Friends of the Wild Flower Garden

Seasonal Photos - Late Summer Mix

Eloise Butler Wildflower Garden and Bird Sanctuary


The golden summer when the days are long is here again. The dainty spring flowers have long since passed and the deeper colors of summer flowers are now noted. Mingled with these are a number of white flowers all too little appreciated. They give us a source of light and restfulness, and serve to intensify the brilliant colors. In nature no colors clash. Former Curator Martha Crone.

Most of these plants will be in bloom during late July and most of August. More photos and plant information can be found by looking up individual plants in the "Archive/Site Plan". Alternate common names for plants are listed in ( ).

Groundnut (Wild Bean) ( Apios americana Medik.) Family: Pea. Woodland Garden and Upland Garden. This example in thewetland area of the Woodland Garden. A veining plant that produces edible tubers. Minnesota occurrence mostly in the south.
Compass Plant
Compass-plant (Silphium laciniatum L.) Family: Aster. A very tall plant of the Upland Garden with hairy stems and leaves. Many books will also list this plant as "Rosin-weed" due to the sticky juice. This is one of the four Silphiums in the Garden.
Pale Gentian
Plain Gentian (Yellowish Gentian) (Gentiana alba Muhl. ex Nutt.). Family: Gentiana. Found in the Upland Garden late August.

Red Turtlehead
Red Turtlehead (Chelone obliqua L.). Family: Figwort. The main and very impressive grouping is found in the Woodland Garden at Station 24. There are other small groups around the Garden. Blooms mid to late August.
Monarch Butterfly
Monarch butterfly on a Wild Bergamot(Monarda fistulosa L.) Plants are in the Upland Garden.

Cardinal Flower
Cardinal-flower (Lobelia cardinalis L.). Family: Lobelia. Found along the small stream in the Woodland Garden. Blooms late August into September.
Joe-pye Weed
Spotted Joe-Pye Weed (Eutrochium maculatum (L.) E.E.Lamont). Family: Aster. Located in the Woodland Garden, this plant is a good butterfly attractor. Prefers moist areas. Native to the area.
Cup Plant
Cup Plant (Silphium perfoliatum L.). Family: Aster. A distinctive tall plant of the Upland Garden with leaves that are paired and joined at the stem forming a cup and giving the name. One of the four Silphiums in the Garden.

Chicory (Cichorium intybus L.). Family: Aster. Found in the Upland Garden along the edges of the paths. Usually not open unless sunny and they close by early afternoon. Some plants of this species in the Garden will have white flowers.
Closed Gentian
Bottle Gentian (Closed Gentian) (Gentiana clausa Raf. and the very similar Gentiana andrewsii Griseb). Family: Gentiana. Found in the Upland Garden.

Live Forever (Witch's Moneybags) (Hylotelephium telephium (L.). Family: Stonecrop. A somewhat short plant of the Upland Garden with star-shaped flowers and coarse toothed leaves. Stems are un-branched.
A Monarch butterfly on a Field Thistle head.

Butter and Eggs
Butter and Eggs (Linaria vulgaris Mill.) Family: Figwort. Found in the Upland Garden. The irregular flower has a spur on the bottom and with an orange-yellow spot on the lower lip. A European import from settlement days, now naturalized in Minnesota. A favorite of Eloise Butler.
Boneset (Eupatorium perfoliatum L.). Family: Aster. Located in the moist wetland area of the Woodland Garden. A plant with a long folk medicine history.
White Prairie Clover
White Prairie Clover (Dalea candida Michx. ex Willd). Family: Fabaceae (Pea). Found throughout Minnesota except rarely in the NE quarter. It is similar to a purple variety but taller. In our Upland Garden. Finished blooming by early August.

Jewel Weed
Pale Touch-me-not (Pale Jewelweed (Impatiens pallida Nutt.). Family: Touch-me-not. Similar to the darker colored Spotted Jewelweed (Impatiens capensis Meerb.). Woodland Garden.
Virgin's Bower
Virgin's Bower (Clematis virginiana L.). Family: Buttercup. A vine plant of the Upland Garden. Native to the area.

Canada Goldenrod
Late Goldenrod (Tall Goldenrod) (Solidago altissima L.). Family: Aster. Upland Garden in many places. The most common roadside Goldenrod in our area.
Grass-leaved Goldenrod
Grass-leaved Goldenrod. (Euthamia graminifolia (L.) Nutt. var. graminifolia. Family: Aster. Upland Garden. Narrow leaves, but wider than those of the Slender-leaved Goldenrod. Found throughout Minnesota.
Yellow Hawkweed
Rough  Hawkweed (Yellow Hawkweed) (Hieracium umbellatum L.). Family: Aster. Growing in sunny areas of the Upland Garden. Occurs in Minnesota in dry area north and east.

White Snake Root
White Snakeroot ( Ageratina altissima L.). Family: Aster. Woodland and Upland Garden, generally in partial shade. Native to the Twin Cities west and south. It will easily self-seed along the edges of a woodland. The plant contains trematol, a toxic alcohol. If cows eat the plant the toxin is secreted into the milk causing milk sickness. Lincoln's mother, Nancy Hanks, died of the disease in 1818. Generally in bloom during August.
Climbing Nightshade (Bittersweet Nightshade) (Solanum dulcamara L.). Family: Nightshade. Found in the Woodland Garden. A vine without tendrils that grows near other plants for support. The ends of the stem with the flower clusters are usually self supporting. Leaves first taste sweet, then bitter, hence one of the common names. Flowers all summer long. Widely distributed in Minnesota.