaf
Boneset
Leaves opposite with hairy surfaces, surround hairy 1 - 5' stem
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Flowering Spurge
Euphorbia corollata
Flowering Spurg Leaf
Flowering Spurge
Main stem unbranched, many flowering branches above the upper stem whorl
White Wood Aster
Aster, White Wood
Eurybia divaricata
White Wood Aster leaf
Aster, White Wood
Large, toothed, long stalk, heart base. Flowers in branched cluster.
White Wood Aster Phyllaries
Aster, White Wood
Phyllaries 25-20 in 4 to 5 series, unequal, rounded to pointed, whitish, dk green tips.
Large Leaved Aster
Aster - Large-leaved
(Bigleaf Aster)

Eurybia macrophylla
Flowers white to blue.
Large-leaved aster leaf
Aster, Large-leaved
(Bigleaf Aster)
Basal leaves large, broadly oval, long stalked, heart shape bases
Big leaf aster phyllariies
Aster, Large-leaved
(Bigleaf Aster)
Phyllaries 5-6 series, 32 to 35, overlapping, oft purple tinged, short glandular hair.
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Queen of the Meadow
Filipendula ulmaria
Queen of the Meadow leaf
Queen of the Meadow
Leaf - 2-4 pair of lateral leaflets, terminal leaflet has 3-7 lobes.
Rough Bedstraw
Bedstraw - Rough
Galium asprellum
Rough Bedstraw
Bedstraw - Rough
stems -Many branches, stems prickly on the 4 angles, leaves whorl of 6 -rough. Flower cluster much branched.
Shining Bedstraw
Bedstraw - Shining
Galium concinnum. Photo Christopher Noll, Wisconsin Flora
Shining Bedstraw
Bedstraw - Shining
Leaves whorls of 6, rough edged, sharply pointed, many branches, sprawling. Photo ©Merel R. Black, Wisconsin Flora
Threelobed bedstraw
Bedstraw - Threelobed
Galium trifidum
3-lobe flowers in triplets. leaves ALL whorls of 4
Fragrant Bedstraw
Bedstraw - Fragrant
Galium triflorum
Fragrant Bedstraw Leaf
Bedstraw - Fragrant
Leaves whorls of 6, vanilla odor, 3-flower clusters. Stem nodes smooth.
Biennial Gaura
Biennial Gaura
Gaura biennis
Gaura leaf
Biennial Gaura
Tall, erect; leaf alternate, stalkless, flowers in clusters.
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Plain Gentian
(Yellowish Gentian)

Gentiana alba (Gentiana flavida)
Plain Gentian leaf
Plain Gentian
(Yellowish Gentian)
Leaves opposite, stalkless, yellow-green; several form a whorl below flowers
Virginia Stickseed
Virginia Stickseed
(Beggar's Lice)

Hackelia virginiana
Virginia Tickseed
Virginia Stickseed
Erect biennial. Stem stout not slender. Flowers tiny on paired spreading branches.
Virginia Stickseed leaf
Virginia Stickseed
Larger ovate lower leaves, uppers narrow, stalkless. Plant 1-4' high.
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Cow Parsnip
Heracleum maximum
Cow Parsnip
Small flowers in compound flat-topped umbel. Stem 3 to 8' high
Cow Parsnip Leaf
Cow Parsnip Leaf
3-parted toothed leaflets, up to 2 feet wide, forming a sheath at the base
Round-headed Bushclover
Round-headed Bushclover
(Round-headed Lespedeza)

Lespedeza capitata
Round-headed Bushclover leaf
Round-headed Bushclover
Leaf-3 parted, pointing upward, dense appressed hairs, bristle leaflet tips.
Round headed bushclover plant
Round-headed Bushclover
Erect to leaning, 2-4' high, unbranched. Flowers in dense rounded clusters.
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Oxeye Daisy
Leucanthemum vulgare
Oxeye daisy stem
Oxeye Daisy
Stems 8-24", erect, basal leaves more oval, stem leaves stalkless, coarse teeth.
Oxeye daisy phyllaries
Oxeye Daisy
Phyllaries in overlapping series, lanceolate with brown margins near tips.
American Water Horehound flw
American Water Horehound
Lycopus americanus
American waterhorehound plant
American Water Horehound. Leaves opposite, irregular teeth. To 40" high. Flowers 4-lobed.
Northern Bugleweed
Northern Bugleweed
Lycopus uniflorus
Northern Bugleweed Plant top
Northern Bugleweed
Tlowers tiny, 4-lobed but may look like 5 lobes, in tight clusters in leaf axils. To 40"
Northern Bugleweed leaf
Northern Bugleweed
Leaves elliptic, opposite, coarse teeth but less coarse than L. americanus.
White Sweet Clover
White Sweet Clover
Melilotus alba
White Sweet Clover plant
Plants can be 1 to 5 feet tall, much branched. Same plant as Yellow Sweet Clover
Sweet clover leaf
White Sweet Clover
Leaf 3-parted, serrated edges. Terminal leaflet on longer stalk.
Wild Mint flowers
Wild Mint
Mentha arvensis
Wild Mint
Wild Mint
To 2-1/2' high, little branching,no flowers on TOP of 4-angled stem.
Wild Mint leaf
Wild Mint
Leaves opposite, stalked, toothed. Flowers pink to white in verticillasters
Glade Mallow
Glade Mallow
Napaea dioica
Glade Mallow leaf
Glade Mallow
Lower leaves large, 4 12", deeply cut lobes, upper leaves stalkless.
Glade Mallow
Flowers in many stalked clusters atop a 6 foot+ ridged green stem
Grass of Parnassus
Grass of Parnassus
Parnassia glauca
grass of parnassus leaves
Grass of Parnassus
Leaves all basal. Petals with green veins, sepals small and hidden
Wild Quinine flowers
Wild Quinine
(American Feverfew)

Parthenium integrifolium
Wild Quinine plant
Wild Quinine
Tall plant, flowers in flat-topped clusters, 5 tiny ray florets around center disc.
Wild quinine leaf
Wild Quinine
Upper leaves lance shape, alternate, stalkless, lower stalked
Dotted Smartweed
Dotted Smartweed
Persicaria punctata
Dotted Smartweed flower
Dotted Smartweed
Flowers in interrupted fascicles. Leaves 8x long as wide.
American Lopseed flower
Lopseed
Phryma leptostachya
Lopseed leaf
Lopseed
Leaves opposite, spaced, long stalks. Flowers in terminal spikes.
Arrowleaf Tearthumb
Arrow-leaved Tearthumb
Persicaria sagittata
Arrowleaf Tearthumb
Arrow-leaved Tearthumb
Leaves arrow-shape, midrib, underside and stem with retrorse prickles.
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Garden Phlox
Phlox paniculata
Garden Phlox
Garden Phlox
Leaves opposite, usually stalkless, prominent lateral veins joining at tip.
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Virginia Mountain Mint
Pycnanthemum virginianum
Virginia Mountain Mint plant
Flowers in umbels of 4 or more flowers. Corollas have purple spots inside.
Virginia Mountain mint leaf
Virginia Mountain Mint
Plant is 1 - 3 feet tall, small opposite lance shape leaves, sweetly aromatic.
Broadleaf Arrowhead
Broadleaf Arrowhead
Sagittaria latifolia
Broadleaf Arrowhead
Broadleaf Arrowhead
Leaves basal, large. Leafless flower stem, flowes in whorls of 3
Canada Elderberry
Canada Elderberry*
(American Black Elderberry)

Sambucus nigra ssp. canadensis
Canada Elderberry leaf
Canada Elderberry*
Leaf - 5 to 9 leaflets, serrate edge, flower cluster flat-topped. Multiple stems to 10'
Canada Elderberry fruit
Canada Elderberry*
Drupes 1/4", reddish then purplish-black. Edible with boiling.
Soapwort
Bouncing Bet -white flower
(Soapwort)

Saponaria officinalis
Soapwort leaf
Bouncing Bet
Leaf - opposite, elongated ovals, smooth, wavy, 3-5 prominent veins.
Starry Campion
Starry Campion
Silene stellata
(AKA - Widowsfrill)
Starry Campion leaf
Starry Campion
Flowers with fringed petal lobes; panicle to 20", middle stem leaves whorls of 4
Starry Campion Bract
Starry Campion
Bract under the panicle. One pair of opposite leaves below this, then whorls of 4.
Black Nightshade
Black Nightshade
Solanum nigrum
black nightshade leaf
Black Nightshade
Leaves ovate to diamond shape, dull, a few teeth that resemble lobes
Black Nightshade fruit
Black Nightshade
Berry 1/4". black at maturity, sepals prominent. Plant - 6-24" high.
Meadowsweet
Meadowsweet*
(Long-leaved Meadowsweet)

Spiraea alba
Meadowsweet plant
Meadowsweet*
(Long-leaved Meadowsweet)
Top section of shrub, leaves lanceolate, toothed.
Long-leaved Chickweed
Long-leaved Chickweed
(Water chickweed)

Stellaria longifolia
long leaf chickweed leaves
Long-leaved Chickweed
(Water chickweed)
Plant section and leaves.
coralberry flower
Coralberry
Symphoricarpos orbiculatus
Flowers white to pinkish
Coralberry leaf
Coralberry
Leaf- elliptical, wavy edges, short reddish stalks, reddish stem.
Coralberry fruit
Coralberry
Drupes ovoid to 1/4", very tightly clustered, beak at tip, not palatable.
Heart-leaved aster
Aster - Heart-leaved
(Flowers are white or lt. blue)

Symphyotrichum cordifolium
Flowers white to blue
Blue Wood aster leaf
Aster - Heart-leaved
(Common Blue Wood Aster)
Lower leaves- heart shape base, large teeth, upper leaves more oval.
Blue Wood Aster phyllaries
Aster - Heart-leaved
Phyllaries - 4 to 6 series, unequal, linear to oblong, whitish with green diamond stripe
White Heath Aster
Aster, White Heath
(Many-flowered Aster)

Symphyotrichum ericoides
White Heath Aster leaf
Aster, White Heath
Leaves small, narrow .5 to 1.5” long, rough edge
Aster - White Heath
Aster, White Heath
Phyllaries - 3-4 series, overlapping, unequal size, spade-like tips, hairy.
White Panicle Aster
Aster, White Panicle
Symphyotrichum lanceolatum
White Panicle aster leaf
Aster, White Panicle
Leaf - linear, smooth, stalkless. Dead leaves curled up
White Panicle Aster Phyllaries
Aster, White Panicle
Phyllaries - 2-4 series, linear, outer 1/3 to 1/2 length of inner, dk green center stripes
Side-flowering Aster
Aster, Side-flowering
(Calico Aster)

Symphyotrichum lateriflorum
Side-flowering Aster leaf
Aster, Side-flowering
Leaves oval to rounded, upper mostly stalkless, lower stalked, few sharp teeth
Side-flowering aster phyllaries
Aster, Side-flowering
Phyllaries - 3 - 4 series, unequal in size, diamond shape tips, sometimes purplish
Ontario Aster
Aster, Ontario
Symphyotrichum ontarionis
leaf
Aster, Ontario
Leaf - alternate, thin, smooth to touch, upper stalkless
phyllaries
Aster, Ontario
Phyllaries 4-6 series, unequal, narrow, green mid-rib with diamond tip
Redstem aster white flower
Aster, Purplestem -White type
Symphyotrichum puniceum
Redstem aster leaf
Aster, Purplestem -White type
Stems ribbed, reddish above nodes, very little hair, leaves shiny when young
redstem aster white type phyllaries
Aster, Purplestem, -White type
Phyllaries 4-5 series, linear, hard to distinguish from Glossy Leaf Aster
White Arrowleaf Aster
Aster, White Arrowleaf
Symphyotrichum urophyllum
White Arrowleaf Aster leaf
Aster, White Arrowleaf
Middle leaves arrow shape base, Lower - heart shaped base, often winged stalk
White Arrowleaf aster phyllaries
Aster, White Arrowleaf
Phyllaries - 4 - 6 series, inner tight, outer spreading, tip a grn elongated diamond.
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Canada Germander
Teucrium canadense
Canada Germander leaf
Canada Germander
Leaves opposite, toothed, deep vein pattern. Flower upper lips held erect.
American Germander Plant
Canada Germander
Stem hollow, 4-angled, unbranched to 3' high, densely hairy.
Foam flower
Foamflower
(Heartleaf Foamflower)

Tiarella cordifolia
Foamflower Plant
Foamflower
Leaves all basal, heart-shape base, 5 to 7 lobes, stalks have glandular hair.
White Clover
White Clover
Trifolium repens L.
White Clover leaf
White Clover
Leaves 3-parted on long stalks. Light colored chevron may not be always visible.
White vervain flower
White Vervain
Verbena urticifolia
White vervain
White Vervain
Flowers tiny on wildly spreading branches. Stems to 6', 4-angled with hair.
White Vervain leaf
White Vervain
Leaf opposite, lance-like, toothed, fine vein pattern
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Culver's Root
Veronicastrum virginicum
Culver's root flw sq
Culver's Root
Small tubular flowers in dense spike, usually branched, atop tall stem.
Culver's root leaf
Culver's Root
Leaves in a whorl of 3 to 7, widely spaced, usually hairless.

Yellow Flowers

Yellow Giant Hyssop
Yellow Giant Hyssop
Agastache nepetoides
(AKA - Cattail Giant Hyssop)
Yellow Giant Hyssop leaf
Yellow Giant Hyssop
Leaves opposite, stalked, thin, coarse teeth, lanceolate.
Yellow Giant Hyssop plant
Yellow Giant Hyssop
Plant to 5' high, stout grooved stem, not hairy. Flowers green to yellow.
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Soft Agrimony
(Downy Agrimony)

Agrimonia pubescens
Soft Agrimony lower leaf
Soft Agrimony
Lower leaf - 5-13 leaflets, largest at tip, minor leaflets in between. Hairy.
Agrimony stipule
Soft Agrimony
Leaf stipule has pointed teeth all around the stem. Hypanthium turbinate
Swamp Beggartick
Swamp Beggartick
(Purple-stem Beggartick)

Bidens connata
Swamp Beggartick leaf
Swamp Beggartick
Leaf simple, toothed, lance-shape, some with winged stalks; lower leaves may be 3-cleft.
Swamp Beggartick phyllaries
Swamp Beggartick
6-9 yellow-grn phyllaries w/pointed tips. 2-6+ green calycule below. No ray florets.
Devils Beggartick
Devil's Beggartick
Bidens frondosa
Devil's Beggartick leaf
Devil's Beggartick
Leaf divided in 3 to 5 lance-shape leaflets, coarsely toothed; upper may be undivided.
Devils Beggartick Phyllaries
Devil's Beggartick
6-12 pale green phyllaries w/5-10 hairy spreading calyculi below. Ray florets obscure.
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Partridge Pea
Chamaecrista fasciculata
Partridge Pea leaf
Partridge Pea
Plant annual. Leaf with 8-15 pair leaflets tipped
Canadian Horseweed
Canadian Horseweed
Conyza canadensis
Canadian Horseweed top of plant
Canadian Horseweed
Lower leaves toothed, 8x long as wide, all with white marginal hair.
Canadian Horseweed top of plant
Canadian Horseweed
Top section of plant, much branching, leaves linear & dense.
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Stiff Tickseed
(Stiff Coreopsis)

Coreopsis palmata
Stiff Coreopsis leaf
Stiff Tickseed
Stem stiff; leaf- opposite, stalkless, 3 elongated lobes that divide above the base.
Stiff Coreopsis phyllaries
Stiff Tickseed
8 broad pale yellow phyllaries appressed w/9-12+ narrow green calyculi below.
Narrowleaf Hawksbeard
Narrowleaf Hawksbeard
Crepis tectorum
Narrowleaf Hawksbeard
Narrowleaf Hawksbeard
Phyllaries - 12-15, whitish pointed tips, bases keeled, hairy. 6-12 calyculi below.
Narrowleaf hawksbeard plant
Narrowleaf Hawksbeard
Plant to 40" high, stem angled, hairy, with milky juice.
Narrowleaf hawksbeard leaf
Narrowleaf Hawksbeard
Basal leaves (shown) narrow with auricles and teeth. Stem leaves stalkless.
Northern Bush Honeysuckle
Northern Bush Honeysuckle*
Diervilla lonicera
Northern Bush Honeysuckle leaf
Northern Bush Honeysuckle*
Leaves opposite, flowers in small panicle at stem tip. Some flowers pink
Burnweed
Burnweed
Erechtites hieraciifolius
Burnweed plant
Burnweed
top section of plant.
Burnweed leaf
Burnweed
Leaves lobed or coarsely toothed, auricle at base. Very leafy stem.
Grass leaved goldenrod
Grass-leaf Goldenrod
Euthamia graminifolia
Grass leaf goldenrod plant
Grass-leaf Goldenrod
Leaves linear, ascending 7-20x long as wide. Flowers in clusters. Stem 1-4' high.
Grass leaf goldenrod phyllaries
Grass-leaf Goldenrod
Phyllaries appressed in several series, yellowish base, green tips.
Sneezeweed
Sneezeweed
Helenium autumnale
Sneezeweed leaf
Sneezeweed
Leaves irregular small teeth, gland dotted. Flowers in clusters.
Sneezeweed Stem
Sneezeweed
Stems 2-6 feet, angular, wings on angles from leaf above.
Giant Sunflower
Giant Sunflower
Helianthus giganteus
Giant sunflower leaf
Giant Sunflower
Leaf 3x long as wide, smooth margin or a few teeth. Opposite.
Giant Sunflower Phyllaries
Giant Sunflower
Phyllaries 20-35, spreading, hairy, long pointed tip.
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Stiff-haired Sunflower
(Hairy Sunflower)

Helianthus hirsutus
Stiff-haired sunflower leaf
Stiff-haired Sunflower
Leaves opposite, rounded bases on very short stalks. Flowers few & on thick stalks
phyllaries
Stiff-haired Sunflower
Phyllaries 18-25, loose and spreading, hair on margins or entire surface
Stiff Sunflower
Stiff Sunflower
Helianthus paucilflorus
Stiff Sunflower Leaf
Stiff Sunflower
Leaves opposite, lanceolate, ascending, widely spaced on stem. Disc florets reddish
phyllaries
Stiff Sunflower
Phyllaries 25-35, pointed, not spreading, margins with fine hair
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Paleleaf Woodland Sunflower
Helianthus strumosus
Paleleaf Woodland Sunflower leaf
Paleleaf Woodland Sunflower
Leaf- rough, thick, 3 main veins, winged stalk, white hair under.
phyllaries
Paleleaf Woodland Sunflower
Phyllaries - 18-25, pointed, slightly spreading, hair on margins
Jerusalem artichoke
Jerusalem Artichoke
Helianthus tuberosus
Jerusalem artichoke leaf
Jerusalem Artichoke
Stout plant. Leaves - upper 2/3 rds alternate, rough on top with long winged stalks
phyllaries
Jerusalem Artichoke
Phyllaries dark green to blackish, spreading tips, hairy
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Smooth Oxeye
Heliopsis helianthoides var. scraba
Smooth Oxeye leaf
Smooth Oxeye
Stalked flowers from axils of stalked toothed leaves with rough surface hair.
Smooth Oxeye Phyllaries
Phyllaries - 2 series, outer longer, inner broader, usually with fine hair.
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Rough Hawkweed
(Canada Hawkweed)

Hieracium umbellatum
Rough Hawkweed stem
Rough Hawkweed
Flowers- long stalked heads in loose branched clusters. Leaves sparse with a few sharp teeth.
Rough hawkweed phyllarites
Rough Hawkweed
Phyllaries 12-21+, linear, pointed tips. Thin calyculi below. Stems to 5' tall
Common St. Johnswort
Common St. Johnswort
Hypericum perforatum
Common St. Johnswort plant
Common St. Johnswort
Shrubby branching stems, narrow leaves with dots, flower with 3 styles.
Great St. Johnswort
Great St. Johnswort
Hypericum pyramidatum
Great St. Johnswort
Great St. Johnswort
Erect, 2-5’ tall, flowers 1.5” to 2.3” wide, long stalked and usually solitary.
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Pale Touch-me-not
(Pale Jewelweed)

Impatiens pallida
Jewelweed leaf
Touch-me-nots
Both 2-5' high, leaves thin, coarse teeth.
Spotted touch-me-not
Spotted Touch-me-not
(Spotted Jewelweed)

Impatiens capensis
Wild Lettuce
Wild Lettuce
Lactuca canadensis
Wild Lettuce leaf
Wild Lettuce - leaf
Lower leaves toothed, pinnately divided, but edges NOT spiny
Wild Lettuce - leaf
Upper leaves entire, clasping auricles but edges NOT spiny
Prickly Lettuce flower
Prickly Lettuce
Lactuca serriola
Prickly lettuce
Prickly Lettuce
Flowers in branched array, toothed tips on ray florets. Stems 1-5' tall
Prickly Lettuce leaf
Prickly Lettuce
Leaf- prickles on edge and under on midrib, clasping auricles
Butter and Eggs
Butter and Eggs
Linaria vulgaris
Butter and Eggs leaf
Butter and Eggs
Leaves alternate, linear, short. Flowers on compact spike
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Fringed Loosestrife
Lysimachia ciliata
Fringed Loosestrife leaf
Fringed Loosestrife
Leaves opposite - not in whorl, lanceolate, fine hair on stem leaf node.
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Whorled Loosestrife
Lysimachia quadrifolia
Whorled Loosestrife leaf
Whorled Loosestrife
Leaves in whorl of 4 or 5, fleshy red nectary in corolla.
Black Medick
Medicago lupulina.
Black Medick
Black Medick
Flowers in dense 1/3" cluster. Leaves 3-parted. Plant scraggly.
Yellow Sweet Clover
Yellow Sweet Clover
Melilotus officinalis
Yellow Sweet Clover leaf
Yellow Sweet Clover
Leaf- 3 parted, middle leaflet on longer stalk. Same leaf as White Sweet Clover
Yellow Sweet Clover plant
Yellow Sweet Clover
Plant 1 to 5' high, much branched. Same plant as White Sweet Clover
Evening Primrose
Common Evening Primrose
Oenothera biennis
Common Evening Primrose leaf
Common Evening Primrose
Leaves lance-like, slight teeth, edges turn more wavy & darker green with age
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Prairie Sundrops
(Meadow Evening Primrose)

Oenothera pilosella
Prairie Sundrops leaf
Prairie Sundrops
Leaves opposite, short stalks, hairy both sides and margins.
Slender Woodsorrel
Slender Woodsorrel
Oxalis dillenii.
Seed pod stalk horizontal, 1-2 flowers per cluster. (Photo Merle R. Black)
Common yellow oxalis
Common Yellow Oxalis
Oxalis stricta
Common oxalis pod
Common Yellow Oxalis
Seed pod stalk ascending, pod erect. 3-4 flowers per cluster.
Clammy Ground Cherry
Clammy Ground Cherry
Physalis heterophylla
clammy Ground Cherry leaf
Clammy Ground Cherry
Leaf ovate, wavy marginal teeth or entire, densely hairy.
Clammy Groundcherry pod
Clammy Ground Cherry
Seeds in inflated hairy husk, closed at tip, brown at maturity.
Silver Cinquefoil
Silver Cinquefoil
Potentilla argentea. Photo Kitty Kohout, Wisconsin Flora
Silver Cinquefoil Leaves
Silver Cinquefoil
Flower petals same size as sepals. Leaves under silvery from fine hairs. Photo Kitty Kohout, Wisconsin Flora
Rough fruited cinquefoil
Rough-fruited Cinquefoil
Potentilla recta
Rough-fruited Cinquefoil
Rough-fruited Cinquefoil
Base leaves of 5-7 leaflets, upper 3 leaflets. Sepals shorter than petals.
Rough fruited cinquefoil plant
Rough-fruited Cinquefoil
Plant 16-32" high, unbranched below inflorescence.
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Long-headed Coneflower
(Prairie Coneflower)

Ratibida columnifera
Prairie Coneflower leaf
Long-headed Coneflower
Leaf stalked, 3 to 14 lobes, gland-dotted.
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Gray-headed Coneflower
Ratibida pinnata
(1 or a few heads per stem)
Gray headed Coneflower leaf
Gray-headed Coneflower
larger lower leaves are pinnately divided into 3 to 7 narrow leaflets
Black-eyed Susan
Black-eyed Susan
Rudbeckia hirta
Black-eyed Susan leaf
Black-eyed Susan
Stem Leaf - linear to spatula shape, rough white bristly hair, stalkless at top of stem
Black-eyed Susan Phyllaries
Black-eyed Susan
Phyllaries - 2 series, linear, quite long, very hairy, outer ones reflex.
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Green-headed Coneflower
Rudbeckia laciniata
Green headed coneflower group
Green-headed Coneflower
Differs from Gray-headed with these branched clusters of many heads.
Green-headed Coneflower leaf
Green-headed Coneflower
lower leaves are pinnately divided into wide lobed leaflets. Stem 3-4' tall
Thin-leaved Coneflower
Thin-leaved Coneflower
(Brown-eyed Susan)

Rudbeckia triloba
Thin-leaved Coneflower leaf
Thin-leaved Coneflower
Leaves thin and rough, upper with few teeth, lower 3-lobed and toothed & long stalks.
Thin leaved coneflower phyllareies
Thin-leaved Coneflower
Phyllaries in 2 series, hairy, long-pointed, spreading. Stems to 5+' tall'
Wild Senna
American Senna
(Wild Senna)

Senna hebecarpa
Wild Senna Plant
American Senna
Large branched plant, leaves- long-stalked with 6 to 10 pairs of leaflets
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Wholeleaf Rosinweed)
(Rosin-weed)

Silphium integrifolium
Wholeleaf Rosinweed leaf
Wholeleaf Rosinweed)
Leaf-opposite, tiny teeth, no stalk
Phyllaries
Wholeleaf Rosinweed)
Phyllaries in 2-3 series, pointed spreading tips, smooth or hairy.
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Compass Plant
Silphium laciniatum
Compass Plant basal leaf
Compass Plant
Basal leaf - very large and deeply cleft, upper smaller, some not cleft.
Compass PLant phyllaries
Compass Plant
Phyllaries in 2-3 series, inner appressed, outer reflexed, hairy.
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Cup Plant
Silphium perfoliatum
Cup plant Leaf
Cup Plant
(Leaves surround stem forming cup)
Cup plant phyllareies
Cup Plant
Phyllaries in 2-3 series, outer triangular, pointed reflexed tips, hairy.
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Prairie Dock
(Prairie Rosinweed)

Silphium terebinthinaceum
Prairie Dock
Prairie Dock
Large arrow-shape basal leaves only. Very tall stems
Prairie dock phyllaries
Prairie Dock
Phyllaries in 2-3 series, broad, smooth, not spreading.
Canada Goldenrod
Late Goldenrod
(Tall Goldenrod)

Solidago altissima
leaves
Late Goldenrod
Stem hairy. Leaves with sharp teeth on lower, upper smaller, stalkless.
Late goldenrod phyllaries
Late Goldenrod
hyllaries, thin, yellowish green, 3 series, unequal, outer w/pointed tips.
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Zigzag Goldenrod
Solidago flexicaulis
leaves
Zigzag Goldenrod
Lower leaves egg shaped, winged stalk, toothed; upper more linear.
phyllaries
Zigzag Goldenrod
Phyllaries green, narrow, 3 series, inner much longer. Stem zig-zags.
Giant Goldenrod
Giant Goldenrod
Solidago gigantea
leaves
Giant Goldenrod
Stem smooth. Leaves stalkless, lower with sharp teeth, upper smaller.
phyllaries
Giant Goldenrod
Phyllaries thin, 3-4 series, yellowish-green, outer lanceolate w/pointed tips.
Gray Goldenrod
Gray Goldenrod
(Old Field Goldenrod)

Solidago nemoralis
stem
Gray Goldenrod
Panicle narrow, arching. Stem gray-green to reddish, grayish-white hair.
phyllaries
Gray Goldenrod
Phyllaries pale yellow, 3 series, unequal, ovate to lanceolate.
Riddell's Goldenrod
Riddell's Goldenrod
Solidago riddellii
leaves
Riddell's Goldenrod
Leaves narrow, V-shaped, lower 10x long as wide, dense near base.
Phyllaries
Riddell's Goldenrod
Phyllaries 3-4 series, unequal, broad, tips rounded, yellowish-green.
Stiff goldenrod
Stiff Goldenrod
Solidago rigida (Oligoneuron rigidum var. rigidum)
Stiff goldenrod leaf
Stiff Goldenrod
Leaves grayish green, stiff, hairy, lower long stalked, upper stalkless.
phyllaries
Stiff Goldenrod
Phyllaries in 3-4 series, oblong, unequal, appressed, green midrib..
Elm-leaved Goldenrod
Elm-leaved Goldenrod
Solidago ulmifolia
elm-leaved goldenrod leaf
Elm-leaved Goldenrod
leaf- elliptical, coarse teeth, upper stalkless, upper surface rough.
phyllaries
Elm-leaved Goldenrod
Phyllaries 3-4 series, unequal, appressed, short, translucent margins
Tansy
Tansy
Tanacetum vulgare
Tansy leaf
Tansy
Leaves fern-like, 4-10 pairs of lobed primary divisions. Aromatic.
Dandelion
Common Dandelion
Taraxacum officinale
Dandelion basal leaves
Common Dandelion
Leaves all basal, long, pinnately divided, terminal lobe larger, stalk with wings.
Mullein
Common Mullein
Verbascum thapsus
Mullein
Common Mullein
Leaves velvety arranged in spiral pattern, hooked hair on underside.
Mullein plant
Common Mullein
Stem 6-8' high, multiple spikes on some plants. Flowers open in spiral pattern.

Flowers Yellow-green, Gray-green and Green.

Purple Giant Hyssop
Purple Giant Hyssop
Agastache scrophulariifolia
Purple giant hyssop leaf
Purple Giant Hyssop
Leaf- stalked, rounded base, coarse teeth, opposite, underside with dense fine hair.
purple giant hyssop flower
Purple Giant Hyssop
Flower corolla whitish-purplish, calyx greenish. Verticillasters. Plant to 5'+
Common Ragweed
Common Ragweed
Ambrosia artemisiifolia
ragweed plant
Common Ragweed
Plant monoecious. Male flowers on spike, leaves opposite, pinnatifid.
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Candle Anemone (Long-fruited Thimbleweed)
Anemone cylindrica
Thimbleweed leaf
Thimbleweeds
Both Thimbleweeds have similar basal and stem leaves.
Tall Thimbleweed
Tall Thimbleweed
Anemone virginiana
Tall thimbleweed bracts
Tall Thimbleweed has secondary bracts midway up on flower stalk
Canadian Milk Vetch
Canadian Milk Vetch
Astragalus canadensis
milkvetch leaf
Canadian Milk Vetch
Leaf compound, 15-35 leaflets, smooth edges, pointed tips on leaflets.
dodder flowers
Common Dodder
(Parasitic - no leaves)
Cuscuta gronovii
Dodder
Common Dodder
Many similar species. White petals, yellow-green calyx
Wild Yam Root
Wild Yamroot
Dioscorea villosa
Wild Yamroot
Wild Yamroot
Twining stems, tiny dioecious flowers. Upper stem leaves long-stalked
Wild Yanmroot pod
Wild Yamroot
Seeds in inflated papery capsule, 3-sectioned, 2 seeds per section.
Button Eryngio
Button Eryngio
Eryngium yuccifolium
(AKA - Rattlesnake Master)
Button Eryngio
Erect 1-5' stem, unbranched below inflorescence. Leaves alternate, stiff, spiny edges.
Water Horsetail strobilus
Water Horsetail
Equisetum fluviatile
Waterhorsetail
Water Horsetail
Ancient plant - spore producing strobilus atop unbranched stem.
Wood Nettle
Wood Nettle
(Canadian Wood Nettle)

Laportea canadensis
Wood Nettle Leaf
Wood Nettle
Leaf- alternate, long-stalk, oval. coarse teeth, upper surface crinkled dk green
Lesser Duckweed
Lesser Duckweed
Lemna minor
AKA - Common Duckweed
lesser Duckweed root
Lesser Duckweed
Each frond has single root dangling under. Plants usually in clusters up to 5+
Clearweed
Canadian Clearweed
Pilea pumila
Clearweed leaf
Canadian Clearweed
Only non-stinging nettle. Leaf opposite, long-stalk, coarse teeth, 3 main veins fm base.
Commopn Plantain
Common Plantain
Plantago major L.
common plantain
Common Plantain
Flowers tiny on spike. Leaves in basal rosette.
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Curly Dock
Rumex crispus
Curly dock leaf
Curly Dock
Leaves lance-shape, curly but smooth edge, dull green.
Broadleaf Burweed
Broadleaf Burweed
Sparganium eurycarpum. Photo Josh Sulman, Wisconsin Flora
Tall Meadowrue
Tall Meadow Rue
(Purple Meadow Rue)

Thalictrum dasycarpum
Male flowers shown.
Tall Meadow Rue
Tall Meadow Rue
3-5' tall, plants dioecious, flowers in compound panicle of many branches.
Tall meadow rue leaf
Tall Meadow Rue
Stem leaves sparse, stalkless, hairy beneath, longer than wide.
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Stinging Nettle
(California Nettle)

Urtica dioica
Stinging nettle leaf
Stinging Nettle
Leaves opposite, stalked, lance-shape, toothed, underside with stinging hairs.

Flowers Blue, bluish-pink and bluish purple.

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Blue Giant Hyssop
(Anise Hyssop)

Agastache foeniculum
Anise Hyssop leaf
Blue Giant Hyssop
Leaf opposite, triangular, upper leaves more narrow. Anise scent when crushed.
Purple Giant Hyssop
Purple Giant Hyssop
Agastache scrophulariifolia
Purple giant hyssop leaf
Purple Giant Hyssop
Leaf- stalked, rounded base, coarse teeth, opposite, underside with dense fine hair.
purple giant hyssop flower
Purple Giant Hyssop
Flower corolla whitish-purplish, calyx greenish. Verticillasters. Plant to 5'+
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Leadplant
Amorpha canescens
leadplant leaf

Leaf pinnate, 13-25 pairs leaflets, gray hair underside.
Hog peanut flowr
Hog Peanut
Amphicarpaea bracteata
Some flowers have lavender tint
Hog peanut leaf
Hog Peanut
Leaf 3-parted on long stalk. Flower cluster rises from leaf axil.
Hog peanut pods
Hog Peanut
Pods flat, pointed on end, usually 3 seed. Bean-like edible seed in shallow ground
Downy Woodmint
Downy Wood Mint
Blephilia cilata
Downy Wood Mint leaf
Downy Wood Mint
Leaf- upper lance shape, lower ovate, coarse teeth, fine hair on edge and under, aromatic.
Hairy Wood Mint
Hairy Wood Mint
(Hoary Wood Mint)
Blephilia hirsuta
Hairy Wood Mint leaf
Hairy Wood Mint
Leaf - More egg shaped, a few coarse teeth, hairy surfaces and margin, long hair on stem
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European Bellflower
(Rampion Bellflower)

Campanula rapunculoides
European Bellflower leaf
European Bellflower
Lower leaves stalked, heart-shape base, upper stalkless.
Harebell
Harebell
Campanula rotundifolia
Harebell
Harebell
Flowers usually single, wiry stems, leaves grass-like.
Tall Bellflower
Tall Bellflower
(American Bellflower)

Campanulastrum americanum
Tall Bellflower spike
Tall Bellflower
Flowers in tall spike, pale nectar ring in center. Stem not branched.
tall bellflower leaf
Tall Bellflower
Upper leaves lance-shape, lower oval, toothed edges
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Chicory - blue flower type
Cichorium intybus
Basal leaf
Chicory - Blue flower type
Basal leaf long with sharp dentations, stalked.
Chicory Stem leaf
Chicory
Stem leaf short, stalkless with clasping auricle; may have fine teeth.
Fringed Willowherb
Fringed Willowherb
Epilobium ciliatum ssp. glandulosum
(American Willowherb - leaves oval to lance-like)
Willowherb
Willowherb
Epilobium coloratum
Willowherb leaf
Willowherb
Leaf oblong, toothed edges, sometimes purplish in Autumn
Willowherb seed pods
Willowherb
View after seed pods open in Autumn. Stems branched.
Large Leaved Aster
Aster - Large-leaved
(Bigleaf Aster)

Eurybia macrophylla
Large-leaved aster leaf
Aster, Large-leaved
(Bigleaf Aster)
Basal leaves large, broadly oval, long stalked, heart shape bases
Big leaf aster phyllariies
Aster, Large-leaved
(Bigleaf Aster)
Phyllaries 5-6 series, 32 to 35, overlapping, oft purple tinged, short glandular hair.
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Bottle Gentian
(Closed Gentian)

Gentiana clausa and Gentiana andrewsii
Bottle gentian leaf
Bottle Gentian
Leaves 2x long as wide, opposite but form whorl under flowers.
Downy Gentian
Downy Gentian
Gentiana puberulenta
Downey Gentian leaf
Downy Gentian
Plant 8-20" high. Leaf opposite, narrow, slightly hairy. (Photo Derek Anderson)
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Great Blue Lobelia
(Blue Cardinal Flower)

Lobelia siphilitica
Great Blue Lobelia plant
Great Blue Lobelia
Plant 1-4 feet high, stout, usually hairy in inflorescence. Flower- 2 lip lobes top, 3 on bottom.
Great Blue Lobelia leaf
Great Blue Lobelia
Leaves oblong to oval, upper smaller and stalkless. No hair.
Monkey Flower
Monkey Flower
Mimulus ringens L. var. ringens
Monkey Flower
Monkey Flower
Leaf opposite, stalkless with short auricles, coarse teeth. Plant branched.
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True Forget-me-not
Myosotis scorpioides
forget-me-not leaf
True Forget-me-not
Stems thin, leaf stalkless, one center vein, hair on margins.
Silvery Scurf Pea
Silvery Scurf Pea
Pediomelum argophyllum
Silvery Scurf Pea leaf
Silvery Scurf Pea
Leaf - 3 to 5 leaflets with whitish appressed hair.
Fringleaf Wild Petunia
Fringeleaf Wild Petunia
Ruellia humilis
Fringeleaf Wild Petunia leaf
Fringeleaf Wild Petunia
Stem 4-angled, leaves opposite, smooth, fine hair on margin.
Marsh Skullcap
Scutellaria galericulata.
Petals curved. (Photo Aaron Carlson)
Marsh Skullcap
Flowers mostly solitary from leaf axils. Leaves barely stalked. 6-32" high. (photo Chris Noll)
Mad dog skullcap
Mad Dog Skullcap
Scutellaria lateriflora
(Blue Skullcap) Petals barely curved. (Photo Chris Noll)
Mad dog skullcap plant
Mad Dog Skullcap
Flowers in racemes from leaf axils, leaves stalked, stem 12-28" high. (Photo Chris Noll)
Heart-leaved Aster
Aster - Heart-leaved
(Common Blue Wood Aster)

Symphyotrichum cordifolium
Blue Wood aster leaf
Aster - Heart-leaved
(Flowers can be white)
Lower leaves- heart shape base, large teeth, upper leaves more oval.
Blue Wood Aster phyllaries
Aster - Heart-leaved
Phyllaries - 4 to 6 series, unequal, linear to oblong, whitish with green diamond stripe
Red Stemmed Aster
Aster - Purplestem
(Red-stemmed Aster)

Symphyotrichum puniceum
Red stem aster stem
Aster - Purplestem
(Red-stemmed Aster)
Stem stout, hairy, reddish purple, leaves clasp stem
Redstem Aster phyllaries
Aster - Purplestem
(Red-stemmed Aster)
Phyllaries- 4 to 6 series, whitish with long spreading green tips, with/without hair.
Short's Aster
Aster - Short's
Symphyotrichum shortii
Short's Aster leaf
Aster - Short's
Leaves lance-like, lowest the largest, base heart-shaped, usually without teeth.
Short's Aster phyllareis
Aster - Short's
Phyllaries- 4-5 series, appressed, unequal in size, whitish with short dk green pointed tip.
Blue Vervain
Blue Vervain
(Swamp Vervain)

Verbena hastata
Blue Vervain leaf
Blue Vervain
Leaf lance-like, coarse teeth, underside with whitish hair, lower leaves have a pair of basal lobes.

Flowers rosy, pinkish, pink-purple and deep purple.

Wild Garlic
Wild Garlic
Allium canadense
Wild Garlic
Wild Garlic
Flowering begins when pale sheath opens. Not all bulbils will flower.
Wild Garlic
Wild Garlic
Leaves rise from stem base, are flat with a keel. Flowering scape to 24" high.
Nodding Wild Onion
Nodding Wild Onion
Allium cernuum
(Buds and open flowers nodding)
Wild Onion leaves
Both Wild Onions
Leaves all basal, forming vase shape. Flower stem rises from bulb. White flowers also.
Wild Onion
Wild Onion
Allium stellatum
(Bud nod, open flowers held erect)
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Leadplant
Amorpha canescens
leadplant leaf

Leaf pinnate, 13-25 pairs leaflets, gray hair underside.
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Groundnut
(Wild Bean)

Apios americana
Groundnut leaf
Groundnut
Leaves have 5+ stalked leaflets, terminal largest. Vine to 7'
Burdock
Lesser Burdock
Arctium minus
Lesser Burdock leaf
Lesser Burdock
Leaf-egg shape, large, lower with heart-shape base, edge wavy. Flowers in tight cluster.
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Swamp Milkweed
Asclepias incarnata
Swamp Milkweed Leaf
Swamp Milkweed
Leaves stalkless to clasping, smooth both sides. Flower umbel erect.
Swamp Milkweed
Swamp Milkweed
Slender pods held erect on erect stalks. Brown at maturity.
spotted knapweed flower
Spotted Knapweed
Centaurea stoebe
Photos Merle R. Black, Wisconsin Flora
Spotted Knapweed
Spotted Knapweed
Leaves deeply lobed, phyllaries with black tips.
Fireweed
Fireweed
Chamerion angustifolium
Fireweed.
Fireweed
Stem erect 4-6' high; Leaves 5x long as wide, smooth, almost stalkless.
Fireweed Leaf
Fireweed
Lateral veins join a loop vein on leaf margin.
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Red Turtlehead
Chelone obliqua
Red turtlehead leaf
Red Turtlehead
Leaves opposite, stalked, dark green, smooth, toothed.
Canada thistle plant
Canada Thistle
Cirsium arvense
Canada Thistle leaf

Deep indentations on leaf, hard needle-like prickles on margins. Stem 1-4' high.
Canada thistle
Canada Thistle
Flw. head to 1/2” wide, phyllaries tightly appressed, spreading tips, no spines.
Field Thistle
Field Thistle
Cirsium discolor
Field Thistle
Field Thistle
Biennial, to 7' high, leaves with white fuzz under, spiny on margins.
Filed Thistle
Field Thistle
Flw head to 1.5” wide, Phyllaries like fish scales, white stripe, prickly.
swamp thistle plant
Swamp Thistle
Cirsium muticum
Swamp Thistle leaf
Swamp Thistle
Leaves deeply cut, basal long stalked, a few spines. Stem leaf shorter with spines.
Swamp Thistle
Swamp Thistle
Phyllaries prickly, each with white center stripe and a thin prickle. Stems 4-7' high.
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Purple Prairie Clover
Dalea purpurea
Purple Prairie Clover
Purple Prairie Clover
Leaf compound, small, 3-9 leaflets with gland dots.
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Showy Ticktrefoil
(Canada Ticktrefoil)

Desmodium canadense
Showy Tick-trefoil leaf
Showy Ticktrefoil
(Canada Ticktrefoil)

3-part stem leaves on stalks
Pointed leaf ticktrefoil flower
Pointed-leaved Ticktrefoil
Desmodium glutinosum
Pointed leaf tick trefoil leaf
Pointed-leaved Ticktrefoil
Leaves in cluster on upper stem, 3-parted, leaflets oval, with pointed tip. Stem 1-4' high
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Pointed-leaved Ticktrefoil
Inflorescence tall, branched, the whorl-like leaf cluster is at inflorescence base.
Bush Honeysuckle pink
Northern Bush Honeysuckle*
Diervilla lonicera
(Most flowers are yellow)
Bush Honeysuckle leaf
Northern Bush Honeysuckle*
Leaves opposite, flowers in small panicle at stem tip.
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Grecian Foxglove
Digitalis lanata
Grecian Foxglove
Grecian Foxglove
Leaves linear with hair near purplish stem.
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Eastern Purple Coneflower
Echinacea purpurea
Purple Coneflower leaf
Eastern Purple Coneflower
Basal leaves 5x long as wide, long-stalked. Stem leaves short.
Purple Coneflower Phyllaries
Eastern Purple Coneflower
Phyllareies narrow, pointed, hairy and recurve from the head when in flower.
Hellborine
Helleborine
Epipactis helleborine
Helleborine plant
Helleborine
Erect orchid, leaves narrowly elliptic, widely separated, wider on the lower stem.
Wild Poinsettia
Wild Poinsettia
Euphorbia cyathophora
Wild Poinsettia leaf
Wild Poinsettia
Leaves stalked, variable - linear to oblong lobed. Color is in the bracts.
Spotted Joe-Pye Weed flower
Spotted Joe-Pye Weed
Eutrochium maculatum
(Eupatorium purpureum)
Spotted Joe-Pye Weed
Spotted Joe-Pye Weed
Leaves usually in whorls of 4 to 5, lanceolate in shape, underside densely hairy.
Spotted Joepye weed stem
Spotted Joe-Pye Weed
Stem is purple or purple spotted. More moist sites.
Sweet Joe-Pye Weed
Sweet Scented Joe-Pye Weed
Eutrochium purpureum
(Eupatorium purpureum
)
Sweet scented joepye weed stem
Sweet Scented Joe-Pye Weed
Greenish stem, purple only at stem nodes - mesic sites.
Sweet Joe-Pye Weed leaf
Sweet-scented Joe-Pye Weed
Leaves in whorl of 3 or 4, coarsely toothed, similar to E. maculatum but fewer in whorl.
Queen of the Prairie
Queen of the Prairie
Filipendula rubra
Queen of the prairie leaf
Queen of the Prairie
Leaf -up to 7 separated lobed leaflets on reddish stem, terminal leaflet with 7-9 lobes.
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Live Forever
(Witch's Moneybags)

Hylotelephium telephium
Live forever leaf
Live Forever
Leaves flat, thick, succulent with coarse teeth, lower stalked.
Blazing star leaves
Blazing Stars
Plants shown here all have similar leaves. Longer and wider closer to stem base
Rough Blazing Star
Rough Blazing Star
(Rough Gayfeather)

Liatris aspera
Rough Blazing Star phyllaries
Rough Blazing Star
Phyllaries - 4-5 series - outer green & reflexed, - middle rounded tip, uneven edges.
Ontario Blazing Star plant
Ontario Blazing Star
(Cylindrical Blazing Star

Liatris cylindracea
Ontario Blazing Star phyllaries
Ontario Blazing Star
Phyllaries - 5-7 series, outer ovate to inner oblong; varying green to deep purplish
Large-headed Blazing Star
Large-headed Blazing Star
(Rocky Mt. Blazing Star)

Liatris ligulistylis
Large headed Blazing Star phyllaries
Large-headed Blazing Star
Phyllaries- 4-5 series, unequal, oblong to spatulate, truncate to rounded tips, long stalk
Shaggy Blazing stgar
Shaggy Blazing Star
Liatris pilosa
Shaggy Blazing star phyllaries
Shaggy Blazing Star
Phyllaries- 4-5 series, oblong, unequal, irregular shape, margins translucent, tips rounded to pointed.
Prairie Blazing Star
Prairie Blazing Star
Liatris pycnostachya
Prairie Blazing star phyllaries
Prairie Blazing Star
Phyllaries - 4-5 series, unequal, oblong, margins slightly translucent, tips pointed & curving to fully recurving.
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Northern Blazing Star
(New England Blazing Star)

Liatris scariosa var. novae-angliae
Northern Blazing Star phyllaries
Northern Blazing Star
Phyllaries - 4-5 series, unequal, oblong to ovate, tips rounded & spreading, not recurved, green to purple.
Dense Blazing Star
Dense Blazing Star
(Spiked Blazing Star)

Liatris spicata
Dense Blazing Star Phyllaries
Dense Blazing Star
Phyllaries - 4-5 series, unequal, ovate to oblong, tips rounded, appressed, green or purple varying with variety.
Purple Loosestrife
Purple Loosestrife
Lythrum salicaria
purple loosestrife leaf
Purple Loosestrife
Leaves lance-like, downy, smooth edge, stalkless and clasping.
Wild Mint flowers
Wild Mint
Mentha arvensis
Wild Mint
Wild Mint
To 2-1/2' high, little branching,no flowers on TOP of 4-angled stem.
Wild Mint leaf
Wild Mint
Leaves opposite, stalked, toothed. Flowers pink to white in verticillasters
Monkey Flower
Monkey Flower
Mimulus ringens var. ringens
Monkey Flower leaf
Monkey Flower
Leaf opposite, stalkless with short auricles, coarse teeth. Stem 6-40", branched.
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Wild Bergamot
Monarda fistulosa
Wild Bergamot leaf
Wild Bergamot
Leaves opposite, stalked, grayish, triangular base, fewer teeth on upper leaves.
Purple Bergamot
Purple Bergamot
Monarda media
Leaf same as M. fistulosa
spotted bee-balm
Spotted Bee-balm
Monarda punctata
(AKA - Dotted Horsemint)
spotted beebalm flower
Spotted Bee-balm
Flowers in verticillasters, stem 4-angled, lilac color dotted bracts under flowers.
spotted beebalm leaf
Spotted Bee-balm
Leaves with shallow teeth, stalk with wing effect. Plant of drier habitat. Stems to 3.
American Lopseed flower
Lopseed
Phryma leptostachya
Lopseed leaf
Lopseed
Leaves opposite, spaced, long stalks. Flowers in terminal spikes.
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Obedient Plant
(False Dragonhead)

Physostegia virginiana
Obedient Plant leaf
Obedient Plant
Leaves opposite, narrow, not stalked, widely spaced sharp teeth. Vein prominent
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White Rattlesnake Root
Prenanthes alba
Rattlesnake Root
White Rattlesnake Root
Stem leaf - variable, upper with coarse teen & few lobes, lower deeply 3 to 5 lobed.
Heal all
Heal-all
Prunella vulgaris
Heal-all leaf
Heal-all
Flowers in verticillasters, leaves opposite, sparse, hair on underside.
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Bouncing Bet -pink flower
(Soapwort -pink flower)

Saponaria officinalis
Soapwort leaf
Bouncing Bet
Leaf - opposite, elongated ovals, smooth, wavy, 3-5 prominent veins.
Lance-leaf figwort
Lanceleaf Figwort
Scrophularia lanceolata
Lanceleaf figwort
Lanceleaf Figwort
Stems with flat sides, erect, flowers in open widely branched panicle.
Lanceleaf Figwort leaf
Lanceleaf Figwort
Leaves stalked, lance-shaped, dbl-tooth margins, base never heart-shaped
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Climbing Nightshade
(Bittersweet Nightshade)

Solanum dulcamara
Climbing Nightshade leaf
Climbing Nightshade
Leaf - 1 large terminal lobe and 2 to 4 smaller lobes. Stalk forms a small wing.
Climbing Nightshade berry
Climbing Nightshade
berries red at maturity, 1/4", toxic to children. Vine without tendrils
Trailing Wild Bean
Trailing Wild Bean
Strophostyles helvola
Trailing Wild Bean leaf
Trailing Wild Bean
Leaf 3-parted, lateral leaflet lobes unequal. Flowers single or loose cluster of 3 to 10.
Trailing Wild Bean pod
Trailing Wild Bean
Pods rounded, to 3.5" long, brownish black at maturity, persistent bent style.
CORALBERRY pink flower
Coralberry
Symphoricarpos orbiculatus
Flowers white to pinkish
Coralberry leaf
Coralberry
Leaf- elliptical, wavy edges, short reddish stalks, reddish stem.
Coralberry fruit
Coralberry
Drupes ovoid to 1/4", very tightly clustered, beak at tip, not palatable.
Western Silver Aster
Aster - Western Silver
(Silky Aster)

Symphyotrichum sericeum
Western Silver Aster leaf
Aster - Western Silver
(Silky Aster)
Leaves pale green, silky, silver tint, smooth edges.
Western Silky Aster phyllaries
Aster - Western Silver
Phyllaries - 3-5 series, overlapping, ovate, pale-grn center line, spade-like grn spreading tips
Red Clover
Red Clover
Trifolium pratense
Red Clover leaf
Red Clover
leaf 3-parted, blunt oval shape, hairy edges, lighter color chevron, large stipule.
Hoary Vervain
Hoary Vervain
Verbena stricta
Hoary Vervain leag
Hoary Vervain
Leaf - sharp coarse teeth, short stalk, underside with fine whitish hair.
Ironweed flower
Ironweed
(Prairie Ironweed)

Vernonia fasciculata
Ironweed plant top
Ironweed
Tall stout plant, leaves lance-like with sharp toothed edge, stalkless.
Ironweed phyllaries
Ironweed
Phyllaries - 4-5 series of 25 to 35+, green, like fish scales, inner tips purplish.

Flowers reddish, orange, brown.

Wild columbine
Wild Columbine
(Red Columbine)

Aquilegia canadensis
Columbine leaf
Wild Columbine
Leaves divided into 3-leaflet groups, each leaflet cleft at tips.
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Butterfly Weed
(Butterfly Milkweed)

Asclepias tuberosa
Butterfly weed leaf
Butterfly Weed
Leaf lance-shaped, alternate, no stalk; other milkweeds are alternate.
Butterfly weed seed pod
Butterfly Weed
Long slim seed pods held upright on a downward curving stalk.
Blackberry Lily
Blackberry Lily
Belamcanda chinensis
Blackberry lily leaf
Blackberry Lily
Leaves sword-like, flowers in branched clusters, one open per day.
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Orange Day Lily
Hemerocallis fulva
Michigan Lily
Michigan Lily
Lilium michiganense
Michigan Lily sepals
Michigan Lily
Flowers pendant from tall stem, no green star inside throat, stamens diverge widely close to throat.
Michigan Lily leaf
Michigan Lily
Leaves in whorls; L. superbum 3-9+ per whorl, L. michiganense 3-7.
Wood Lily
Wood Lily
Lilium philadelphicum
Wood Lily
Wood Lily
Leaf whorl at top of stem, most leaves alternate below.
Turk's Cap Lily
Turk's-cap Lily
Lilium superbum
Turk's-cap Lily sepals
Turk's-cap Lily Lily
Flowers pendant from tall stem, green star inside throat, stamens together, spreading near anthers.
Turk's- ap Lily leaf
Turk's-cap Lily
Leaves in whorls; L. superbum 3-9+ per whorl, L. michiganense 3-7.
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Cardinal Flower
Lobelia cardinalis
Cardinal Flower leaf
Cardinal Flower
Leaf toothed, alternate, upper stalkless
Royal Catchfly
Royal Catchfly
Silene regia
(AKA Wild Pink)
Royal Catchfly leaf
Royal Catchfly
Leaves opposite, widely spaced, usually hairy. Flowers with glandular hair.
Narrowleaf Cattail
Narrow-leaved Cattail
(Gap between brown flw sections)
Typha angustifolia
Cattail
Common Cattail
(Broadleaf Cattail)

(No gap between brown flw sections)
Typha latifolia

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graphic Garden Plant Photo Identification Booklet