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Late Summer Flowers of Eloise Butler Wildflower Garden

Presented by The Friends of the Wild Flower Garden


Culver root group

Thumbnails of some of the late summer flowering plants you may encounter on a visit - Mid-July to September 1st. This page includes both the Upland and Woodland Gardens. Alternate common names for plant are shown in ( ), woody plants designated by "*". Timing of bloom will vary with each year's weather pattern.
Plant names with web links lead to a separate page of plant information and photos on that plant.
Images are arranged by color and then by common name. Plants listed on our Common and Scientific name list that are not currently found in the Garden are not listed below.
Printable PDF File in Scientific Name Order within Color


White, whitish, whitish-green flowers

Arrowleaf Tearthumb
Arrow-leaved Tearthumb
Persicaria sagittata
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Aster, Flat-topped
Doellingeria umbellata var. pubens
Flat-topped Aster leaf
Aster, Flat-topped
leaf- linear, smooth, no teeth, stem red lower.
Side-flowering Aster
Aster, Side-flowering
(Calico Aster)

Symphyotrichum lateriflorum
Side-flowering Aster leaf
Aster, Side-flowering
Leaves oval to rounded, upper mostly stalkless, lower stalked, few sharp teeth
Side-flowering aster phyllaries
Aster, Side-flowering
Phyllaries - 3 - 4 series, unequal in size, diamond shape tips, sometimes purplish
White Arrowleaf Aster
Aster, White Arrowleaf
Symphyotrichum urophyllum
White Arrowleaf Aster leaf
Aster, White Arrowleaf
Middle leaves arrow shape base, Lower - heart shaped base, often winged stalk
White Arrowleaf aster phyllaries
Aster, White Arrowleaf
Phyllaries - 4 - 6 series, inner tight, outer spreading, tip a grn elongated diamond.
White Heath Aster
Aster, White Heath
(Many-flowered Aster)

Symphyotrichum ericoides
White Heath Aster leaf
Aster, White Heath -leaf
Leaves small, narrow .5 to 1.5” long, rough edge
Aster - White Heath
Pyhllaries - 3-4 series, overlapping, unequal size, spade-like tips, hairy.
White Panicle Aster
Aster, White Panicle
Symphyotrichum lanceolatum
White Panicle aster leaf
Aster, White Panicle
Leaf - linear, smooth, stalkless. Dead leaves curled up
White Panicle Aster Phyllaries
Aster, White Panicle
Phyllaries - 2-4 series, linear, outer 1/3 to 1/2 length of inner, dk green center stripes
White Wood Aster
Aster, White Wood
Eurybia divaricata
White Wood Aster leaf
Aster, White Wood
Large, toothed, long stalk, heart base. Flowers in branched cluster.
White Wood Aster Phyllaries
Aster, White Wood
Phyllaries 25-20 in 4 to 5 series, unequal, rounded to pointed, whitish, dk green tips.
Fragrant Bedstraw
Fragrant Bedstraw
Galium triflorum
Fragrant Bedstraw leaf
Fragrant Bedstraw
Leaves whorls of 6, vanilla odor, 3-flower clusters. Stem nodes smooth.
Rough Bedstraw
Rough Bedstraw
Galium asprellum
Rough Bedstaw
Rough Bedstraw Stem
Many branches, stems prickly on the 4 angles, leaves whorl of 6 -rough. Flower cluster much branched.
Shining Bedstraw
Shining Bedstraw
Galium concinnum
Shining Bedstraw leaf
Shining Bedstraw
Leaves whorls of 6, rough edged, sharply pointed, many branches, sprawling
Three-petal Bedstraw
Threepetal Bedstraw
Galium trifidum
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Black Bugbane
Actaea racemosa
Black Nightshade
Black Nightshade
Solanum nigrum
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Boneset
Eupatorium perfoliatum
Boneset leaf
Boneset
Leaf- surrounds stem
Soapwort
Bouncing Bet -white flower
(Soapwort -white flower)

Saponaria officinalis
Soapwort leaf
Bouncing Bet
Leaf - opposite, elongated ovals, smooth, wavy, 3-5 prominent veins.
Broadleaf Arrowhead
Broadleaf Arrowhead
Sagittaria latifolia
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Buttonbush*
Cephalanthus occidentalis
Canada Elderberry
Canada Elderberry*
(American Black Elderberry)

Sambucus nigra ssp. canadensis
Canada Elderberry leaf
Canada Elderberry*
(American Black Elderberry)
Leaf - 5 to 9 leaflets.
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Canada Germander
Teucrium canadense
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Chicory - white flower type
Cichorium intybus
coralberry flower
Coralberry
Symphoricarpos orbiculatus Moench
Coralberry leaf
Coralberry
Leaf- elliptical, wavy edges, short reddish stalks, reddish stem.
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Cow Parsnip
Heracleum maximum
Cow Parsnip Leaf
Cow Parsnip Leaf
3-parted toothed leaflets, forming a sheath at the base
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Culver's Root
(Leaves in a whorl)
Veronicastrum virginicum
Dotted Smartweed
Dotted Smartweed
Polygonum punctatum
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Enchanter's Nightshade
(Broadleaf Enchanter's Nightshade)

Circaea lutetiana ssp. canadensis
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Annual Fleabane
(Eastern Daisy Fleabane)

Erigeron annuus
Daisy Fleabane leaf
Annual Fleabane
(Eastern Daisy Fleabane)

Leaf toothed, not clasping, stem hair standing out
Annual Fleabane Phyllaries
Annual Fleabane
Phyllaries in 2 to 3 series, sparsely hairy, sometimes glandular.
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Lesser Daisy Fleabane
(Prairie Fleabane)
Erigeron strigosus
Lesser Fleabane leaf
Lesser Daisy Fleabane
(Prairie Fleabane)
Leaf- few teeth, not clasping, stem hair close to stem
Lesser Daisy Fleabane Phyllaries
Lesser Daisy Fleabane
(Prairie Fleabane)
Phyllaries in 2 to 4 series with or without fine hair.
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Philadelphia Fleabane
(Common Fleabane)

Erigeron philadelphicus
Common Fleabane leaf
Philadelphia Fleabane
(Common Fleabane)
Upper leaves clasping stem, stem hairy.
Philadelphia Fleabane phyllaries
Philadelphia Fleabane
Phyllaries - 2 to 3 series, with or without fine hair, sometimes glandular
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Flowering Spurge
Euphorbia corollata
Flowering Spurg Leaf
Flowering Spurge - leaves
Main stem unbranched, many flowering branches above the upper stem whorl
Foam flower
Foamflower
(Heartleaf Foamflower)

Tiarella cordifolia
Foamflower Plant
Foamflower
Leaves all basal, heart-shape base, 5 to 7 lobes, stalks have glandular hair.
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Garden Phlox
Phlox paniculata
Biennial Gaura
Biennial Gaura
Gaura biennis
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Hedge Bindweed
Calystegia sepium
Hog Peanut
Hog Peanut
Amphicarpaea bracteata
Mouse-ear Chickweed
Mouse-ear Chickweed
Cerastium fontanum
Long-leaved chickweed
Long-leaved Chickweed
(Water Chickweed)

Stellaria longifolia
long leaf chickweed leaves
Long-leaved Chickweed
(Water chickweed)
Plant section and leaves.
Meadowsweet
Meadowsweet*
(Long-leaved Meadowsweet)

Spiraea alba
Meadowsweet plant
Meadowsweet*
(Long-leaved Meadowsweet)
Top section of shrub, leaves lanceolate, toothed.
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New Jersey Tea*
Ceanothus americanus
Northern Bugleweed
Northern Bugleweed
Lycopus uniflorus
Northern Bugleweed Plant top
Northern Bugleweed
Top section of plant
Northern Water Plantain
Northern Water Plantain
Alisma triviale
Northern Water Plantain leaf
Northern Water Plantain
Leaves all basal, flowers in whorls of 3
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Oxeye Daisy
Leucanthemum vulgare
Peppermint
Peppermint
Mentha aquatica-spicata
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Plain Gentian
(Yellowish Gentian)

Gentiana alba (Gentiana flavida)
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Queen of the Meadow
Filipendula ulmaria
Queen of the Meadow leaf
Queen of the Meadow
Leaf - 2-4 pair of lateral leaflets, terminal leaflet has 3-7 lobes.
Red Osier dogwood
Red Osier Dogwood*
(Stems red Fall to Spring.)
Cornus sericea
Round-headed Bushclover
Round-headed Bushclover
(Round-headed Lespedeza)

Lespedeza capitata
Round-headed Bushclover leaf
Round-headed Bushclover
Leaf-3 parted, pointing upward, dense appressed hairs.
Turtlehead
Turtlehead
(White Turtlehead)

Chelone glabra
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Virgin's Bower
(Stems sprawling)
Clematis virginiana
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Virginia Mountain Mint
Pycnanthemum virginianum
Virginia mountain mint plant
Virginia Mountain Mint
Plant is 1 - 3 feet tall, small opposite lance shape leaves, sweetly aromatic
Virginia Tickseed
Virginia Stickseed
(Beggar's Lice)

Hackelia virginiana
Water Horehound
Water Horehound
Lycopus americanus
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White Prairie Clover
Dalea candida
Prairie sage flower cluster
White Sage
(Prairie Sage)

Artemisia ludoviciana
Prairie Sage
White Sage (Prairie Sage)
Erect, all parts with dense matted white to grayish hair. Leaf - narrow, no teeth.
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White Snakeroot
Ageratina altissima
White Snakeroot plant section
White Snakeroot
Leaves egg shape, stalked, coarsely toothed.
White Clover
White Clover
Trifolium repens L.
White Clover leaf
White Clover
Leaves 3-parted on long stalks. Light colored chevron may not be always visible.
White Sweet Clover
White Sweet Clover
Melilotus alba
White Sweet Clover plant
White Sweet Clover
Plants can be 1 to feet tall, much branched.
Whorled Milkweed
Whorled Milkweed
Asclepias verticillata
Wild Mint
Wild Mint
Mentha arvensis
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Nodding Wild Onion
(open flowers nodding)
Allium cernuum
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Wild Onion
(Open flowers do not nod)
Allium stellatum
Wild Quinine flowers
Wild Quinine
(American Feverfew)

Parthenium integrifolium
Wild Quinine plant
Wild Quinine
Tall plant, leaves lance-shape, flowers in flat-topped clusters.
Wintergreen
Wintergreen
(Eastern Teaberry)
Gaultheria procumbens
Wolfberry
Wolfberry
Symphoricarpos occidentalis Hook.
Wolfberry leaf
Wolfberry
Leaf - smooth, wavy edge, short green stalk, underside blue-green.
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Yarrow
Achillea millefolium

Yellow Flowers

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Soft Agrimony
(Downy Agrimony)

Agrimonia pubescens
Soft Agrimony lower leaf
Soft Agrimony
Lower leaf - 5-13 leaflets, largest at tip, minor leaflets in between. Hairy.
Black Medic
Black Medic
Medicago lupulina
Devils Beggartick
Devil's Beggartick
Bidens frondosa
Devil's Beggartick leaf
Devil's Beggartick
Leaf divided in 3 to 5 lance-shape leaflets, coarsely toothed; upper may be undivided.
Swamp Beggartick
Swamp Beggartick
(Purple-stem Beggartick)

Bidens connata
Swamp Beggartick leaf
Swamp Beggartick
Leaf simple, toothed, lance-shape, some with winged stalks; lower leaves may be 3-cleft.
Black-eyed Susan
Black-eyed Susan
Rudbeckia hirta
Black-eyed Susan leaf
Black-eyed Susan
Stem Leaf - linear to spatula shape, rough white bristly hair, stalkless at top of stem
Black-eyed Susan Phyllaries
Black-eyed Susan
Phyllaries - 2 series, linear, quite long, very hairy, outer ones reflex.
Burnweed
Burnweed
Erechtites hieracifolia
Burnweed plant
Burnweed
top section of plant.
Butter and Eggs
Butter and Eggs
Linaria vulgaris
Rough-fruited Cinquefoil
Rough-fruited Cinquefoil
Potentilla recta
Rough-fruited Cinquefoil leaf
Rough-fruited Cinquefoil
Base leaves of 5-7 leaflets, upper 3 leaflets.
Silver Cinquefoil
Silver Cinquefoil
Potentilla argentea
Silver Cinquefoil Leaves
Silver Cinquefoil
Flower petals same size as sepals. Leaves under silvery from fine hairs.
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Green-headed Coneflower
Rudbeckia laciniata
Green-headed Coneflower leaf
Green-headed Coneflower
lower leaves are pinnately divided into wide lobed leaflets
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Gray-headed Coneflower
Ratibida pinnata
Gray headed Coneflower leaf
Gray-headed Coneflower
larger lower leaves are pinnately divided into 3 to 7 narrow leaflets
Clammy Ground Cherry
Clammy Ground Cherry
Physalis heterophylla
Evening Primrose
Common Evening Primrose
Oenothera biennis
Common Evening Primrose leaf
Common Evening Primrose
Leaves lance-like, slight teeth, edges turn more wavy & darker green with age
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Compass Plant
Silphium laciniatum
Compass Plant basal leaf
Compass Plant
Basal leaf - very large and deeply cleft, upper smaller, some not cleft.
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Cup Plant
(Leaves surround stem forming cup)
Silphium perfoliatum
Dandelion
Common Dandelion
Taraxacum officinale
Dandelion basal leaves
Common Dandelion
Leaves all basal, long, pinnately divided, terminal lobe larger, stalk with wings.
Elm-leaved Goldenrod
Elm-leaved Goldenrod
Solidago ulmifolia
elm-leaved goldenrod leaf
Elm-leaved Goldenrod
leaf- elliptical, coarse teeth, upper stalkless, upper surface rough.
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Grass-leaf Goldenrod
Euthamia graminifolia
Gray Goldenrod
Gray Goldenrod
(Old Field Goldenrod)

Solidago nemoralis
Late Goldenrod
Giant Goldenrod
Solidago gigantea
Stiff goldenrod
Stiff Goldenrod
Oligoneuron rigidum var. rigidum
Riddell's Goldenrod
Riddell's Goldenrod
Solidago riddellii
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Zigzag Goldenrod
Solidago flexicaulis
Canada Goldenrod
Tall Goldenrod
(Late Goldenrod)

Solidago altissima
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Rough Hawkweed
(Canada Hawkweed)

Hieracium umbellatum
Rough Hawkweed
Rough Hawkweed
(Canada Hawkweed)

Flowers- long stalked heads in loose branched clusters. Leaves -a few sharp teeth
Canadian Horseweed
Canadian Horseweed
Conyza canadensis
Canadian Horseweed top of plant
Canadian Horseweed
Top section of plant, much branching, leaves linear & dense.
Narrowleaf Hawksbeard
Narrowleaf Hawksbeard
Crepis tectorum
Narrowleaf Hawksbeard stem
Narrowleaf Hawksbeard
Stems angled, leaves narrow with auricles
Jerusalem artichoke
Jerusalem Artichoke
Helianthus tuberosus
Jerusalem Artichoke leaf
Jerusalem Artichoke
Stout plant. Leaves - upper 2/3rds alternate, rough on top with long winged stalks
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Long-headed Coneflower
(Prairie Coneflower)

Ratibida columnifera
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Fringed Loosestrife
Lysimachia ciliata
Fringed Loosestrife leaf
Fringed Loosestrife
Leaves opposite - not in whorl, lanceolate, fine hair on stem leaf node.
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Whorled Loosestrife
Lysimachia quadrifolia
Whorled Loosestrife leaf
Whorled Loosestrife
Leaves in whorl of 4 or 5
Mullein
Common Mullein
Verbascum thapsus
Northern Bush Honeysuckle
Northern Bush Honeysuckle*
Diervilla lonicera
Common yellow oxalis
Common Yellow Oxalis
Oxalis stricta
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Paleleaf Woodland Sunflower
Helianthus strumosus
Paleleaf Woodland Sunflower leaf
Paleleaf Woodland Sunflower
Leaf- rough, thick, 3 main veins, winged stalk, white hair under.
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Partridge Pea
Chamaecrista fasciculata
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Prairie Dock
(Prairie Rosinweed)

Silphium terebinthinaceum
Prairie Dock
Prairie Dock
(Prairie Rosinweed)
Large arrow-shape basal leaves only. Very tall stems
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Prairie Sundrops
(Meadow Evening Primrose)

Oenothera pilosella
Prairie Sundrops leaf
Prairie Sundrops
Leaves opposite, short stalks, hairy both sides and margins.
Prickly lettuce
Prickly Lettuce
Lactuca serriola
Prickly Lettuce leaf
Prickly Lettuce
Leaf- prickles on edge and under on midrib, clasping auricles
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Wholeleaf Rosinweed)
(Rosin-weed)

Silphium integrifolium
Wholeleaf Rosinweed leaf
Wholeleaf Rosinweed)
(Rosin-weed)

Leaf-opposite, tiny teeth, no stalk
Wild Senna
American Senna
(Wild Senna)

Senna hebecarpa
Wild Senna Plant
American Senna
Large branched plant, leaves- long-stalked with 6 to 10 pairs of leaflets
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Smooth Oxeye
Heliopsis helianthoides var. scraba
Smooth Oxeye leaf
Smooth Oxeye
Stalked flowers from axils of stalked toothed leaves with rough surface hair.
Smooth Oxeye Phyllaries
Phyllaries - 2 series, outer longer, inner broader, usually with fine hair.
Common St. Johnswort
Common St. Johnswort
Hypericum perforatum
Common St. Johnswort plant
Common St. Johnswort
Shrubby branching stems, narrow leaves with dots, flower with 3 styles.
Great St. Johnswort
Great St. Johnswort
Hypericum pyramidatum
Great St. Johnswort
Great St. Johnswort
Erect, 2-5’ tall, flowers 1.5” to 2.3” wide, long stalked and usually solitary.
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Stiff Tickseed
(Stiff Coreopsis)

Coreopsis palmata
Stiff Coreopsis leaf
Stiff Tickseed
Stem stiff; leaf- opposite, stalkless, 3 elongated lobes that divide above the base.
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Stiff-haired Sunflower
(Hairy Sunflower)

Helianthus hirsutus
Stiff-haired sunflower leaf
Stiff-haired Sunflower
(Hairy Sunflower)

Leaves opposite, rounded bases on very short stalks. Flowers few & on thick stalks
Thin-leaved Coneflower
Thin-leaved Coneflower
(Brown-eyed Susan)

Rudbeckia triloba
Thin-leaved Coneflower leaf
Thin-leaved Coneflower
Leaves thin and rough, upper with few teeth, lower 3-lobed and toothed & long stalks.
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Pale Touch-me-not
(Pale Jewelweed)

Impatiens pallida
Spotted touch-me-not
Spotted Touch-me-not
(Spotted Jewelweed)

Impatiens capensis
Wild Lettuce
Wild Lettuce
Lactuca canadensis
Wild Lettuce leaf
Wild Lettuce - leaf
Leaves vary from entire, toothed, to pinnately divided, but edges NOT spiny
Yellow Sweet Clover
Yellow Sweet Clover
Melilotus officinalis
Yellow Sweet Clover leaf
Yellow Sweet Clover
Leaf- 3 parted, middle leaflet on longer stalk. Same leaf as White Sweet Clover
Yellow Wood Sorrel
Yellow Wood Sorrel
Oxalis dillenii

Yellow-green and Greenish flowers

Canadian Milk Vetch
Canadian Milk Vetch
Astragalus canadensis
Dodder
Common Dodder
(Parasitic - no leaves)
Cuscuta gronovii
Tall Meadow Rue
Tall Meadow Rue
(Purple Meadow Rue)

Thalictrum dasycarpum
Tall Meadow Rue
Tall Meadow Rue
(Purple Meadow Rue)

3 to 5’ tall, stem leaves stalkless & hairy beneath & longer than wide.
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Thimbleweed
Anemone cylindrica
Tall Thimbleweed
Tall Thimbleweed
Anemone virginiana
Water Horsetail strobilus
Water Horsetail
Equisetum fluviatile
Waterhorsetail
Water Horsetail
Ancient plant - spore producing strobilus atop unbranched stem.
Wild Yamroot
Wild Yamroot
Dioscorea villosa

Green Flowers

Clearweed
Canadian Clearweed
Pilea pumila
Clearweed leaf
Canadian Clearweed
Only non-stinging nettle. Leaf opposite, long-stalk, coarse teeth, 3 main veins fm base.
Common Ragweed
Common Ragweed
Ambrosia artemisiifolia
Commopn Plantain
Common Plantain
Plantago major L.
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Curly Dock
Rumex crispus
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Stinging Nettle
(California Nettle)

Urtica dioica
Stinging nettle leaf
Stinging Nettle
Leaves opposite, stalked, lance-shape, toothed, underside with stinging hairs.
Wood Nettle
Wood Nettle
(Canadian Wood Nettle)

Laportea canadensis
Wood Nettle Leaf
Wood Nettle
Leaf- alternate, long-stalk, oval. coarse teeth, upper surface crinkled dk green

Blue, bluish-green, bluish-pink and rosy-blue Flowers

Drummond's Aster
Aster - Drummond's
Symphyotrichum drummondii
Drummond's Aster leaf
Aster - Drummond's
Leaves oval to lance-like, hairy underside, rough surface, long winged stalk. Stem upper half hairy.
Drummond's Aster Phyllaries
Aster - Drummond's
Phyllaries in 4 - 5 series, linear, whitish, with dark green slightly spreading tips.
Heart-leaved Aster
Aster - Heart-leaved
(Common Blue Wood Aster)

Symphyotrichum cordifolium
Blue Wood aster leaf
Aster - Heart-leaved
(Common Blue Wood Aster)
Lower leaves- heart shape base, large teeth, upper leaves more oval.
Blue Wood Aster phyllaries
Aster - Heart-leaved
Phyllaries - 4 to 6 series, unequal, linear to oblong, whitish with green diamond stripe
Large Leaved Aster
Aster - Large-leaved
(Bigleaf Aster)

Eurybia macrophylla
Large-leaved aster leaf
Aster, Large-leaved
(Bigleaf Aster)
Basal leaves large, broadly oval, long stalked, heart shape bases
Big leaf aster phyllariies
Aster, Large-leaved
(Bigleaf Aster)
Phyllaries 5-6 series, 32 to 35, overlapping, oft purple tinged, short glandular hair.
Red Stemmed Aster
Aster, Redstem
(Purple-stemmed Aster)

Symphyotrichum puniceum
Red stem aster stem
Aster, Redstem
(Purple-stemmed Aster)

Stem stout, hairy, reddish purple, leaves clasp stem
Redstem Aster phyllaries
Aster, Redstem
(Purple-stemmed Aster)
Phyllaries- 4 to 6 series, whities with long spreading green tips, with/without hair.
Short's Aster
Aster - Short's
Symphyotrichum shortii
Short's Aster leaf
Aster - Short's
Leaves lance-like, lowest the largest, base heart-shaped, usually without teeth.
Short's Aster phyllareis
Aster - Short's
Phyllaries- 4-5 series, appressed, unequal in size, whitish with short dk green pointed tip.
Western Silver Aster
Aster - Western Silver
(Silky Aster)

Symphyotrichum sericeum
Western Silver Aster leaf
Aster - Western Silver
(Silky Aster)
Leaves pale green, silky, silver tint, smooth edges.
Western Silky Aster phyllaries
Aster - Western Silver
Phyllaries - 3-5 series, overlapping, ovate, pale-grn center line, spade-like grn spreading tips
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European Bellflower
(Rampion Bellflower)

Campanula rapunculoides
Tall Bellflower
Tall Bellflower
(American Bellflower)

Campanulastrum americanum
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Chicory - blue flower type
Cichorium intybus
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Bottle Gentian
(Closed Gentian)

Gentiana clausa and Gentiana andrewsii
Downy Gentian
Downy Gentian
Gentiana puberulenta
Harebell
Harebell
Campanula rotundifolia
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Blue Giant Hyssop
(Anise Hyssop)

Agastache foeniculum
Anise Hyssop leaf
Blue Giant Hyssop
Leaf opposite, triangular, upper leaves more narrow. Anise scent when crushed.
Purple Giant Hyssop
Purple Giant Hyssop
Agastache scrophulariifolia
Purple giant hyssop leaf
Purple Giant Hyssop
Leaf- stalked, coarse teeth, uppers more lance-shaped, underside has dense fine hair
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Great Blue Lobelia
(Blue Cardinal Flower)

Lobelia siphilitica
Great Blue Lobelia plant
Great Blue Lobelia
Plant 1-4 feet high, leaves oblong to oval, upper stalkless, no hair
Mad-dog Skullcap
Mad-dog Skullcap
Scutellaria lateriflora
Marsh Skullcap
Marsh Skullcap
Scutellaria galericulata
Marsh Skullcap
Marsh Skullcap -leaf
Flowers mostly solitary from leaf axils. Leaves barely stalked
Monkey Flower
Monkey Flower
Mimulus ringens L. var. ringens
Fringleaf Wild Petunia
Fringeleaf Wild Petunia
Ruellia humilis
Silvery Scurf Pea
Silvery Scurf Pea
Pediomelum argophyllum
Silvery Scurf Pea leaf
Silvery Scurf Pea
Leaf - 3 to 5 leaflets with whitish appressed hair.
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True Forget-me-not
Myosotis scorpioides
Blue Vervain
Blue Vervain
(Swamp Vervain)

Verbena hastata
Blue Vervain leaf
Blue Vervain
Leaf lance-like, coarse teeth, underside with whitish hair, lower leaves have a pair of basal lobes.
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Climbing Nightshade
(Bittersweet Nightshade)

Solanum dulcamara
Climbing Nightshade leaf
Climbing Nightshade
Leaf - 1 large terminal lobe and 2 to 4 smaller lobes. Stalk forms a small wing.
Downy Woodmint
Downy Wood Mint
Blephilia cilata
Downy Wood Mint leaf
Downy Wood Mint
Leaf- upper lance shape, lower ovate, coarse teeth, fine hair on edge and under, aromatic.
Hairy Wood Mint
Hairy Wood Mint
(Hoary Wood Mint)
Blephilia hirsuta
Hairy Wood Mint leaf
Hairy Wood Mint
Leaf - More egg shaped, a few coarse teeth, hairy surfaces and margin, long hair on stem
Northern Willowherb
Northern Willowherb
(American Willowherb)
Epilobium ciliatum
Willowherb
Willowherb
Epilobium coloratum

Purplish and rosy-purple flowers.

Dense Blazing Star
Dense Blazing Star
(Spiked Blazing Star)

Liatris spicata
Dense Blazing Star Phyllaries
Dense Blazing Star
Phyllaries - 4-5 series, unequal, ovate to obling, tips rounded, appressed, green or purple varying with variety.
Large-headed Blazing Star
Large-headed Blazing Star
(Rocky Mt. Blazing Star)

Liatris ligulistylis
Large headed Blazing Star phyllaries
Large-headed Blazing Star
Phyllaries- 4-5 series, unequal, oblong to spatulate, truncate to rounded tips, long stalk
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Northern Blazing Star
(New England Blazing Star)

Liatris scariosa var. novae-angliae
Northern Blazing Star phyllaries
Northern Blazing Star
Phyllaries - 4-5 series, unequal, oblong to ovate, tips rounded & spreading, not recurved, green to purple.
Ontario Blazing Star plant
Ontario Blazing Star
(Cylindrical Blazing Star

Liatris cylindracea
Ontario Blazing Star phyllaries
Ontario Blazing Star
Phyllaries - 5-7 series, outer ovate to inner oblong; varying green to deep purplish
Prairie Blazing Star
Prairie Blazing Star
Liatris pycnostachya
Prairie Blazing star phyllaries
Prairie Blazing Star
Phyllaries - 4-5 series, unequal, oblong, margins slightly translucent, tips pointed & curving to fully recurving.
Rough Blazing Star
Rough Blazing Star
(Rough Gayfeather)

Liatris aspera
Rough Blazing Star phyllaries
Rough Blazing Star
Phyllaries - 4-5 series - outer green & reflexed, - middle rounded tip, uneven edges.
Shaggy Blazing stgar
Shaggy Blazing Star
Liatris pilosa
Shaggy Blazing star phyllaries
Shaggy Blazing Star
Phyllaries- 4-5 series, obling, unequal, irregular shape, margins translucent, tips rounded to pointed.
Hoary Vervain
Hoary Vervain
Verbena stricta
Hoary Vervain leag
Hoary Vervain
Leaf - sharp coarse teeth, short stalk, underside with fine whitish hair.
Ironweed flower
Ironweed
(Prairie Ironweed)

Vernonia fasciculata
Ironweed plant top
Ironweed
Tall stout plant, leaves lance-like with sharp toothed edge, stalkless.
Ironweed phyllaries
Ironweed
Phyllaries - 4-5 series of 25 to 35+, green, like fish scales, inner tips purplish.
Burdock
Lesser Burdock
Arctium minus
Lesser Burdock leaf
Lesser Burdock
Leaf-egg shape, large, lower with heart-shape base, edge wavy. Flowers in tight cluster.
Purple Bergamot
Purple Bergamot
Monarda media
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Wild Bergamot
Monarda fistulosa
Pale Purple Coneflower
Pale Purple Coneflower
Echinacea pallida
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Eastern Purple Coneflower
Echinacea purpurea
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Purple Prairie Clover
Dalea purpurea
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Leadplant
Amorpha canescens
Purple Loosestrife
Purple Loosestrife
Lythrum salicaria
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White Rattlesnake Root
Prenanthes alba
Rattlesnake Root
White Rattlesnake Root
Stem leaf - variable, upper with coarse teen & few lobes, lower deeply 3 to 5 lobed.

Pink and reddish pink flowers.

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Bouncing Bet -pink flower
(Soapwort -pink flower)

Saponaria officinalis
Soapwort leaf
Bouncing Bet
Leaf - opposite, elongated ovals, smooth, wavy, 3-5 prominent veins.
Fireweed
Fireweed
Epilobium angustifolium
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Grecian Foxglove
Digitalis lanata
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Groundnut
(Wild Bean)

Apios americana
Heal all
Heal-all
Prunella vulgaris
Hellborine
Helleborine
Epipactis helleborine
Helleborine plant
Helleborine
Erect orchid, leaves narrowly elliptic, widely separated, wider on the lower stem.
Spotted Joe-Pye Weed flower
Spotted Joe-Pye Weed
Eutrochium maculatum
(Eupatorium purpureum)
Spotted Joe-Pye Weed
Spotted Joe-Pye Weed
Leaves usually in whorls of 4 to 5, lanceolate in shape, underside densely hairy.
Spotted Joepye weed stem
Spotted Joe-Pye Weed
Stem is purple or purple spotted. More moist sites.
Sweet Joe-Pye Weed
Sweet Scented Joe-Pye Weed
Eutrochium purpureum
(Eupatorium purpureum
)
Sweet scented joepye weed stem
Sweet Scented Joe-Pye Weed
Greenish stem, purple only at stem nodes - mesic sites.
Sweet Joe-Pye Weed leaf
Sweet-scented Joe-Pye Weed
Leaves in whorl of 3 or 4, coarsely toothed, similar to E. maculatum but fewer in whorl.
Lanceleaf figwort
Lanceleaf Figwort
Scrophularia lanceolata
Lanceleaf Figwort leaf
Lanceleaf Figwort
Stems with flat sides. Stalked lance-shape leaves, double-tooth margins.
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Live Forever
(Witch's Moneybags)

Hylotelephium telephium
American Lopseed flower
Lopseed
Phryma leptostachya
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Obedient Plant
(False Dragonhead)

Physostegia virginiana
Queen of the Prairie
Queen of the Prairie
Filipendula rubra
Queen of the prairie leaf
Queen of the Prairie
Leaf -up to 7 separated lobed leaflets on reddish stem, terminal leaflet with 7-9 lobes.
Red Clover
Red Clover
Trifolium pratense
Red Clover leaf
Red Clover
leaf 3-parted, blunt oval shape, hairy edges, lighter color chevron, large stipule.
Spotted Knapweed
Spotted Knapweed
Centaurea biebersteinii
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Swamp Milkweed
Asclepias incarnata
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Pointed-leaved Tick-trefoil
Desmodium glutinosum
Pointed leaf Tick-trefoil leaf
Pointed-leaved Tick-trefoil
Basal 3-part leaves, center leaflet with pointed tip
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Showy Tick-trefoil
(Canada Tick-trefoil)

Desmodium canadense
Showy Tick-trefoil leaf
Showy Tick-trefoil
(Canada Tick-trefoil)

3-part stem leaves on stalks
Trailing Wild Bean
Trailing Wild Bean
Strophostyles helvola
Trailing Wild Bean leaf
Trailing Wild Bean
Leaf 3-parted, lateral leaflet lobes unequal. Flowers single or loose cluster of 3 to 10.
Canada Thistle
Canada Thistle
Cirsium arvense
Canada Thistle leaf

Flw. head to 1/2” wide, deep indentations on leaf, hard needle-like prickles on margins
Filed Thistle
Field Thistle
Cirsium discolor
Field Thistle
Flw head to 1.5” wide, leaves with white fuzz unde, spiny on margins.
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Red Turtlehead
Chelone obliqua
Wild Garlic
Wild Garlic
Allium canadense
Wild Poinsettia
Wild Poinsettia
Euphorbia cyathophora

Pink and reddish pink flowers.

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Cardinal Flower
Lobelia cardinalis
Wild columbine
Wild Columbine
(Red Columbine)

Aquilegia canadensis
Blackberry Lily
Blackberry Lily
Belamcanda chinensis
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Butterfly Weed
(Butterfly Milkweed)

Asclepias tuberosa
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Orange Day Lily
Hemerocallis fulva
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Turk's-cap Lily &
Michigan Lily

Lilium superbum and Lilium michiganense
Cattail
Common Cattail
(Broadleaf Cattail)

(No gap between brown flw sections)
Typha latifolia
Narrowleaf Cattail
Narrow-leaved Cattail
(Gap between brown flw sections)
Typha angustifolia

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