Friends of the Wild Flower Garden
Supporting the Eloise Butler Wildflower Garden and Bird Sanctuary
The oldest public wildflower garden in the United States.

Listing by season, of Eloise Butler's plantings in 1913, that were "1st time" plantings according to her Garden Log.

Eloise brought into the Garden a number of plants that are not listed today on the Garden census. Many of these were native to Minnesota and a few were not. Here is a listing of most of those plants introduced this year to the Garden for the first time - the common and botanical names listed first are names she used followed by other common names for the same plant and the newer botanical classifications, if any; then follows her source for the material. 1913 is the first year the following list of plants occur in her log. Most are shown in the photos. The inclusion of "(M.C.)" indicates a plant that was still present at the time of Martha Crone's 1951 Garden Census - except for grasses and sedges which Crone did not catalog. "Native" indicates the plant is considered native to Minnesota or if introduced, long established. "Extant" indicates the plant is present in the Garden today. Botanical classification: Over the years Botanists have reclassified many plants from the classifications in use at the time Eloise Butler wrote her Garden Log or when Martha Crone prepared her census. I have retained the nomenclature that Eloise Butler or Martha Crone used and then provided the more current classification based on the latest published information from Flora of North America (Ref. #W7) and the Annotated Checklist of the Vascular Flora of Minnesota. (Ref. #28c)

Spring 1913.

Photos shown below are a mix of early plantings that are not present today and of plants still extant. Click the name link in the list for photos and information of those plants most of which are still extant.

Fairy Slipper Orchid
Fairy Slipper Orchid, (Calypso bulbosa ) Photo ©James Sime,Wisconsin Flora.
Smooth Phlox
Smooth Phlox, (Phlox glaberrima). Photo ©Margery Melgaard, Wisconsin Flora.
Indian Hemp
Prairie Dogbane (Apocynum cannabinum ). Photo ©G D Bebeau
American Alumroot
American Alumroot, (Heuchera americana). Photo ©G D Bebeau
Carolina Anemone
Carolina Anemone, (Anemone caroliniana). Photo ©Kitty Kohout, Wisconsin Flora.
Common Bladderwort
Common Bladderwort (Utricularia macrorhiza) Photo ©Al Schneider, USDA-NRCS Plants database
Horsefly Weed (Baptisia tinctoria ) Photo ©G D Bebeau
Narrow-leaf Cattail
Narrowleaf Cattail (Typha angustifolia) Photo ©G D Bebeau
Russet Buffaloberry
Russet Buffaloberry(Shepherdia canadensis ) Photo ©Derek Anderson, Wisconsin Flora.
Silky Dogwood
Silky Dogwood, (Cornus obliqua) Photo ©G D Bebeau
Skunk Currant
Skunk Currant (Ribes glandulosum) Photo ©Robert W. Freckmann, Wisconsin Flora.
Three-toothed Cinquefoil
Three-toothed Cinquefoil (Sibbaldiopsis tridentata) Photo ©Merel R. Black, Wisconsin, Flora.
Thymeleaf Speedwell
Thyme-leaf Speedwell, (Veronica serpyllifolia). Photo ©G D Bebeau
Whorled Loosestrife
Whorled Loosestrife, (Lysimachia quadrifolia). Photo ©G D Bebeau
Wreath Goldenrod
Wreath Goldenrod (Solidago caesia). Photo ©David G. Smith, Delaware Wildflowers.

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Summer 1913 Plantings

See explanatory notes at top of page.

Photos shown below are of early plantings that are not present today (Exceptions noted). Click the name link in the list for photos of those plants most of which are still extant.


Yellow Fringed Orchid
Yellow Fringed Orchid (Platanthera ciliaris). Photo ©Jeff McMillian, USDA-NRCS Plants Database
Wild Parsnip
Wild Parsnip (Pastinaca sativa). Photo ©Kitty Kohout, Wisconsin Flora.
Wild Poinsettia
Wild Poinsettia (Euphorbia cyathophora). Photo ©Patrick J. Alexander, USDA-NRCS Plants Database

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Fall 1913 Plantings

See explanatory notes at top of page.

Photos shown below are of early plantings that are not present today (Exceptions noted).

Pearly Everlasting
Pearly Everlasting (Anaphalis margaritacea). Photo ©G D Bebeau
Virginia Rose
Virginia Rose (Rosa virginiana). Photo ©Jim Stasz, USDA-NRCS Plants Database.
Boreal Bog Orchid
Boreal Bog Orchid (Platanthera dilatata). Photo ©Christopher Noll, Freckmann Herbarium, Wisconsin Flora.
Bog Labrador Tea
Bog Labrador Tea (Ledum groenlandicum). Photo ©Merel R. Black, Wisconsin Flora.
Zigzag Spiderwort
Zigzag Spiderwort (Tradescantia subaspera). ©J S Peterson USDA-NRCS Plants Database.
Rattlesnake Mannagrass
Rattlesnake Mannagrass (Glyceria canadensis). Photo ©Steve Garske, Wisconsin Flora.
Hairy Four O'Clock
Hairy Four O'clock (Mirabilis hirsuta) Photo ©Matthew Wagner, Wisconsin Flora.
Stiff Aster
Stiff Aster (Ionactis linariifolius). Photo ©Merel R. Black, Wisconsin Flora.
Marsh St. Johnswort
Marsh St. Johnswort (Triadenum fraseri). Photo ©Nelson DeBarros, USDA-NRCS Plants Database
Prairie Trillium
Prairie Trillium (Trillium recurvatum). Photo ©G D Bebeau

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