Friends of the Wild Flower Garden Supporting the Eloise Butler Wildflower Garden and Bird Sanctuary The oldest public wildflower garden in the United States.
Listing by season, of Eloise Butler's plantings in 1914, that were "1st time" plantings according to her Garden Log.
Eloise brought into the Garden a number of plants that are not listed today on the Garden census. Many of these were native to Minnesota and a few were not. Here is a listing of most of those plants introduced this year to the Garden for the first time - the common and botanical names listed first are names she used followed by other common names for the same plant and the newer botanical classifications, if any; then follows her source for the material. 1914 is the first year the following list of plants occur in her log. Most are shown in the photos. The inclusion of "(M.C.)" indicates a plant that was still present at the time of Martha Crone's 1951 Garden Census - except for grasses and sedges which Crone did not catalog. "Native" indicates the plant is considered native to Minnesota or if introduced, long established. "Extant" indicates the plant is present in the Garden today. Botanical classification: Over the years Botanists have reclassified many plants from the classifications in use at the time Eloise Butler wrote her Garden Log or when Martha Crone prepared her census. I have retained the nomenclature that Eloise Butler or Martha Crone used and then provided the more current classification based on the latest published information from Flora of North America (Ref. #W7) and the Annotated Checklist of the Vascular Flora of Minnesota. (Ref. #28c)
Photos shown below are a mix of early plantings that are not present today and of plants still extant. Click the name link in the list for photos and information of those plants most of which are still extant.
Agoseris - no species given. Native. Montevideo, MN.
Blanketflower, Great-flowered Gaillardia, (M.C.), Gaillardia aristata, Charlotte, Vermont. Native. [Bloomed on June 28 and planted again on Sept. 29. from Mrs. Healy's (her former pupil) Garden at 1800 Humbolt Ave.]
Brittle Prickly Pear, (M.C.), Opuntia fragilis. Boulder Colorado, Native [Planted again on August 5 from local source]
Golden Corydalis, Scrambled Eggs, (M.C.). Corydalis aurea. Fort Snelling. Native [planted again in October from Mendota
Pale Smartweed, Nodding Smartweed, Dock-leaved Smartweed, Curly-top Knotweed, (M.C.). Polygonum lapathifolium (Persicaria lapathifolis). Western Ave - near Glenwood Park. Native.
Pale Evening Primrose, Oenothera Pallida. She reported getting it from Brownie's Pond in Glenwood Park, but this species is not native anywhere near Minnesota. Not sure what was planted - no photo
Purple Rattlesnake Root, Glaucous Rattlesnake Root, (M.C.), Prenanthes racemosa. Mahtomedi, MN. Native (planted again in the fall).
Prairie Flameflower, Talinum teretifolium. Osceola, WI. and then from Montevideo, MN. - this species she listed is Quill Flameflower, not native to anywhere near Minnesota, but she may have obtained Talinum parviflorum (now Phemeranthus parviflorus) Prairie Flameflower, which is native to the Montevideo area.