Friends of the Wild Flower Garden
Garden Gate

Site Plan and Archive

In the Archive pages you will find links to all the content on The Friends of the Wild Flower Garden web site. Unlike the main pages, links here are arranged by topic. These topics include links to articles previously published in The Friend's newsletter - The Fringed Gentian™.

Educational Activities and Articles

Original date of published articles is given in brackets

Birding

A Great Place for Birding – Naturalist Tammy Mercer explains why the Garden is great for birding, including in May after the Spring migration. (Spring 2005)

Avery Birding Terrace – Photos and background on the Avery Birding Terrace.

Blue-Gray Gnatcatcher – historical sighting of the bird at Eloise Butler.

Cardinals - Juveniles – A photo page of what juvenile Northern Cardinals look like.

Early Birders Catch the Wonders – Naturalist Tammy Mercer reviews what wonders are seen during the year on the Saturday Morning Birding walks. (Fall 2008)

Downy and Hairy Woodpecker comparison – A photo page showing the size differences between the two similarly colored woodpeckers, with a link to more photos.

EBWG as a Migration Rest Stop – Naturalist Tammy Mercer writes an article addressed to the birds about the benefits of Eloise Butler Wildflower Garden as a migration rest stop. (Fall 2007)

Many Colors of Feathers (The) – Naturalist Tammy Mercer writes about the color of bird feathers and why we see the colors the way we do. (Fall 2010)

Native Plants - for the Birds – EBWG Naturalist Tammy Mercer writes about interactions of plants, insects and bird life. Illustrated.

Owl Rescue in Wirth Park – Finding a downed Great Horned Owl near the Garden and transfer to rehab, then release after rehab. (2014)

Rewards of Summer Birding – Naturalist Tammy Mercer reviews summer birding and distinguishing fledglings from adults. (Summer 2005)

Warblers - Naturalist Tammy Mercer discusses Spring Warblers and the little time there is to see them. (Spring 2015 - 1.0mb pdf file)

Winter Birds – A photo essay on thirteen common birds most likely to be seen during winter in central and southern Minnesota

Winter Survival of Warm-blooded Critters – MPRB Naturalist Tammy Mercer writes of how some of the birds and animals survive the winter in the Garden. (Winter 2009)

Life

A Butterfly in Your Hand? – EBWG Naturalist Diana Thottungal tells you how to attract butterflies to your hand.

Baby, It's Cold Outside – An illustrated article by MPRB Naturalist Diana Thottungal on how some creatures physically survive the winter temperatures.(Winter 2009)

Bee Survey – 2013 season survey of bees in the Garden for baseline data

Eyeshine (pdf) – An article by MPRB Naturalist Diana Thottungal on the origin and use of glowing eyes in various creatures. (Summer 2011) (245kb pdf file)

Secret Life of Winter – MPRB Naturalist Diana Thottungal writes on the hidden life of winter. Illustrated. (Winter 2010)

Water in Winter - (pdf) – An illustrated article by MPRB Naturalist Diana Thottungal on the magical characteristics of water in the winter time.

Winter Survival of Warm-blooded Critters – MPRB Naturalist Tammy Mercer writes of how some of the birds and animals survive the winter in the Garden. (Winter 2009)

Plants, Habitat, etc.

Asters and Goldenrods – A photo look at asters and goldenrods in the Garden. 2009

Autumn Fruits and Seedpods – A photo thumbnail sheet of Autumn fruits and seeds that you are likely to see from September to Garden Close in October.

Bog in the Woodland Garden – History, environment and plant community of the Garden bog. (2010)

Cedar Apple Rust – Information and photos of the fungus that uses Eastern Red Cedar and other junipers as an alternate host. (2013)

Earliest Blooming Spring Plants – The five earliest bloomers - text and photos. (2013)

Earliest and latest bloom dates – For 25 common spring wildflowers, with photos (2014)

Edge plants - 5 obscure late season plants – Plants you hardly notice - Burnweed, Canadian Horseweed, Black Nightshade, Arrow-leaved Tearthumb, Willowherb.

Fern Talk – A glossary of common terms used in describing ferns - illustrated (2012)

Ferns in the Garden – An illustrated index sheet of the ferns in Eloise Butler, both current and historical, most with links to detailed information sheets.

Ferns – Cultural tips for planting. (1957 article by Martha Crone.)

Friends' Newsletter Archive – Past issues of The Fringed Gentian™ in download-able pdf format.

Fruit and Seed Quiz – A photo identification quiz on late summer fruits and seeds found in the Eloise Butler Garden.

Gentian in the Garden – Former Gardener Cary George writes of the Gentian in the Garden - both now and in the past. (originally published fall 2000)

Goldenrod galls – Information on 3 insects that cause stem galls on Solidago altissima.

Grasses of the Garden – Photos of the Garden grasses with links to detailed information pages.

Heritage Trees in the Garden – Former Gardener Cary George writes of the nine Minneapolis Heritage Trees in the Garden (originally published winter 2000)

Invasive Plants You Don't Want in Your Garden – A summary of six summer flowering invasives to eradicate with photos and link to info pages. (2013)

Late Summer Flowers - 5 less well known – A look at 5 late summer flowers in the Garden that are not usually found in the home garden.

Late Summer Fruits and Seedpods – A photo thumbnail sheet of late summer fruits and seedpods that you are likely to see from mid-July through August.

Leaves: Patterns of Fall Leaf Drop. – Naturalist Diana Thottungal writes on the variations in pattern of how tress drop their leaves in the fall. Illustrated. (Fall 2009)

Magic in the Wildflower Garden – Naturalist Cathie Baldwin discusses plant lore about 5 Garden flowers. (Fall 1999)

Mapping Trees in the Garden – Garden Curator Susan Wilkins explains the process of how the trees in the Garden were data based and mapped via a GPS system. (2004)

Mushrooms:

----Fascination with Fungi – – Naturalist Ron Spinosa writes of his fascination with the mushroom world and that of Eloise Butler and Martha Crone (pdf file, with photos - 2013)

----Meet The Mushrooms – A well illustrated article by MPRB Naturalist Diana Thottungal on mushrooms and some of those found in the Garden. (Fall 2008)

----Mushrooms – – A photo page of a few of the many mushrooms in the Garden (2010)

----Spooky Fungi (pdf - .9mb) – MPRB Naturalist Donna Thottungal looks as some of the strangest fungi that you may encounter. (Fall 2011)

Mid-summer Flowers - 5 less well known – A look at 5 mid- summer flowers in the Garden that are not usually found in the home garden.

Native Plant Diversity at Home – Establishing Diversity. The Garden area was an Oak Savanna. Climate change is affecting the plant selection. By Douglas Owens-Pike, founder of EnergyScapes. (Spring 2009)

Oak Leaf Comparison Key – Leaf comparison of the eight most common northern oaks.

Orchids: Cherishing Orchids, an Eloise Butler Legacy – Garden Curator Susan Wilkins reviews Eloise Butler's passion for orchids and the Showy Lady's-slipper. (Summer 2005)

Orchids in the Garden – Previous Eloise Butler Gardener Cary George writes on the Garden's two Lady's-slippers and the problems and ethics of transplantation (Spring 2000)

Ornamental Grasses for the Home Landscape – A review, with photos, of a selection of ornamental grasses for the home garden that were grown by Gary Bebeau. Growing and cultural tips.

Pea Family Plants in the Prairie – Pea family plants that thrive in the hot prairie sun, by previous Eloise Butler Gardener Cary George. (Summer 2002)

Planting for Winter Interest – Master Gardener Kathy Urberg reviews a few plants that supply winter landscape interest. (Winter 2008)

Rare Minnesota Native Plants in the Garden – Text and photos about 21 plants listed by Minnesota as endangered, threatened or of special concern that are seen in Eloise Butler. (2014)

Ruffians in the Garden – A close look at Curly Dock, Mullein and Nettle and why we should like them. Gary Bebeau, 2009

Secret Life of Winter. – MPRB Naturalist Diana Thottungal writes on the hidden life of winter. Illustrated. (Winter 2010)

Sedges in the Garden – Brief article discussing sedges and overview of those found in the Garden. (pdf file - 2013)

Tall Plants in the Summer Garden – Previous Eloise Butler Gardener Cary George writes about the tall plants and the lilies of the summer Upland Prairie Garden (Summer 2000)

The Four Silphiums – Photos and plant information on four representatives of the genus Silphium in the Eloise Butler Garden. Gary Bebeau 2009

Thistle Comparison Key – Flower and leaf comparison of the 7 species of thistle found in Minnesota.

Touch-me-nots – Photos and plant information on the two Touch-me-not species in the Garden - also known as Jewelweeds.

Tree: My Life and Death as a Tree – MPRB Naturalist Tammy Mercer writes about the life cycle of a deciduous tree. Illustrated. (Winter 2010)

Tree Age Calculator. Explanation on how to calculate the age of selected species of trees based on tree diamter.

Trees and Shrubs in the Garden – Master Gardener Greg Lecker gives a look at some of the trees and shrubs in the Eloise Butler Garden that will come into leaf and bloom in the springtime. (Spring 2008.)

What's in a (Flower's) Name? (pdf) – An illustrated article by MPRB Naturalist Diana Thottungal on the origin and meaning of the names of some spring flowers. (Spring 2011) (710kb pdf file)

Willow Pine Cone Gall – An illustrated note about galls that resemble pine cones on willows. These are caused by a small gnat. (2013)

Eloise Butler's Writings

Columns published in the Sunday Minneapolis Tribune

April 16, 1911 – –  Pasque Flowers at Easter Time Proclaim Yearly Spring Miracle.

April 30, 1911 – –  Anemones, Hepaticas and Buttercups Prominent in Crowfoot Family Here

May 7, 1911 – –  Bloodroots, Marsh Marigolds, Adder’s Tongues and Dutchman’s Breeches Among Spring Blooms that Delight Eye and Heart

May 14, 1911 – –  Plum Blossoms, Skunk Cabbage, and Modest Jack-in-the-Pulpit among May Arrivals That Please Lover of Life in the Woods.

May 21, 1911 – –  Beautiful Large-flowered Trilliums Grace Minnetonka Wood in May; Violets, Forest, Hillside and Prairie Varieties Flourish Near Minneapolis.

May 28, 1911 – –  Geum, Early Meadow Rue, Lousewort, Phlox, and Hoary Puccoon Are Described as Wild Beauties in Miss Butler’s Weekly Article.

June 4, 1911 – –  Hawthorn of World Fame through Poetry and Prose of England, Virginian Waterleaf, White Lily and Geranium Featured in June

June 11, 1911 – – Wild Roses Know When it is June, According to Miss Butler, Who Describes Blossoms that Delight the Rambler Out-of-Doors.

June 18, 1911 – –  Painted Cup Notable among Wild Flowers Found near Minneapolis; Bog-trotter’s Zeal Repaid by Orchids and Other Swamp Blossoms

July 2, 1911 – – Blue Flag, Native Minnesota Iris, Classed as Richest of Lilies; Early Meadow Rue and Larkspur Treated by Miss Butler

July 9, 1911 – – Milkweed Flowers Much in evidence during July, Harebells, Ox-Eyes, and Water Lilies Also Bloom in Abundance.

July 16, 1911 – – Lily Declared Crowning Wild Flower near Minneapolis in July; Miss Butler Describes, Also, the Blossoms That Kept it Company.

July 23, 1911 – Mint, Abundant in Minnesota, Delights the Senses; Miss Butler Tells of Wild Flowers in Glenwood Park Garden.

July 30, 1911 – Flowering Spurge Graces Roadside and Prairie in Late summer; Varieties of Yellow Blooms Classed as “Sunflowers” Confusing.

August 6, 1911 – Tramp Plants, Migrants from Foreign Lands, Thrive in Minnesota; They Often Preempt Ground, Crowding Out Native Citizens of Soil.

August 13, 1911 – Common Plantain Is Compared with the Alisma Plantago, Otherwise Known as the Water Variety

August 20, 1911 – Wild Balsam Occupies Low Places in Wild Gardens; Leaves Shine Like Silver When Put in the Water.

August 27, 1911 – Prickly Armor Furnishes Protection for the Thistle; Caterpillars Crawl by and Browsing Horses Shun Plant.

September 3, 1911 – – Virgin Minnesota Prairie in Full Bloom Surpasses Flora of Tropics; Earth’s Tapestry Shows a Riot of Color before Autumnal Frosts.

September 10, 1911 – – Fringed Gentian, Termed Loveliest of Blue Flowers, Now in Bloom; Asters and Goldenrod Indicate Autumn Has Reached Minnesota.

September 17, 1911 – – Acrid Taste Gives Name to the Smart Weed; Miss Butler Describes Wild Grasses in the Park.

September 24, 1911 – – Late Blooming Flowers Dot Meadows with White, Blue and Gold; Asters, Gentians, Lobelias, and Sunflowers Greet Field Lovers.

August 17, 1913 – – Article published Aug. 17, 1913 in the Minneapolis Sunday Tribune about her exhibit at the annual meeting of the American Florists and Ornamental Horticulturists

Essays from Annals of the Wild Life Reserve

1913 National Florist Convention – Article published Aug. 17, 1913 in the Minneapolis Sunday Tribune about her exhibit at the annual meeting of the American Florists and Ornamental Horticulturists

Animal, Bird, and Insect Life in the Wild Garden – Overview of what she sees - 1914

Autobiographical Sketch – Eloise Butler writes about her early years prior to the Garden being formed - 1911

Asters in the Wild Garden – A summary of all the asters indigenous and introduced, in the Garden during 1914. Written June 1915.

Attractiveness of vegetables and common weeds – Commentary of how the ordinary can be wonderful. 1911

Birdbath acquisition – – New Birdbath and seeing a Woodcock - June 1917

Bulletin of the MN Academy of Science – Published article reviewing types of plants in the Garden - 1911

Burning Hat – Her hat catches fire in the Garden - 1911

Children's Forage Plants in the Wild Garden – Plants and fruits that children liked to eat in her era. Dated Jan. 1915.

Effective Coloring in the Wild Garden that is not due to Flowers – Natural color found on leaves, fruits, bark and buds. Dated Dec. 1915.

Experiences in Collecting –  – In Quest of the Walking Fern - 1909

Experiences in Collecting – – Finding the White Cypripedium - May 1914

Experiences in Collecting – Collecting Fireweed and Squirrel Corn - 1911

Experiences in Collecting –  – The contrariness of certain plants - May 1916

Experiences in Collecting –  – Searching for the Fragrant Fern - 1916

Ferns in the Wild Garden – A description of the indigenous ferns and ferns she introduced. Dated June 1915

Ferns in the Wild Garden – An updated version of the 1915 article. Dated Sept. 1919.

Fragrance of the Wild Garden – Agreeable and disagreeable odors of wild plants. Dated Feb. 1915

Garden operation principles. Short notes on care of the Garden. 1920.

Letter to Theodore Wirth 1914 – About the joys and pleasure of the Garden - 1914

Liverworts, Lichens, Mosses, and Evergreen Ferns in the Wild Garden – About these plants in the Garden - 1914

Mallard Pool 1932 –  – The construction and plan for the large pool.

March 1915 – – Notable Features of my Wild Garden

March 1915 (Spring) – – Notable Features of my Wild Garden - a second essay listing a large number of spring plants in the early Garden

Occult Experiences of a Wild Gardener – – Eloise relates how a medium told her that she has two ghostly botanist friends that want her to find the plant she is looking for.

Old Andrew – A recluse lived near the Garden and Eloise would hear him chopping wood after he died.

Trees - Identification points. Discussion of the method for identifying trees by shape, bud and bark. 1914

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