Friends of the Wild Flower Garden Supporting the Eloise Butler Wildflower Garden and Bird Sanctuary The oldest public wildflower garden in the United States.
Listing by season, of Eloise Butler's plantings in 1913, that were "1st time" plantings according to her Garden Log.
Eloise brought into the Garden a number of plants that are not listed today on the Garden census. Many of these were native to Minnesota and a few were not. Here is a listing of most of those plants introduced this year to the Garden for the first time - the common and botanical names listed first are names she used followed by other common names for the same plant and the newer botanical classifications, if any; then follows her source for the material. 1913 is the first year the following list of plants occur in her log. Most are shown in the photos. The inclusion of "(M.C.)" indicates a plant that was still present at the time of Martha Crone's 1951 Garden Census - except for grasses and sedges which Crone did not catalog. "Native" indicates the plant is considered native to Minnesota or if introduced, long established. "Extant" indicates the plant is present in the Garden today. Botanical classification: Over the years Botanists have reclassified many plants from the classifications in use at the time Eloise Butler wrote her Garden Log or when Martha Crone prepared her census. I have retained the nomenclature that Eloise Butler or Martha Crone used and then provided the more current classification based on the latest published information from Flora of North America (Ref. #W7) and the Annotated Checklist of the Vascular Flora of Minnesota. (Ref. #28c)
Photos shown below are a mix of early plantings that are not present today and of plants still extant. Click the name link in the list for photos and information of those plants most of which are still extant.
American Alumroot, (M.C.) (Heuchera hispida, now Heuchera americana L. var. hispida (Pursh) E.F. Wells), from Kelsey’s Nursery, North Carolina. Not Native. Extant
Apple Moss (Bartramia pomiformis Hedw. ) from Franklin MA. Native status not known.
Bootts Wood Fern (Aspidium bootii, now Dryopteris X boottii (Tuck.) Underw. (pro sp.)) from Kelsey’s. Native
Carolina Anemone (M.C.) (Anemone caroliniana Walter ) from Hastings Nebraska. Native
Common Bladderwort, (M.C.), (Utricularia vulgaris -now - Utricularia macrorhiza Leconte) from Mahtomedi, MN. Native.
Fairy Slipper Orchid, (M.C.), (Calypso bulbosa (L.) Oakes ) from Mr. Chase, Boulder Colorado. Native
Horsefly Weed (Yellow wild Indigo), (Baptisia tinctoria (L.) R. Br.) from Kelsey’s. Native.
Russet Buffaloberry, (Shepherdia canadensis (L.) Nutt.) from Park Board Nursery Minneaoilis. Native.
Missouri Violet (Sand Violet), (M.C.), (Viola missouriensis - probably Viola affinis Leconte) This violet was not purposely planted but noticed when it bloomed and Eloise noted that it was probably brought in with the sod that accompanied the Cuckoo Flower that she planted in 1912. Those plants came from Gillett’s in North Carolina where the Sand Violet does grow. A current synonym for the Sand Violet is V. missouriensis Green. Neither plant is currently listed as resident in our state on the DNR Plant Checklist or on the U of M Minnesota Comprehensively Annotated Checklist of the Flora of Minnesota
Shining Bedstraw (M.C.) (Galium concinnum Torr. & A. Gray ) from Minnehaha Park, Mpls. Native. Extant
Pennsylvania Catchfly (Silene pennsylvanica -now- Silene caroliniana Walter ssp. pensylvanica (Michx.) R.T. Clausen ) from Gillett’s Nursery, MA. Not native
Prairie Trillium, (M.C.) (Trillium recurvatum Beck), from Gillett's Nursery. Not Native. Extant. photo
Rattlesnake Mannagrass (Glyceria canadensis (Michx.) Trin.), from the Quaking Bog, Glenwood Park. Native. Photo
Rattlesnake Weed (Hieracium venosum L.) from Kelsey’s Nursery, North Carolina. Not native
Stiff Aster(Flaxleaf whitetop aster) (Aster linariifolius -now- Ionactis linariifolius (L.) Greene) from Gillett’s Nursery, MA. Not native. Photo.
Boreal Bog Orchid (Scentbottle) (Habenaria dilatata -now- Platanthera dilatata (Pursh) Lindl. ex Beck var. dilatata) from Gillett’s Nursery, MA. Native. Photo.
Trailing Euonymus (Euonymus fortunei), from Logansport, Indiana. Not Native and invasive
Virginia Rose (Rosa virginiana Mill.), from Gillett’s Nursery, MA. Not native. Photo
Western Blue Virgin’s Bower (M.C.) (Clematis verticillaris -now- Clematis occidentalis (Hornem.) DC. var. occidentalis) from Solon Springs WI. Native This is a rare plant - rare in her day and rare today - not known in any metro county.
Zig-Zag Spiderwort (Tradescantia pilosa -now- Tradescantia subaspera Ker Gawl. var. subaspera ) from Kelsey’s Nursery, North Carolina. Not native. Photo