Listing by season, of Eloise Butler's plantings in 1915, that were "1st time" plantings according to her Garden Log.

Early Plantings not present today (Exceptions noted)
Eloise brought into the Garden a number of plants that are not listed today on the Garden census. Many of these were native to Minnesota and a few were not. Here is a listing of most of those plants introduced this year to the Garden for the first time - the common and botanical names listed first are names she used followed by other common names for the same plant and the newer botanical classifications, if any; then follows her source for the material. 1915 is the first year the following list of plants occur in her log. Most are shown in the photos. The inclusion of "(M.C.)" indicates a plant that was still present at the time of Martha Crone's 1951 Garden Census - except for grasses and sedges which Crone did not catalog. "Native" indicates the plant is considered native to Minnesota or if introduced, long established. "Extant" indicates the plant is present in the Garden today. Botanical classification: Over the years Botanists have reclassified many plants from the classifications in use at the time Eloise Butler wrote her Garden Log or when Martha Crone prepared her census. I have retained the nomenclature that Eloise Butler or Martha Crone used and then provided the more current classification based on the latest published information from Flora of North America (Ref. #W7) and the Annotated Checklist of the Vascular Flora of Minnesota. (Ref. #28c)


Spring 1915.

Yellow Rocket
Yellow Rocket, (Barbarea vulgaris) Photo ©G D Bebeau
Narrow Leaf Coneflower
Narrowleaf Coneflower (Echinacea angustifolia) Photo ©G D Bebeau.
Purple Coneflower
Eastern Purple Coneflower (Echinacea purpurea L.) Photo ©G D Bebeau.
Pennsylvania Bittercress
Pennsylvania Bittercress Cardamine pensylvanica) Photo ©Merle R. Black, University of Wisconsin.
Curlyheads
Curlyheads (Clematis ochroleuca) Photo ©Wm. S. Justice, USDA-NRCS Plants Database.
Blue-eyed Mary
Blue-eyed Mary (Collinsia verna) Photo ©Kyle Steel, University of Wisconsin.
Foxglove Beardtongue
Foxglove Beardtongue (Penstemon digitalis) Photo ©G D Bebeau.
oblongleaf Bluebells
Oblong Leaf Bluebells (Mertensia oblongifolia) Photo ©Nevada Native Plant Society.
Hairy Beardtongue
Hairy Beardtongue (Penstemon hirsutus) Photo ©Gary Monroe, USDA-NRCS Plants Database.
Bluejacket
Bluejacket (Tradescantia ohiensis) Photo ©G D Bebeau.
Striped Creme Violet
Striped Creme Violet (Viola striata) Photo ©Kyle Steel, University of Wisconsin.
Appalachian Barren Strawberry
Appalachian Barren Strawberry (Waldsteinia fragarioides) Photo ©Kitty Kohout, University of Wisconsin.

Back to top of page.


Summer 1915

See explanatory notes at top of page.

 

Ovalleaf Milkweed
Ovalleaf Milkweed (Asclepias ovalifolia) Photo ©Derek Anderson, University of Wisconsin.
Longleaf Aster
Longleaf Aster (Symphyotrichum robynsianum) Photo ©Steve Garske, University of Wisconsin.
Chicory
Chicory (Cichorium intybus) Photo ©G D Bebeau.
Bicknells Geranium
Bicknell's Geranium (Geranium bicknellii) Photo ©Derek Anderson, University of Wisconsin.
Pale Green Orchid
Pale Green Orchid (Platanthera flava) Photo ©Derek Anderson, University of Wisconsin.
Northern Green Orchid
Leafy Green Orchis or Northern Green Orchid (Platanthera aquilonis) Photo ©G D Bebeau.
Yellow Sundrops
Yellow Sundrops (Calylophus serrulatus) Photo ©Emmett J. Judziewicz, University of Wisconsin.
Field sow thistle
Field Sow Thistle (Sonchus arvensis) Photo ©G D Bebeau.
Bigbract Verbena
Big-bract Verbena (Verbena bracteata) Photo ©Gary Monroe, USDA-NRCS Plants Database.

Back to top of page.



Fall 1915

See explanatory notes at top of page.

Big Blue Stem
Big Blue Stem (Andropogon gerardii) Photo ©G D Bebeau.
Little Bluestem
Little Bluestem (Schizachyrium scoparium) Photo ©G D Bebeau.
Biennial Wormwood
Biennial Wormwood (Artemisia biennis) Photo ©Emmett J. Judziewicz, University of Wisconsin.
Field Sagewort
Field Sagewort (Artemisia campestris) Photo ©Ken Sytsma, University of Wisconsin.
Taragon
Tarragon (Artemisia dracunculoides) Photo ©Keir Morse, University of Wisconsin.
Ram's head lady's-slipper
Ramshead Lady's-slipper (Cypripedium arietinum) Photo ©Janice Stiefel, University of Wisconsin.
Blunt Spike Rush
Blunt Spike Rush (Eleocharis obtusa) Photo ©Kitty Kohout, University of Wisconsin.
Snow on the Mountain
Snow on the Mountain (Euphorbia marginata) Photo ©Patrick J. Alexander, USDA-NRCS Plants Database.
Smaller Fringed Gentian
Smaller Fringed Gentian (Gentianopsis virgata) Photo © Hugh Iltis, University of Wisconsin.
Prairie Coneflower
Long-headed or Prairie Coneflower (Ratibida columnifera) Photo ©G D Bebeau.
Swamp-fly Honeysuckle
Swamp-fly Honeysuckle (Lonicera oblongifolia) Photo ©Ken Sytsma, University of Wisconsin.
Grape Honeysuckle
Grape Honeysuckle (Lonicera reticulata) Photo ©Christopher Noll, University of Wisconsin.
Maltese Cross
Maltese Cross (Lychnis chalcedonica) Photo ©G D Bebeau.
Common reed
Common reed (Phragmites australis) Photo ©Steve Garske, University of Wisconsin.

Download Printable PDF Version


Back to top of page.