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Thumbnail photos of Plants
Eloise Butler Wildflower Garden
Alphabetical E to M
By common Name


Other thumbnail selections to choose from:

Thumbnails of flowering plants by Common Name
Thumbnails A to D


Thumbnails E to M

Thumbnails N to S

Thumbnails T to Z

Grasses/Sedges (Sci Name)

Ferns
Thumbnails sorted by color
Spring

Late Spring

Early Summer - all colors
Thumbnails sorted by color
Late Summer

Late Summer Seeds and fruits

Autumn

Autumn Seeds

Botanical classification: In recent years Botanists have reclassified many plants from previous classifications. In some cases consolidating species and varieties and in some cases reclassifying to a different genus. Our prime source is Flora of North America, and in Minnesota the Annotated Checklist of the Vascular Flora of Minnesota. Reference books in print will not reflect these recent updates until revised editions are published. While many plants may be known by a previous botanical name and, in many cases by a variety of common names, we have updated the listings on this website to the newest nomenclature.

*Bloom time: For flowering plants, the approximate time for first blooms; for other plants - when first fully formed or in leaf. Some plants bloom for long periods. " Spring" = April to May 31; "Early Summer" = June 1 to July 15; "Late Summer" = July 16 to August 31; "Autumn" = Sept. 1 to Oct. 31.

Links on the Common name are to a page of photos and plant information.
Historical (once present) and other Minnesota plants not found in the Garden are so noted.

Early Meadow Rue
Early Meadow Rue
Thalictrum dioicum L.
Spring to Early Summer
Eastern Bluestar
Eastern Bluestar (Willow Amsonia)
Amsonia tabernaemontana Walt.
Early Summer
Eastern Daisy Fleabane
Eastern Daisy Fleabane (Annual Fleabane)
Erigeron annuus (L.) Pers.
Late Spring to Fall
Eastern False Rue Anemone -see- False Rue Anemone below
Enemion biternatum Raf.
Spring
Leatherwood
Eastern Leatherwood
Dirca palustris L.
Early Spring
Eastern Prickly Gooseberry
Eastern Prickly Gooseberry
Ribes cynosbati L.
Spring
Eastern Purple coneflower
Eastern Purple Coneflower
Echinacea purpurea (L.) Moench
Early Summer to Autumn
Eastern Swamp Saxifrage
Eastern Swamp Saxifrage
Micranthes pensylvanica (L.) Haw.
former Saxifraga pensylvanica L.
Spring to Early Summer
Eastern Wahoo
Eastern Wahoo
Euonymus atropurpurea Jacq. var. atropurpurea
Late Spring
Elm-leaved Goldenrod
Elm-leaved Goldenrod
Solidago ulmifolia Muhl. ex Willd.
Autumn
Common Elderberry
Elderberry - See Red Elderberry
Sambucus racemosa L.
Spring
Elecampane
Elecampane
- Historical, not extant
Inula helenium L.
Early to Late Summer
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Enchanter's Nightshade
Circaea lutetiana ssp. canadensis (L.) Asch. & Magnus
Early Summer to Early Autumn
European Bellflower
European Bellflower
Campanula rapunculoides L.
Early Summer to Early Autumn
European Cranberry
European Cranberrybush
Viburnum opulus L. var. opulus
Late Spring
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Evening Primrose see:Common Evening Primrose
Oenothera biennis L.
Early Summer to Autumn
Everlasting Pea
Everlasting Pea (Perennial Pea)
Not in the Garden
Lathyrus latifolius L.
Early Summer
False blue Indigo
False Blue Indigo
Baptisia australis (L.) R. Br.
Late Spring - Early summer
False White Indigo
False White Indigo See: White False Indigo
Baptisia alba (L) Vent. var. macrophylla
Early summer
False Dragonhead
False Dragonhead See: Obedient Plant
Physostegia virginiana (L.) Benth.
Late Summer
False Rue-anemone
False Rue Anemone
Enemion biternatum Raf.
Spring
False Solomons Seal
False Solomon's Seal
(Feathery False Lily of the Valley)
Maianthemum racemosum (L.) Link
Spring to Fall Color
feverfew
Feverfew
- not in the Garden
Tanacetum parthenium (L.) Sch.Bip.
Early Summer
Field Bindweed
Field Bindweed
- Historical, not extant
Convolvulus arvensis L.
Early to Late Summer
Field Horsetail
Field Horsetail
Historical - not extant
Equisetum arvense L.
Spring
Field Pennycress
Field Pennycress
Not in the Garden
Thlaspi arvense L.
Late Spring to Early summer
Field Pussytoes
Field Pussytoes
Antennaria neglecta Greene
Spring
Field Sow Thistle
Field Sow Thistle
- Historical Garden Plant - not extant
Convolvulus arvensis L.
Early to Late Summer
Field thistle
Field Thistle
Cirsium discolor (Muhl. ex Willd.) Spreng.
Late Summer
burnweed
Fireweed (Burnweed)
Erechtites hieracifolia (L.) Raf ex DC
Late Summer to Autumn
Fireweed
Fireweed (Great Willowherb)
Epilobium angustifolium L.
[some entities now assign to Chamerion angustifolium (L.) Holub]
Early to Late Summer
Flame Azalea
Flame Azalea
Rhododendron calendulaceum (Michx.) Torr.
Late Spring to Early Summer
Flat-topped Aster
Flat-topped Aster
Doellingeria umbellata (Mill.) var. pubens
Late Summer - autumn
Thimbleberry
Flowering Raspberry (Thimbleberry)
Rubus parviflorus Nutt.
Early summer
Flowering spurge
Flowering Spurge
Euphorbia corollata L.
Late Summer to Autumn
Foamflower
Foamflower (Heartleaf Foamflower)
Tiarella cordifolia L.
Spring to Late summer
Fool's Parsley
Fool's Parsley
- not in the Garden
Aethusa cynapium L.
Late Summer
Forget me not
Forget-Me-Not see: True Forget-me-not
Myosotis scorpioides L.
Late Spring to Autumn
Foxglove Beardtongue
Foxglove Beardtongue
(Talus Slope Penstemon)
Penstemon digitalis Nutt. ex Sims
Late Spring to Early summer
Fragrant Bedstraw
Fragrant Bedstraw (Sweet-scented Bedstraw)
Galium triflorum Michx.
Early Summer
Fragrant False Indigo
Fragrant False Indigo
- Historical, not extant
Amorpha nana Nutt.
Early summer
fragrant sumac
Fragrant Sumac
Rhus aromatica Aiton
Spring to Early Summer
fringed black bindweed
Fringed Black Bindweed
Fallopia cilinodis (Michx.) Holub
(Polygonum cilinode)
Early Summer
Fringeleaf Wild Petunia
Fringeleaf Wild Petunia
Ruellia humilis Nutt.
Late Summer
Fringed Loosestrife
Fringed Loosestrife
Lysimachia ciliata L.
Early to Late Summer
Fumewort
Fumewort
Corydalis solida (L.) Clairv.
Spring
Galax
Galax (Beetleweed)
Galax urceolata (Poir.) Brummitt
Late Spring to Early Summer
Garden Currant
Garden Currant
Ribes rubrum L.
Spring flower - Early and Late Summer Fruit
Garden Valerian
Garden Valerian
Valeriana officinalis L.
Early Summer
Garlic Mustard
Garlic Mustard
Alliaria petiolata (M. Bieb.) Cavara & Grande
Spring to mid-summer, some first-year plants may produce a fall flower stem.
Late Goldenrod
Giant Goldenrod
Solidago gigantea Aiton
Late Summer to Autumn
Giant Ragweed
Giant Ragweed
(not in the Garden)
Ambrosia trifida L. var. trifida
Late Summer
Giant Sunflower
Giant Sunflower (Tall Sunflower)
Helianthus giganteus L.
Mid to late Summer
Glade Mallow
Glade Mallow
Napaea dioica L.
Early to Late Summer
Golden Alexanders
Golden Alexanders (Golden Zizia)
Zizia aurea (L.) W.D.J. Koch
Spring - Early Summer
Thumbnail
Golden Ragwort
Packera aurea (L.) A. Löve & D. Löve
Late spring
Goldenseal
Goldenseal
Hydrastis canadensis L.
Late Spring
Gooseberries: See Eastern Prickly Gooseberry above & Missouri Gooseberry below.
Grass Leaved Goldenrod
Grass-leaved Goldenrod
Euthamia graminifolia (L.) Nutt.
Late Summer to Autumn
Gray-headed Coneflower
Gray-headed Coneflower
Ratibida pinnata (Vent.) Barnhart
Late Summer
Gray Dogwood
Gray Dogwood
Cornus racemosa Lam.
Early Summer
Gray Goldenrod
Gray Goldenrod (Old Field Goldenrod)
Solidago nemoralis Aiton.
Late Summer to Autumn
Great Blue Lobelia
Great Blue Lobelia
Lobelia siphilitica L.
Autumn
Great Burdock - see Lesser Burdock below
Great Indian Plantain
Great Indian Plantain
Arnoglossum reniforme (Hook.) H. Rob.
Early Summer
Great Solomon's Seal
Great Solomon's Seal & Smooth Solomon's Seal
Polygonatum biflorum (Walter) Elliott var. commutatum
& P. biflorum (Walter) Elliot var biflorum
Late Spring to Early Summer flowering
Great St. Johnswort
Great St. Johnswort
Hypericum pyramidatum Aiton
not accepted - Hypericum ascyron L.
Early Summer to Late Summer
Yellow Lady's-slipper
Greater Yellow Lady's-slipper (small flowered)
Cypripedium parviflorum Salisb. var. makasin
not extant in Garden)
Late Spring
Greater Yellow Lady's-slipper
Greater Yellow Lady's-slipper (large flowered)
Cypripedium parviflorum Salisb. var. pubescens (Willd.) Knight
Late Spring
Foxglove
Grecian Foxglove
Digitalis Lanata Ehrh.
Early Summer - new plants in the Autumn
Greek Valerian see Jacob's Ladder below
Late Spring - Early Summer
Green Bulrush
Green Bulrush
Scirpus atrovirens Willd.
Late Summer
Goldenglow
Green-headed Coneflower
Rudbeckia laciniata L.
Late Summer to Early Autumn
Creeping Charlie
Ground Ivy (Creeping Charlie)
Glechoma hederacea L.
Late Spring to early summer
Groundnut
Groundnut (Wild Bean)
Apios americana Medik.
Late Summer to Early Autumn
Hairy Golden-aster
Hairy Golden-aster
[Historical, not extant]
Heterotheca villosa (Pursh) Shinners
Late Summer
Thumbnail
Hairy Sunflower -see- Stiff-haired Sunflower
Helianthus hirsutus Raf.
Late Summer to Early Autumn
Hairy Vetch
Hairy Vetch
- not in the Garden
Vicia villosa Roth
Early Summer
Thumbnail image
Hairy Wood Mint
Blephilia hirsuta (Pursh) Benth.
Early Summer
Harebell
Harebell
Campanula rotundifolia L.
Early to Late Summer
Hawthorn
Hawthorn
Crataegus chrysocarpa Ashe
Spring flowering
Heal all
Heal-all (Self Heal)
Prunella vulgaris L. subsp. lanceolata
Late Summer
Heartleaf Foamflower -see- Foamflower above
Heart-leaved Aster
Heart-leaved Aster
(Common Blue Wood Aster)
Symphyotrichum cordifolium (L.) G.L. Nesom
Late Summer
Heartleaf four O'clock
Heart-leaved Four O'clock
Mirabilis nyctaginea (Michx.) MacMill.
Early Summer
White Heath Aster
Heath Aster - see - White Heath Aster
Symphyotrichum ericoides (L.)
Late Summer to Autumn
Hedge Bindweed
Hedge Bindweed (Wild Morning Glory)
Calystegia sepium (L.) R. Br.
Early to Late Summer
Helleborine
Helleborine (Broad-leaved Helleborine)
Epipactis helleborine (L.) Crantz
Late Summer
Hepatica
Hepaticas - Sharp-lobed and Round-lobed
Anemone acutiloba (DC) G.Lawson and
Anemone americana (DC) H.Hara
Early Spring
American Highbush Cranberry
Highbush Cranberry (American Cranberrybush)
Viburnum opulus L. var. americanum Aiton.
Spring
Hoary Alyssum
Hoary Alyssum
Berteroa incana (L.) DC.
Early to Late Summer
Hoary Wood Mint - See Hairy Wood Mint above
Hoary Vervain
Hoary Vervain
Verbena stricta L.
Early Summer to Autumn
hog peanut
Hog Peanut
Amphicarpaea bracteata (L.) Fernald.
Late Summer to Autumn
Hooked Crowfoot
Hooked Crowfoot (Blisterwort)
(Hooked buttercup)
Ranunculus recurvatus Poir.
Spring to Early summer
Ironwood
Hophornbeam (Ironwood)
Ostrya virginiana (Mill.) Koch
Spring flower. Late Summer Seed pod shown
Horse Gentian
Horse Gentian (Late Horse Gentian)
Triosteum perfoliatum L.
Late Spring to Early Summer Flowers; berries to Autumn
Horseflyweed
Horseflyweed (Small Yellow Wild Indigo)
Baptisia tinctoria (L.) R.Br.
Early Summer to Late Summer
Indian Hemp
Indianhemp -see- Prairie Dogbane
Apocynum cannabinum L.
Early Summer
Ironweed
Ironweed (Prairie Ironweed)
Vernonia fasciculata Michx.
Late Summer to Autumn
Ironwood, see Hophornbeam above
Jack-in-pulpit
Jack-in-the-pulpit
Arisaema triphyllum (L.) Schott
Spring to Early Summer
Greek Valerian
Jacob's Ladder
(Greek Valerian, Spreading Jacob's Ladder)
Polemonium reptans L.
Spring to Early Summer
Japanese Hedge Parsley
Japanese Hedge Parsley
- Not in the Garden
Torilis japonica (Houtt.) DC.
Early to Late Summer
Japanese Knotweed
Japanese Knotweed
Fallopia japonica (Houtt.) Ronse Decraene var. japonica
Late Summer
jerusalem artichoke
Jerusalem Artichoke
Helianthus tuberosus L.
Late Summer to Autumn
Jeweelweed
Jewelweed (Spotted Touch-me-not)
Impatiens capensis Meerb.
Late Summer to Autumn
Joe-Pye Weeds see -
Spotted Joe-Pye Weed
Sweet Scented Joe-Pye Weed
Kentucky Coffeetree flower
Kentucky Coffeetree
Gymnocladus dioicus (L.) K. Koch
Spring flower, fall and winter seed pods.
Kidneyleaf Buttercup
Kidneyleaf Buttercup
(Littleleaf Buttercup, Small-flowered Buttercup)
Ranunculus abortivus L.
Spring to Early Summer
King of the Meadow
King of the Meadow -see: Tall Meadow Rue
Thalictrum dasycarpum Fisch & Ave-Lall.
Early to Late Summer
Lance-leaf Figwort
Lanceleaf Figwort
Scrophularia lanceolata Pursh.
Late Spring to Late Summer
Large Flowered Bellwort
Large flowered Bellwort
Uvularia grandiflora Sm.
Spring
Large Flowered Trillium
Large-flowered Trillium (White Trillium)
Trillium grandiflorum (Michx) Salisb.
Spring
Large-headed blazing star
Large-headed Blazing Star
(Rocky Mountain Blazing Star)
Liatris ligulistylis (A. Nels) K. Schum.
Late Summer to Autumn
Bigleaf Aster
Large-leaved Aster -see- Bigleaf Aster
Eurybia macrophylla L. Cass.
Late Summer to Autumn
Late Goldenrod
Late Goldenrod
Solidago altissima L.
Late Summer to Autumn
Lawn Prunella
Lawn Prunella
[Not in the Garden]
Prunella vulgaris L. subsp. vulgaris
Early to Late Summer
Leadplant
Leadplant
Amorpha canescens Pursh
Early to Late Summer
Leafy Spurge
Leafy Spurge
Euphorbia esula L.
Late Spring to Summer
Leatherwood, see Eastern Leatherwood above.
Lesser Burdock
Lesser Burdock & Greater Burdock
Arctium minus Bernh. &
Arctium lappa L.
Early Summer to Autumn
Lesser Daisy Fleabane
Lesser Daisy Fleabane
Erigeron strigosus Muhl. ex Willd.
Late Spring to Autumn
Lesser Duckweed
Lesser Duckweed
Lemna minor L.
Early Summer to Fall
Lesser Purple Fringed Orchid
Lesser Purple Fringed Orchid
(Historic - not extant)
Platanthera psycodes (L.) Lindl.
Late Summer
Littleleaf Buttercup -see: Kidneyleaf Buttercup above
Ranunculus abortivus L.
Live Forever
Live Forever; (Witch's Moneybags)
Hylotelephium telephium (L.) H. Ohba.
Late Summer to Early Autumn
Thumbnail
Long-headed Coneflower (Prairie Coneflower)
Ratibida columnifera (Nutt.) Woot. & Standl.
Early to Late Summer
Long-leaved Bluet
Long-leaved Bluet
[Historical, not extant]
Hedyotis longifolia (Gaertn.) Hook
Early to Late Summer
Long-leaved Chickweed
Long-leaved Chickweed (Water Chickweed, Long-leaved Stichwort)
Stellaria longifolia Muhl. ex Willd.
Early Summer to Late Summer
American Lopseed
Lopseed (American)
Phryma leptostachya L.
Late Summer
Maltese Cross
Maltese Cross
(Historical Plant - Not extant)
Lychnis chalcedonica L.
Early Summer
Many flowered Aster
Many-flowered Aster -see- White Heath Aster
Symphyotrichum ericoides (L.)
Late Summer to Autumn
Marsh Hedge-nettle
Marsh Hedge-nettle
- Historical, not extant
Stachys palustris L.
Early Summer
Purple Marshlocks
Marsh Cinquefoil (Purple Marshlocks)
- Historical, not extant
Comarum palustre L.
Early Summer
Marsh Marigold
Marsh Marigold (Yellow Marsh Marigold) (Cowslip)
Caltha palustris L.
Spring
Marsh Pea
Marsh Pea
Not in the Garden
Lathyrus palustris L.
Early Summer
Mayapple
May Apple
Podophyllum peltatum L.
Spring
dog fennel
Mayweed (Dog Fennel)
Anthemis cotula L.
[Not in the Garden]
Early Summer to Autumn
Meadow Evening Sundrops
Meadow Evening Primrose -see- Prairie Sundrops
Oenothera pilosella Raf.
Early to Late Summer
Meadow Goatsbeard
Meadow Goatsbeard
Tragopogon pratensis L.
[Old - Tragopogon lamottei Rouy]
Late Spring to Early Summer
Meadowsweet
Meadowsweet (Narrowleaf Meadowsweet
Spiraea alba DuRoi.
Mid to Late Summer
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Michigan Lily
Lilium michiganense L.
Early to Late Summer
Minnesota Dwarf Trout Lily
Minnesota Dwarf Trout Lily
Erythronium propullans A. Gray
Spring
Missouri Gooseberry
Missouri Gooseberry
Ribes missouriense Nutt.
Late Spring
Thumbnail
Mitrewort see Twoleaf Mitrewort
Mitella diphylla L.
Mid-Spring to Early Summer
Mock Orange
Mock Orange
Philadelphus sp.
Late Spring
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Moneywort (Creeping Jenny)
Lysimachia nummularia L.
Early summer
Monkey Flower
Monkey Flower
Mimulus ringens L. var. ringens
Latesummer
Monkshood
Monkshood [No longer extant]
Aconitum napellus L.
Late Summer to Autumn
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Moonseed: See Common Moonseed
Menispermum canadense L.
Late Spring to Early Summer
Motherwort
Motherwort
Leonurus cardiaca L.
Late Summer
Mountain Laurel
Mountain Laurel
Kalmia latifolia L.
Spring. Photo ©Jeff McMillian, USDA-NRCS Plants Database
Thumbnail
Mountain Maple
Acer spicatum Lam.
Spring
Mouse-ear Chickweed
Mouse-ear Chickweed
Cerastium fontanum emend Jalas ssp. vulgare
Spring to Late Summer
Thumbnail
Mullein: See Common Mullein
Verbascum thapsus L.
Early to Late Summer

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