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Spring Flowers of Eloise Butler Wildflower Garden

Presented by The Friends of the Wild Flower Garden


Dutchman's Breeches

Thumbnails of many early spring flowering plants - April to early May. Alternate common names for plant are shown in ( ), woody plants designated by "*". Timing of early spring bloom can vary a much as 3 to 4 weeks depending on each year's weather pattern. Plant names with web links lead to a separate page of plant information and photos on that plant.
Printable PDF File in Scientific Name Order within Color


White, whitish, whitish-green flowers

Bladdernut
American Bladdernut*
Staphylea trifolia
Asparagus
Asparagus
Asparagus officinalis
Red Baneberry
Red Baneberry
Flowers in domed cluster
Actaea rubra
Red Baneberry leaf
Baneberry leaf
Much the same on both species.
White Baneberry
White Baneberry
Flowers in pyramidal cluster
Actaea pachypoda
Bittercress
Bittercress
(Pennsylvania Bitter Cress)
Cardamine pensylvanica
Bloodroot
Bloodroot
Sanguinaria canadensis
Blunt-leaved Sandwort
Blunt-leaved Sandwort
Moehringia lateriflora
Blunt-leaved Sandwort leat
Blunt-leaved Sandwort
Leaf - oblong, blunt tip, no stalk, less than 1” long, fine hair.
Canada Violet
Canada Violet
Yellow tinting at petal base
Viola canadensis
Chokecherry
Chokecherry*
Prunus virginiana
Chokecherry leaf
Chokecherry*
Leaf- Oval, fine teeth, pale under, small glands on leaf stalk.
Cleavers
Cleavers
(Stickywilly)
Galium aparine
Cleavers Leaf
Cleavers -leaf
(Stickywilly)
Weak stems, few branches, fine clinging hooks, flowers in leaf axils. Leaves whorl 6
European Cranberrybush
European Cranberrybush*
Viburnum opulus
European Cranberry leaf
European Cranberrybush*
Leaf 3-lobed, with a few coarse teeth, small unstalked glands on leaf stalk. Flowers similar to Highbush Cranberry.
Thumbnail
Highbush Cranberry*
(American Cranberrybush
)
Viburnum opulus var. americanum
(Moist area plant)
Highbush cranberry leaf
Highbush Cranberry*

Leaf 3-lobed, coarse teeth, small stalked glands on leaf stalk. Flowers similar to European Cranberry.
Dame's Rocket White flower
Dame's Rocket-white
(Sweet Rocket)

Hesperis matronalis
Red Osier dogwood
Red Osier Dogwood*
(Stems red Fall to Spring.)
Cornus sericea
Downy Juneberry
Downy Juneberry*
Amelanchier arborea
Downy Juneberry leaf
Downy Juneberry*
Leaf has fine teeth, bronze and hairy at flowering time, pointed tip.
Dutchman's Breeches
Dutchman's Breeches
Dicentra cucullaria
Elderberry
Red Elderberry
Sambucus racemosa
Elderberry leaf
Red Elderberry
Flower clusteer domed, leaf with 5 - 7 leaflets, serrate edges. Leaves appear with the flowers.
False Solomon's Seal
False Solomon's Seal
Maianthemum racemosum
False Solomon's Seal plant section
False Solomon's Seal
Top section of plant. Flowers at tip
False Rue-anemone
False Rue Anemone
Enemion biternatum
Field Pussytoes
Field Pussytoes
Antennaria neglecta
Foam Flower
Foamflower
(Heartleaf Foamflower)

Tiarella cordifolia
Foamflower Plant
Foamflower
Leaves all basal, heart-shape base, 5 to 7 lobes, stalks have glandular hair.
Garlic Mustard
Garlic Mustard
Alliaria petiolata
Garlic Mustard leaf
Garlic Mustard
Leaves with heart-shape base, coarse teeth.
Sharp-lobed Hepatica
Hepatica
flowers the same, leaves different
Sharpleaf hepatica
Sharp-lobed Hepatica
Anemone acutiloba (Hepatica acutiloba)
Roundleaf Hepatica
Round-lobed Hepatica
Anemone americana (Hepatica triloba)
Mountain Laurel
Mountain Laurel*
Kalmia latifolia
Mountain Laurel Plant
Mountain Laurel*-plant
Kalmia latifolia
Mouse-ear Chickweed
Mouse-ear Chickweed
Cerastium fontanum
Nannyberry
Nannyberry*
Viburnum lentago
Nannyberry leaf
Nannyberry*
Leaf- egg shape, fine teeth, in opposite pairs, stalks reddish with small wings.
Peppergrass
Peppergrass
Lepidium densiflorum
Smooth Rockcress
Smooth Rockcress
Boechera laevigata [Arabis laevigata]
Virginia Strawberry
Virginia Strawberry
Fragaria virginiana
Virginia Strawberry leaf
Strawberry - Virginia: Flower stalk shorter than leaves. Leaflets stalked. Tip tooth shorter
Woodland Strawberry
Woodland Strawberry
Fragaria vesca
Woodland Strawberry leaf
Strawberry - Woodland: Flower stalk above leaves. Leaflets often stalkless. Tip tooth broad.
Tatarian Honeysuckle
Tatarian Honeysuckle*
(flowers white to pink)
Lonicera tatarica
Cut-leaf Toothwort
Cut-leaved Toothwort
Cardamine concatenata
Cut-leaved Toothwort leaf
Cut-leaved Toothwort
Stem leaves divided into 3 deeply lobed toothed leaflets such that they appear to be 5 lobed leaflets.
Two-leaved Toothwort
Two-leaved Toothwort
Cardamine diphylla
Two-leaved Toothwort
Two-leaved Toothwort
Stems have two leaf stalks, opposite, leaves with 3 lobes, not so deeply cut.
Drooping Trillium
Drooping Trillium
(Nodding Wakerobin)

Trillium flexipes
Large Flowered Trillium
Large-flowered Trillium
(White Trillium)

Trillium grandiflorum
Noddding Trillium
Nodding Trillium
Trillium cernuum L
Snow Trillium
Snow Trillium
Trillium nivale
Twinleaf
Twinleaf
Jeffersonia diphylla
Twoleaf Miterwort
Twoleaf Mitrewort
(Bishop's Cap)

Mitella diphylla
Twoleaf Miterwort
Twoleaf Mitrewort
(Bishop's Cap)

Single pair of almost stalkless 3 to 5 lobed leaves at mid stem
White Trout-lily
White Trout Lily
(White Fawn Lily)

Erythronium albidum
Wild Calla
Wild Calla
(Water Arum)

Calla palustris
American Plum
Wild Plum*
(American Plum)

Prunus americana
Wood Anemone
Wood Anemone
Anemone quinquefolia


Yellow and yellowish flowers

Yellow Violet
Downy Yellow Violet
Viola pubescens
Leatherwood
Eastern Leatherwood*
Dirca palustris
Golden Alexanders
Golden Alexanders
(Golden Zizia)

Zizia aurea
Hooked Crowfoot
Hooked Crowfoot
(Blisterwort)

Ranunculus recurvatus
Hooked Crowfoot Leaf
Hooked Crowfoot
Lower stem leaf
Ranunculus recurvatus
Kidneyleaf Buttercup
Kidneyleaf Buttercup
Littleleaf Buttercup

Ranunculus abortivus
Basal leaf
Kidneyleaf Buttercup
Littleleaf Buttercup

Unique basal leaves
Large-flowered Bellwort
Large-flowered Bellwort
Uvularia grandiflora
Marsh Marigold
Marsh Marigold
(Cowslip)

Caltha palustris
Swamp Buttercup
Swamp Buttercup
(Hispid Buttercup)

Ranunculus hispidus var. nitidus
Swamp Buttercup Leaf
Swamp Buttercup
Basal leaf - the largest, 3 parts, each part divided. Upper leaves more simple
Wood Poppy
Wood Poppy
Stylophorum diphyllum
Yellow Trout-lily
Yellow Trout Lily
(Dogtooth Violet)

Erythronium americanum


Yellow-green flowers

American Black Current
American Black Currant*
(Wild Black Currant)

Ribes americanum
American Black Currant Leaf
American Black Currant*
(Wild Black Currant)
Leaf- 3 to 5 toothed lobes, main veins from base. Underside with visible yellow glands.
Carrion Flower
Carrion Flower
Erect, Smilax ecirrhata and Common, S. lasioneura.
Common Carrion Flower
Carrion Flower - Common
climbing no prickles, ball like umbel on long stalk from leaf axils.
Carrion Flower Vine
Carrion Flower - Upright
No prickles, ball like umbel from stem bracts below leaves.
Common Buckthorn
Common Buckthorn*
Rhamnus cathartica
Common Buckthorn leaf
Common Buckthorn
Common Buckthorn leaf - marginal teeth.
Early Meadow Rue
Early Meadow Rue
Thalictrum dioicum
Veiny Meadow Rue
Veiny Meadow Rue
Thalictrum venulosum
Veiny Meadow Rue leaf
Veiny Meadow Rue
Leaves of Early & Veiny similar. Early-flower anthers yellowish, Veiny-more purplish.
Garden Currant
Garden Currant*
Ribes rubrum
Prickly Ash
Prickly-Ash*
Zanthoxylum americanum
fragrant sumac
Fragrant Sumac*
Rhus aromatica
fragrant Sumac Leaf
Fragrant Sumac* Leaf
Rhus aromatica
Sweet Fern
Sweet Fern*
Comptonia peregrina
Sweet Fern plant
Sweet Fern*
Top of Plant
Yellow Trillium
Yellow Trillium
(Yellow Wakerobin)

Trillium luteum


Green and greenish flowers

Swamp Saxifrage
Eastern Swamp Saxifrage
Micranthes pensylvanica [Saxifraga pensylvanica]
Swamp Saxifrage Plant
Eastern Swamp Saxifrage
Hairy lance-shape leaves all basal. Flower stalk with glandular hair, up to 3 feet high.
Jack-in-pulpit
Jack-in-the-pulpit
Arisaema triphyllum
Skunk Cabbage
Skunk Cabbage -early, before leaf-out
Symplocarpus foetidus
Skunk Cabbage
Skunk Cabbage during leaf-out
Symplocarpus foetidus


Blue, bluish and bluish-pink flowers

Blue Squill
Blue Squill
Scilla siberica
Common Blue violet
Common Blue Violet
Viola sororia
Running Myrtle
Common Periwinkle
(Running Myrtle)

Vinca Minor
Jacob's Ladder
Jacob's Ladder
(Greek Valerian)

Polemonium reptans
Jacob's Ladder leaf
Jacob's Ladder
Plant under 20 inches high, leaf- 7-17 leaflets, smooth edges, frequently reclining.
Virginia Bluebells
Virginia Bluebells
Mertensia virginica
Virginia Waterleaf
Virginia Waterleaf
(Eastern Waterleaf)

Hydrophyllum virginianum
Wild Blue Phlox
Wild Blue Phlox
Phlox divaricata
Blue Cohosh
Blue Cohosh
Caulophyllum thalictroides
Blue Cohosh leaf
Blue Cohosh
Leaf - 3 to 4 3-parted sections, each section with 3 parts (27 leaflets per leaf)


Pinkish, rosy, and purplish flowers

Fumewort
Fumewort
(Spring Fumewort)

Corydalis solida
Purple Trillium
Purple Trillium
Trillium erectum
Red Trillium
Red Trillium
(Furrowed Wakerobin)
Trillium sulcatum
Sweet Betsy
Sweet Betsy
Trillium cuneatum
Toadshade
Toadshade
Trillium sessile
sweet betsy leaf
Toadshade &
Sweet Betsy
Similar. No leaf stalks T-shade has to 3” leaf & 1.5” flower, Betsy to 6” and 3”
Prairie Trillium
Prairie Trillium
Trillium recurvatum
Wild Geranium
Wild Geranium
(Spotted Geranium)

Geranium maculatum
Climbing Honeysuckle
Climbing Honeysuckle*
(Limber Honeysuckle)
Lonicera dioica
Dame's Rocket
Dame's Rocket
(Sweet Rocket)

Hesperis matronalis
Mn Dwarf Troutlily
Minnesota Dwarf Trout Lily
Erythronium propullans
Rue anemone
Rue Anemone
Thalictrum thalictroides
Shooting Star
Shooting Star
(Pride of Ohio)

Dodecatheon meadia
Wild Ginger
Wild Ginger
(Canadian Wild Ginger)

Asarum canadense
Wild Ginger leaf
Wild Ginger
Leaves - 2 per plant, hairy stalks and underside, up to 6” wide. Stem prostrate.
Wild Oats
Wild Oats
(Sissileleaf Bellwort)

Uvularia sessilifolia
Dark Throat Shooting Star
Darkthroat Shooting Star
Dodecatheon amethystinum


Reddish flowers

Prairie Smoke
Prairie Smoke
(Old Man's Whiskers)

Geum triflorum
Prairie Smoke
Prairie Smoke
(Seed-head stage)
Geum triflorum
Wild Columbine
Wild Columbine
(Red Columbine)

Aquilegia canadensis

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