Listing by season, of Eloise Butler's plantings in 1916, that were "1st time" plantings according to her Garden Log.

Eloise brought into the Garden a number of plants that are not listed today on the Garden census. Many of these were native to Minnesota and a few were not. Here is a listing of most of those plants introduced this year to the Garden for the first time - the common and botanical names listed first are names she used followed by other common names for the same plant and the newer botanical classifications, if any; then follows her source for the material. 1916 is the first year the following list of plants occur in her log. Most are shown in the photos. The inclusion of "(M.C.)" indicates a plant that was still present at the time of Martha Crone's 1951 Garden Census - except for grasses and sedges which Crone did not catalog. "Native" indicates the plant is considered native to Minnesota or if introduced, long established. "Extant" indicates the plant is present in the Garden today. Botanical classification: Over the years Botanists have reclassified many plants from the classifications in use at the time Eloise Butler wrote her Garden Log or when Martha Crone prepared her census. I have retained the nomenclature that Eloise Butler or Martha Crone used and then provided the more current classification based on the latest published information from Flora of North America (Ref. #W7) and the Annotated Checklist of the Vascular Flora of Minnesota. (Ref. #28c)


Spring 1916.

Photos shown below are of early plantings that are not present today (Exceptions noted). Click the name link in the list for photos of those plants most of which are still extant.

Clinton Fern
Clinton Fern, (Aspidium cristatum var clintonianum. [Dryopteris clintoniana]) Photo ©Emmett J. Judziewicz, University of Wisconsin
Maidenhair Spleenwort
Maidenhair Spleenwort, (Asplenium trichomanes L.) Photo ©Thomas G. Barnes, USDA-NRCS Plants Database
Western Rattlesnake Plantain
Western Rattlesnake Plantain (Epipactis decipiens, [Goodyera oblongifolia Raf.]) Photo ©R A Kupher, University of Wisconsin.
Spicy Wintergreen
Spicy Wintergreen (Eastern Teaberry), (Gaultheria procumbens L.) Photo ©Nelson DeBarros, USDA-NRCS Plants Database
White Fringed Orchic
White Fringed Orchid. (Habenaria blephariglottis, [Platanthera blephariglottis (Willd.) Lindl. var. blephariglottis]) Photo ©Jim Stasz @ USDA-NRCS PLANTS Database
common rush
Common Rush (Juncus effusus). Photo ©Larry Allain, USDA-NRCS Plants Database
common Juniper
Common Ground Juniper Juniperus communis L.) Photo ©Paul Drobot, University of Wisconsin
Running Club Moss
Running Clubmoss (Lycopodium clavatum L.) Photo ©Christopher Noll, University of Wisconsin
Tree Ground Pine
Tree Ground Pine (Lycopodium obscurum L. var. dendroideum, [Lycopodium dendroideum Michx.]) Photo ©Mary Clay Stensvold, USDA-NRCS Plants Database
European Pasque Flower
European Pasque Flower (Pulsatilla vulgaris Mill.) Photo ©Gary A. Monroe, USDA-NRCS Plants Database
White Mountain saxifrage
White Mountain Saxifrage (Saxifraga paniculata Mill. ssp. neogaea). Photo ©G A Cooper, USDA-NRCS Plants Database.
Sweet White Violet
Sweet White Violet (Viola Blanda Willd.) Photo ©Thomas G. Barnes, USDA-NRCS Plants Database

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Summer 1916

See explanatory notes at top of page.

Photos shown below are of early plantings that are not present today (Exceptions noted). Click the name link in the list for photos of those plants most of which are still extant.

 

Fragrant Fern
Fragrant Fern (Aspidium fragrans [Dryopteris fragrans (L.)] Photo ©Emmett J. Judziewicz, University of Wisconsin.
Prince's Pine
Prince's Pine (Chimaphila umbellata). Photo ©Merle R. Black, University of Wisconsin.
Spearmint
Spearmint (Mentha spicata L.) Photo ©Merle R. Black, University of Wisconsin.
White Water Crowfoot
White Water Crowfoot (Ranunculus aquatilis var. diffusus). Photo @Paul Skawinski, University of Wisconsin.
Woolgrass
Woolgrass (Scirpus eriophorum, [Scirpus cyperinus (L.) Kunth]). Photo ©Robert H. Molenbrock, USDA-NRCS Plants Database.

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Fall 1916

See explanatory notes at top of page.

Photos shown below are of early plantings that are not present today (Exceptions noted).

Common Wormwood
Common Wormwood, (Artemisia absinthium L.) Photo ©Steve C. Garske, University of Wisconsin.
Jimsonweed
Jimsonweed (Datura stramonium L.) Photo ©Emmett J. Judziewicz, University of Wisconsin.
Trailing Arbutus
Trailing Arbutus (Epigaea repens). Photo ©Thomas G. Barnes, USDA-NRCS Plants Database.
Mountain Fly Honeysuckle
Mountain Fly Honeysuckle (Lonicera caerulea, [Lonicera villosa (Michx.) Schult.]). Photo ©Joanne Kline, University of Wisconsin.
American Fly Honeysuckle
American Fly Honeysuckle (Lonicera canadensis W. Bartram ex Marshall). Photo ©Derek Anderson, University of Wisconsin.
Hairy Honeysuckle
Hairy Honeysuckle, (Lonicera hirsuta Eaton). Photo ©Emmett J. Judziewicz, University of Wisconsin.
Goats-rue
Virginia Tephrosia or Goats- rue (Tephrosia virginiana (L.) Pers) Photo ©Merle R. Black, University of Wisconsin.

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