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Early Summer Flowers of Eloise Butler Wildflower Garden

Presented by The Friends of the Wild Flower Garden


Prairie Sundrops

Thumbnails of some of the early summer flowering plants you may encounter on a visit - June to Mid-July. This page includes both the Upland and Woodland Gardens. Alternate common names for plant are shown in ( ), woody plants designated by "*". Timing of bloom will vary with each year's weather pattern.
Plant names with web links lead to a separate page of plant information and photos on that plant.
Images are arranged by color and then by common name. Plants listed on our Common and Scientific name list that are not currently found in the Garden are not listed below.
Printable PDF File in Scientific Name Order within Color


White and whitish flowers.

Blackberry
Allegheny Blackberry*
Rubus allegheniensis
Allegheny Blackberry leaf
Allegheny Blackberry*
Lower leaves - 5 long-stalked leaflets. Glandular hair on leaf & flower stalks.
Anise Root
Aniseroot
(Smooth Sweet Cicely)

Osmorhiza longistylis
Anise root leaf
Aniseroot
(Smooth Sweet Cicely)
Leaf 2x pinnately divided, underside veins have whitish hair.
Southern Arrowwood
Southern Arrowwood*
Viburnum dentatum
Bastard Toadflax
Bastard Toadflax
Comandra umbellata
Fragrant Bedstraw
Fragrant Bedstraw
Galium triflorum
Fragrant Bedstraw Leaf
Fragrant Bedstraw
Leaves whorls of 6, vanilla odor, 3-flower clusters. Stem nodes smooth.
Rough Bedstraw
Rough Bedstraw
Galium asprellum
Rough Bedstraw
Rough Bedstraw
stems -Many branches, stems prickly on the 4 angles, leaves whorl of 6 -rough. Flower cluster much branched.
Shining Bedstraw
Shining Bedstraw
Galium concinnum
Shining Bedstraw
Shining Bedstraw
Leaves whorls of 6, rough edged, sharply pointed, many branches, sprawling
Threepetal Bedstraw
Threepetal Bedstraw
Galium trifidum
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Black Bugbane
Actaea racemosa
Black Nightshade
Black Nightshade
Solanum nigrum
Black Raspberry
Black Raspberry*
Rubus occidentalis
Black Raspberry leaf
Black Raspberry*
Leaf - 3-part on flowering stems, 5-part on new canes. No glandular hair anywhere
Blunt-leaved Sandwort
Blunt-leaved Sandwort
Moehringia lateriflora
Blunt-leaved Sandwort leat
Blunt-leaved Sandwort
Leaf - oblong, blunt tip, no stalk, less than 1” long, fine hair.
Soapwort
Bouncing Bet -white flower
(Soapwort -white flower)

Saponaria officinalis
Soapwort leaf
Bouncing Bet
Leaf - opposite, elongated ovals, smooth, wavy, 3-5 prominent veins.
broadleaf arrowhead
Broadleaf Arrowhead
Sagittaria latifolia
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Buttonbush*
Cephalanthus occidentalis
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Canada Anemone
Anemone canadensis
Canada Elderberry
Canada Elderberry*
(American Black Elderberry)

Sambucus nigra ssp. canadensis
Canada Elderberry leaf
Canada Elderberry*
(American Black Elderberry)
Leaf - 5 to 9 leaflets.
Moonseed
Canada Moonseed
(Common Moonseed)

Menispermum canadense
White Chicory
Chicory - white flower type
Cichorium intybus
Cleavers
Cleavers (Stickywilly)
Galium aparine
Cleavers leaf
Cleavers
Weak stems, few branches, fine clinging hooks, flowers in leaf axils. Leaves whorl 6.
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Cow Parsnip
Heracleum maximum
Cow Parsnip Leaf
Cow Parsnip Leaf
3-parted toothed leaflets, forming a sheath at the base
Cream Pea
Cream Pea
Lathyrus ochroleucus
Cream Pea leaf
Cream Pea
Leaf- 3 to 5+pairs leaflets, tendril at tip, green before flowering.
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Culver's Root
Leaves in a whorl
Veronicastrum virginicum
Dame's Rocket White flower
Dame's Rocket-white
(Sweet Rocket)

Hesperis matronalis
Dewberry
Dewberry*
(Northern Dewberry)
Rubus flagellaris
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Gray Dogwood*
(Prefers less moist areas)

Cornus racemosa
Red Osier dogwood
Red Osier Dogwood*
(Stems red Fall to Spring.)
Cornus sericea
Dotted Smartweed
Dotted Smartweed
Polygonum punctatum
Dwarf Red Raspberry
Dwarf Red Raspberry
Rubus pubescens
Dwarf Red Raspberry
Dwarf Red Raspberry
Leaf with 3 to 5 leaflets, sharp teeth. Short plant.
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Enchanter's Nightshade
(Broadleaf Enchanter's Nightshade)

Circaea lutetiana ssp. canadensis
Foam Flower
Foamflower
(Heartleaf Foamflower)

Tiarella cordifolia
Foamflower Plant
Foamflower
Leaves all basal, heart-shape base, 5 to 7 lobes, stalks have glandular hair.
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Foxglove Beardtongue
(Talus Slope Penstemon)

Penstemon digitalis
Fringed black bindweed
Fringed Black Bindweed
Fallopia cilinodis
(Polygonum cilinode)
fringed black bindweed leaf
Fringed Black Bindweed
Leaf well spaced, heart-shape base, underside fine hair, long slender stalk.
Galax
Galax
(Beetleweed)
Galax urceolata
Garlic Mustard
Garlic Mustard
Alliaria petiolata
Garlic Mustard leaf
Garlic Mustard
Leaves with heart-shape base, coarse teeth.
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Annual Fleabane
(Eastern Daisy Fleabane)

Erigeron annuus
Fleabane leaf
Annual Fleabane
(Eastern Daisy Fleabane)
Leaf toothed, not clasping, stem hair standing out
Annual Fleabane Phyllaries
Annual Fleabane
Phyllaries in 2 to 3 series, sparsely hairy, sometimes glandular.
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Lesser Daisy Fleabane
(Prairie Fleabane)

Erigeron strigosus
Lesser fleabane leaf
Lesser Daisy Fleabane
(Prairie Fleabane)

Leaf- few teeth, not clasping, stem hair close to stem
Lesser Daisy Fleabane Phyllaries
Lesser Daisy Fleabane
(Prairie Fleabane)
Phyllaries in 2 to 4 series with or without fine hair.
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Philadelphia Fleabane
(Common Fleabane)
Erigeron philadelphicus
Common Fleabane leaf
Philadelphia Fleabane
(Common Fleabane)
Upper leaves clasping stem, stem hairy.
Philadelphia Fleabane phyllaries
Philadelphia Fleabane
Phyllaries - 2 to 3 series, with or without fine hair, sometimes glandular
Great Indian Plantain
Great Indian Plantain
Arnoglossum reniforme
Great Indian Plantain leaf and stem
Great Indian Plantain
Leaves palmate, large lobes, stem angled & purplish.
Long-leaved Chickweed
Long-leaved Chickweed
(Water chickweed)

Stellaria longifolia
long leaf chickweed leaves
Long-leaved Chickweed
(Water chickweed)
Plant section and leaves.
Meadowsweet
Meadowsweet*
(Long-leaved Meadowsweet)

Spiraea alba
Meadowsweet plant
Meadowsweet*
(Long-leaved Meadowsweet)
Top section of shrub, leaves lanceolate, toothed.
Mouse-ear Chickweed
Mouse-ear Chickweed
Cerastium fontanum ssp. vulgare
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New Jersey Tea*
Ceanothus americanus
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Ninebark*
(Common Ninebark)

Physocarpus opulifolius
Ninebark leaf
Ninebark*
Leaf - resembles Maple leaf, lower ones have 3-5 lobes, upper more rounded.
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Northern Bedstraw
Galium boreale
Northern Bedstraw Leaf
Northern Bedstraw
Many branches, flowers in showy branched terminal cluster. Leaves whorls of 4
Northern Bugleweed
Northern Bugleweed
Lycopus uniflorus
Northern Bugleweed Plant top
Northern Bugleweed
Top section of plant
Northern Water Plantain
Northern Water Plantain
Alisma triviale
Northern Water Plantain leaf
Northern Water Plantain
Leaves all basal, flowers in whorls of 3
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Oxeye Daisy
Leucanthemum vulgare
Partridge Berry
Partridge Berry
Mitchella repens
Peppermint
Peppermint
Mentha x piperita L. (Prosp.)
Poke Milkweed
Poke Milkweed
Asclepias exaltata
Indian Hemp Flower
Prairie Dogbane
(Indianhemp)

Apocynum cannabinum
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Prairie Dogbane
(Indianhemp)
Flowers at top of tall stem, branching only at top.
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Queen of the Meadow
Filipendula ulmaria
Queen of the Meadow leaf
Queen of the Meadow
Leaf - 2-4 pair of lateral leaflets, terminal leaflet has 3-7 lobes.
Smooth Rockcress
Smooth Rockcress
Boechera laevigata
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Spreading Dogbane
(Common Dogbane)

Apocynum androsaemifolium
Star Chickweed
Star Chickweed
Stellaria pubera
Starflower
Starflower
Trientalis borealis
Virginia Strawberry
Virginia Strawberry
Fragaria virginiana
Virginia Strawberry leaf
Strawberry - Virginia: Flower stalk shorter than leaves. Leaflets stalked. Tip tooth shorter
Virginia Strawberry fruit
Strawberry - Virginia: Seeds embedded in pits.
Woodland Strawberry
Woodland Strawberry
Fragaria vesca
Woodland Strawberry leaf
Strawberry - Woodland: Flower stalk above leaves. Leaflets often stalkless. Tip tooth broad.
Woodland Strawberry fruit
Strawberry - Woodland: Seeds raised on surface.
Swamp Blackberry
Swamp Blackberry
Rubus semisetosus
Bland Sweet Cicely
Bland Sweet Cicely
Clayton's Sweet-root

Osmorhiza claytonii
Bland Sweet Cicely Leaf
Bland Sweet Cicely
Leaf 2x pinnately divided, surfaces hairy, stem hairy, hairy bracts below flowers.
Thimbleberry
Thimbleberry
(Flowering Raspberry)
Rubus parviflorus
Thimbleberry
Thimbleberry - leaf
(Flowering Raspberry)
No prickles, leaves large and maple-like
Miterwort
Twoleaf Mitrewort
(Bishop's Cap)

Mitella diphylla
Twoleaf Miterwort Leaf
Twoleaf Mitrewort
(Bishop's Cap)
Single pair of almost stalkless 3 to 5 lobed leaves at mid stem
Garden Valerian
Valerian, Garden
Valeriana officinalis
Garden Valerian leaf
Valerian, Garden
Leaf- opposite, 7 to 25 leaflets, aromatic
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Virgin's Bower
(Sprawling vine)
Clematis virginiana
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Virginia Mountain Mint
Pycnanthemum virginianum
Virginia Mountain Mint plant
Virginia Mountain Mint
Plant is 1 - 3 feet tall, small opposite lance shape leaves, sweetly aromatic
Water Horehound
Water Horehound
Lycopus americanus
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White Avens
Geum canadense
White Avens lower leaf
White Avens
Lower leaves with 3 to 5 toothed leaflets. Upper smaller, 3 leaflets or just 3 lobes.
White False Indigo
White False Indigo
(Wild White Indigo)

Baptisia alba var. macrophylla
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White Prairie Clover
Dalea candida
White Clover
White Clover
Trifolium repens L.
White Clover leaf
White Clover
Leaves 3-parted on long stalks. Light colored chevron may not be always visible.
White Sweet Clover
White Sweet Clover
Melilotus alba
White Sweet Clover plant
White Sweet Clover
Plants can be 1 to feet tall, much branched.
White vervain
White Vervain
Verbena urticifolia
Whorled Milkweed
Whorled Milkweed
Asclepias verticillata
Wild Leek
Wild Leek
(Ramp)

Allium tricoccum
Wild Mint
Wild Mint
Mentha arvensis
Wild Quinine flowers
Wild Quinine
(American Feverfew)

Parthenium integrifolium
Wild Quinine plant
Wild Quinine
Tall plant, leaves lance-shape, flowers in flat-topped clusters.
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Winterberry*
(Black Alder)

Ilex verticillata
Wolfberry
Wolfberry
Symphoricarpos occidentalis Hook.
Wolfberry leaf
Wolfberry
Leaf - smooth, wavy edge, short green stalk, underside blue-green.
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Yarrow
Achillea millefolium
Black Medic
Black Medic
Medicago lupulina


Yellow flowers.

Devils Beggartick
Devil's Beggartick
Bidens frondosa
Devil's Beggartick leaf
Devil's Beggartick
Leaf divided in 3 to 5 lance-shape leaflets, coarsely toothed; upper may be undivided.
Swamp Beggartick
Swamp Beggartick
(Purple-stem Beggartick)

Bidens connata
Swamp Beggartick leaf
Swamp Beggartick
Leaf simple, toothed, lance-shape, some with winged stalks; lower leaves may be 3-cleft.
Black eyed susan
Black-eyed Susan
Rudbeckia hirta
Black-eyed Susan leaf
Black-eyed Susan
Stem Leaf - linear to spatula shape, rough white bristly hair, stalkless at top of stem
Black-eyed Susan Phyllaries
Black-eyed Susan
Phyllaries - 2 series, linear, quite long, very hairy, outer ones reflex.
Swamp Buttercup
Swamp Buttercup
(Hispid Buttercup)

Ranunculus hispidus var. nitidus
Swamp Buttercup Leaf
Swamp Buttercup
Basal leaf - the largest, 3 parts, each part divided. Upper leaves more simple
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Tall Buttercup
Ranunculus acris
Tall Buttercup Lower leaf
Tall Buttercup
Lower leaves divided into 3 to 7 parts with deep clef
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Canada Lily
Lilium canadense
Common Cinquefoil
Common Cinquefoil
Potentilla simplex
Common Cinquefoil leaf
Common Cinquefoil
Basal leaf. Short plant, decumbent stems.
Rough-fruited Cinquefoil
Rough-fruited Cinquefoil
Potentilla recta
Rough-fruited Cinquefoil
Rough-fruited Cinquefoil
Base leaves of 5-7 leaflets, upper 3 leaflets
Silver Cinquefoil
Silver Cinquefoil
Potentilla argentea
Silver Cinguefoil leaf
Silver Cinquefoil
Flower petals same size as sepals. Leaves under silvery from fine hairs.
Clammy Ground Cherry
Clammy Ground Cherry
Physalis heterophylla
Dandelion
Common Dandelion
Taraxacum officinale
Dandelion basal leaves
Common Dandelion
Leaves all basal, long, pinnately divided, terminal lobe larger, stalk with wings.
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Golden Alexanders
(Golden Zizia)

Zizia aurea
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Long-headed Coneflower
(Prairie Coneflower)

Ratibida columnifera
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Fringed Loosestrife
Lysimachia ciliata
Fringed Loosestrife leaf
Fringed Loosestrife
Leaves opposite - not in whorl, lanceolate, fine hair on stem leaf node.
Garden Loosestrife
Garden Loosestrife
Lysimachia vulgaris
Tufted Loosestrife
Tufted Loosestrife
A wetland plant
Lysimachia thyrsiflora
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Whorled Loosestrife
Lysimachia quadrifolia
Whorled Loosestrife leaf
Whorled Loosestrife-leaf
Leaves in whorl of 4 or 5
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Meadow Goatsbeard
Yellow Goatsbeard

Tragopogon pratensis
Goatsbeard seed
Meadow Goatsbeard
Yellow Goatsbeard

Distinctive Tragopogon seed cluster
Moneywort
Moneywort
(Creeping Jenny)

Lysimachia nummularia
Mullein
Common Mullein
Verbascum thapsus
Narrowleaf Hawksbeard
Narrowleaf Hawksbeard
Crepis tectorum
Narrowleaf Hawksbeard stem
Narrowleaf Hawksbeard
Stems angled, leaves narrow with auricles
Bush Honeysuckle
Northern Bush Honeysuckle*
Diervilla lonicera
Common yellow oxalis
Common Yellow Oxalis
Oxalis stricta
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Prairie Sundrops
(Meadow Evening Primrose)

Oenothera pilosella
Prairie Sundrops leaf
Prairie Sundrops
Leaves opposite, short stalks, hairy both sides and margins.
Prickly Lettuce
Prickly Lettuce
Lactuca serriola
Prickly Lettuce leaf
Prickly Lettuce
Leaf- prickles on edge and under on midrib, clasping auricles
Meadow Goatsbeard
Yellow Salsify
Tragopogon dubius
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Smooth Oxeye
Heliopsis helianthoides var. scraba
Smooth Oxeye leaf
Smooth Oxeye
Stalked flowers from axils of stalked toothed leaves with rough surface hair.
Smooth Oxeye Phyllaries
Phyllaries - 2 series, outer longer, inner broader, usually with fine hair.
Common St. Johnswort
Common St. Johnswort
Hypericum perforatum
Common St. Johnswort plant
Common St. Johnswort
Shrubby branching stems, narrow leaves with dots, flower with 3 styles.
Great St. Johnswort
Great St. Johnswort
Hypericum pyramidatum
Great St. Johnswort
Great St. Johnswort
Erect, 2-5’ tall, flowers 1.5” to 2.3” wide, long stalked and usually solitary.
Stiff Coreopsis
Stiff Tickseed
(Stiff Coreopsis)

Coreopsis palmata
Stiff Coreopsis leaf
Stiff Tickseed
Stem stiff; leaf- opposite, stalkless, 3 elongated lobes that divide above the base.
Swamp Candles
Swamp Candles
(Yellow Loosestrife)
Lysimachia terrestis
Swamp Candles Leaf
Swamp Candles
(Yellow Loosestrife)
Leaf - mostly stalkless, smooth, dotted
Rosinweed
Wholeleaf Rosinweed
(Rosin-weed)

Silphium integrifolium
Rosinweed leaf
Wholeleaf Rosinweed -leaf
(Rosin-weed) Leaves opposite, not surrounding the stem, upper & lower same size.
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Yellow Day Lily
Hemerocallis lilioasphodelus
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Yellow Flag Iris
(Pale Yellow Iris)

Iris pseudacorus
Yellow Sweet clover
Yellow Sweet Clover
Melilotus officinalis
Yellow Sweet Clover leaf
Yellow Sweet Clover
Leaf- 3 parted, middle leaflet on longer stalk. Same leaf as White Sweet Clover
Yellow Wood Sorrel
Yellow Wood Sorrel
Oxalis dillenii
Yellow Avens
Yellow Avens
Geum aleppicum
Yellow Avens leaf
Yellow Avens
Lower leaf with 2 - 6 pairs leaflets all sparsely hairy, upper leaf smaller, fewer leaflets.


Yellow-green flowers

Dodder
Common Dodder
(Parasitic - no leaves)
Cuscuta gronovii
Leafy Spurge
Leafy Spurge
Euphorbia esula
Poison Ivy Flower
Poison Ivy
(Western Poison Ivy)
Toxicodendron rydbergii
Poison Ivy leaf
Poison Ivy
(Western Poison Ivy)
Leaf- 3 widely overal leaflets with pointed tip, hairless, shiny dark green, bronze when new.
Tall Meadowrue
Tall Meadow Rue
(Purple Meadow Rue)

Thalictrum dasycarpum
Tall Meadow Rue
Tall Meadow Rue
(Purple Meadow Rue)
3 to 5’ tall, stem leaves stalkless & hairy beneath & longer than wide.
fragrant sumac
Fragrant Sumac*
Rhus aromatica
fragrant Sumac Leaf
Fragrant Sumac* Leaf
Rhus aromatica
Smooth Sumac
Smooth Sumac*
Rhus glabra
Smooth Sumac Twig
Smooth Sumac*
Twigs smooth & spotted. Leaf - 11 to 31 leaflets, leaf rachis without hair.
Staghorn Sumac
Staghorn Sumac*
Rhus hirta
Staghorn Sumac twig
Staghorn Sumac*
Twigs with dense fine hair. Leaf-9 to 29 leaflets, rachis with hair.
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Thimbleweed
Anemone cylindrica
Tall Thimbleweed
Tall Thimbleweed
Anemone virginiana
Water Horsetail strobilus
Water Horsetail
Equisetum fluviatile
Waterhorsetail
Water Horsetail
Ancient plant - spore producing strobilus atop unbranched stem.
Wild Sarsaparilla
Wild Sarsaparilla
Aralia nudicaulis
Wild Sarsaparilla leaf
Wild Sarsaparilla
Leaf - 3 to 5 leaflets on separate stem.
Canadian Milk Vetch
Canadian Milk Vetch
Astragalus canadensis
Climbing Bittersweet
Climbing Bittersweet*
(American Bittersweet)

Celastrus scandens
Climbing Bittersweet leaf
Climbing Bittersweet*
(American Bittersweet)
Leaves oval, smooth, sharp teeth


Green flowers.

Wild Yamroot
Wild Yamroot
Dioscorea villosa
Alumroot
American Alumroot
Heuchera americana
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American Alumroot
Tall plant-Stalked basal leaves only
Broadleaf Burweed
Broadleaf Burweed
Sparganium eurycarpum
Commopn Plantain
Common Plantain
Plantago major L.
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Curly Dock
Rumex crispus
Winged Euonymus
Winged Euonymus
Euonymus alatus
Winged Euonymus leaf
Winged Euonymus
Leaf- reverse pear shape with abruptly tapered tip, fine teeth, hairy, opposite.
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Great Solomon's Seal
(Smooth Solomon's Seal)
Polygonatum biflorum var. commutatum
Jack-in-pulpit
Jack-in-the-pulpit
Arisaema triphyllum
Wood Nettle
Wood Nettle
(Canadian Wood Nettle)

Laportea canadensis
Wood Nettle Leaf
Wood Nettle
Leaf- alternate, long-stalk, oval. coarse teeth, upper surface crinkled dk green


Blue and bluish-pink flowers.

Arrowleaf Violet
Arrowleaf Violet
Viola sagittata
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Blue Flag Iris
Iris versicolor
Soederwort
Bluejacket
(Ohio Spiderwort)
Tradescantia ohiensis
Chicory
Chicory - blue flower type
Cichorium intybus
Clustered Bellflower
Clustered Bellflower
(Dane's Blood)
Campanula glomerata
Clustered Bellflower stem
Clustered Bellflower
Flowers in separated clusters on stem, stem leaves narrow lance shape, wavy, hairy.
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European Bellflower
(Rampion Bellflower)
Campanula rapunculoides
Eastern Bluestar
Eastern Bluestar
(Willow Amsonia)
Amsonia tabernaemontana
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False Blue Indigo
(Blue Wild Indigo)
Baptisia australis
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Blue Giant Hyssop
(Anise Hyssop)
Agastache foeniculum
Anise Hyssop leaf
Blue Giant Hyssop
Leaf opposite, triangular, upper leaves more narrow. Anise scent when crushed.
Jacob's Ladder
Jacob's Ladder
(Greek Valerian)
Polemonium reptans
Jacob's Ladder leaf
Jacob's Ladder
Plant under 20 inches high, leaf- 7-17 leaflets, smooth edges, frequently reclining.
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Leadplant
Amorpha canescens
Wild Lupine
Wild Lupine
Lupinus perennis
Mad-dog Skullcap
Mad-dog Skullcap
Scutellaria lateriflora
Marsh Skullcap
Marsh Skullcap
Scutellaria galericulata
Marsh Skullcap
Marsh Skullcap
Flowers mostly solitary from leaf axils. Leaves barely stalked
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Climbing Nightshade
(Bittersweet Nightshade)
Solanum dulcamara
Climbing Nightshade leaf
Climbing Nightshade
Leaf - 1 large terminal lobe and 2 to 4 smaller lobes. Stalk forms a small wing.
Prairie Birdsfoot Violet
Prairie Birdsfoot Violet
Viola pedatifida
Silvery Scurf Pea
Silvery Scurf Pea
Pediomelum argophyllum
Silvery Scurf Pea leaf
Silvery Scurf Pea
Leaf - 3 to 5 leaflets with whitish appressed hair.
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True Forget-me-not
Myosotis scorpioides
Swamp Vervain
Blue Vervain
(Swamp Vervain)
Verbena hastata
Blue Vervain leaf
Blue Vervain
Leaf lance-like, coarse teeth, underside with whitish hair, lower leaves have a pair of basal lobes.
Hoary Vervain
Hoary Vervain
Verbena stricta
Hoary Vervain leaf
Hoary Vervain
Leaf - sharp coarse teeth, short stalk, underside with fine whitish hair.
Virginia Waterleaf
Virginia Waterleaf
(Eastern Waterleaf)
Hydrophyllum virginianum
Wild Blue Phlox
Wild Blue Phlox
Phlox divaricata
Downy Woodmint
Downy Wood Mint
Blephilia cilata
Downy Wood Mint leaf
Downy Wood Mint
Leaf- upper lance shape, lower ovate, coarse teeth, fine hair on edge and under, aromatic.
Hairy Wood Mint
Hairy Wood Mint
(Hoary Wood Mint)
Blephilia hirsuta
Hairy Wood Mint leaf
Hairy Wood Mint
Leaf - More egg shaped, a few coarse teeth, hairy surfaces and margin, long hair on stem
Northern Willowherb
Northern Willowherb
(American Willowherb)
Epilobium ciliatum ssp. glandulosum
Willowherb
Willowherb
Epilobium coloratum


Pink, pinkish, rosy, purplish flowers.

Burdock
Lesser Burdock
Arctium minus
Lesser Burdock leaf
Lesser Burdock
Leaf -egg shape, large, lower with heart-shape base, edge wavy. Flowers in tight cluster.
Purple Bergamot
Purple Bergamot
Monarda media
Bouncing Bet
Bouncing Bet -Pink flower type
(Soapwort)
Saponaria officinalis
Soapwort leaf
Bouncing Bet
Leaf - opposite, elongated ovals, smooth, wavy, 3-5 prominent veins.
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Bracted Spiderwort
Tradescantia bracteata
Common Milkweed
Common Milkweed
Asclepias syriaca
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Dame's Rocket
(Sweet Rocket)
Hesperis matronalis
Downy Phlox
Downy Phlox
Phlox pilosa
Downy Phlox leaf
Downy Phlox
Leaves less than 1/2” wide, stems with fine whitish hair, flowers in branched clusters.
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Fireweed
Chamerion angustifolium
Wild Geranium
Wild Geranium
(Spotted Geranium)
Geranium maculatum
Lanceleaf Figwort
Lanceleaf Figwort
Scrophularia lanceolata
Lanceleaf Figwort leaf
Lanceleaf Figwort
Stems with flat sides. Stalked lance-shape leaves, double-tooth margins.
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Grecian Foxglove
Digitalis lanata
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Heart-leaved Four O'clock
(Wild Four O'clock)
Mirabilis nyctaginea
Wild Four O'clock leaf
Heart-leaved Four O'clock
Leaves paired, oval, heart-shape base. Flowers above a star-shaped cup.
Motherwort
Motherwort
Leonurus cardiaca
Motherwort plant section
Top section of plant, leaves lobed lower on plant.
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Purple Prairie Clover
Dalea purpurea
Queen of the Prairie
Queen of the Prairie
Filipendula rubra
Queen of the prairie leaf
Queen of the Prairie
Leaf -up to 7 separated lobed leaflets on reddish stem, terminal leaflet with 7-9 lobes.
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Pointed-leaved Tick-trefoil
Desmodium glutinosum
Pointed leaf tick-trefoil leaf
Pointed-leaved Tick-trefoil
Basal 3-part leaves, center leaflet with pointed tip
Red Clover
Red Clover
Trifolium pratense
Red Clover leaf
Red Clover
leaf 3-parted, blunt oval shape, hairy edges, lighter color chevron, large stipule.
Climbing Rose
Climbing Rose*
Rosa setigera
Climbing Rose leaf
Climbing Rose*
Leaf of 3 leaflets, stems arching, vine-like, flws in clusters.
Pasture Rose
Pasture Rose*
(Carolina Rose)
Rosa carolina
Pasture Rose bud
Pasture Rose*
Glandular hair on sepals and flower stalks. Leaflets 5 to 7(9), unbranched, flws solitary
Arkansas Rose
Prairie Wild Rose*
Rosa arkansana
Arkansas Rose leaf
Prairie Wild Rose*
9-11 leaflets, many lower stem prickles, little branching, flws in clusters of 2-3
Prickly Rose
Prickly Rose*
Rosa acicularlis
Prickly Rose Stem
Prickly Rose*
Stems branched, densely prickled near base, leaflets 5-9, flowers solitary.
Smooth Rose
Smooth Rose*
Rosa blanda
Smooth Rose leaf
Smooth Rose*
5-7 leaflets, few stem prickles, short plant, branched, flws usually in clusters.
Woods Rose
Wood's Rose*
Rosa woodsii
Wood's Rose olf stem
Wood's Rose*
Tallest rose, stems reddish, curved prickles (not dense), leaflets 5-9, flws 1 or 1-3
Showy Beardtongue
Showy Beardtongue
(Large-flowered Beardtongue)
Penstemon grandiflorus
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Showy Lady's-slipper
Cypripedium reginae
Snowberry
Snowberry*
Symphoricarpos albus
Snowberry leaf
Snowberry*
Leaves opposite, simple, oval, blunt ends. Flowers in cluster at twig tip.
Spotted Knapweed
Spotted Knapweed
Centaurea biebersteinii
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Swamp Milkweed
Asclepias incarnata
Canada thistle
Canada Thistle
Cirsium arvense
Canada Thistle leaf

Flw. head to 1/2” wide, deep indentations on leaf, hard needle-like prickles on margins
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Veiny Pea
(Veiny Vetchling)

Lathyrus venosus
Veiny Pea leaf Stipule
Veiny Pea
Leaf 8 to 12 leaflets with tendril. Stipule arrow shape, clasps stem, 2 lobes only.
American Vetch
American Vetch
Vicia americana
American Vetch leaf stipule
American Vetch
Leaf - 8-16 leaflets, tendrils. Stipule pairs pointed with 3 sharp teeth in middle of each
Eastern Wahoo Flower
Eastern Wahoo*
Euonymus atropurpurea var. atropurpurea
Eastern Wahoo plant
Eastern Wahoo*
Leggy shrub, flower clusters tiny, rising from the leaf axils. Leaves oblong, fine teeth.
Wild Garlic
Wild Garlic
Allium canadense
Wild Ginger
Wild Ginger
(Canadian Wild Ginger)
Asarum canadense
Wild Ginger leaf
Wild Ginger
Leaves - 2 per plant, hairy stalks and underside, up to 6” wide. Stem prostrate.


Reddish, orangish and brownish flowers.

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Horse Gentian
Triosteum perfoliatum
Flame Azalea
Flame Azalea*
Rhododendron calendulaceum
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Orange Day Lily
Hemerocallis fulva
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Orange Hawkweed
Hieracium aurantiacum
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Turk's-cap Lily &
Michigan Lily

Lilium superbum and Lilium michiganense
Wood Lily
Wood Lily
Lilium philadelphicum
Columbine
Wild Columbine
(Red Columbine)
Aquilegia canadensis