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Autumn Flowers of Eloise Butler Wildflower Garden

Presented by The Friends of the Wild Flower Garden


Red Sumac

Thumbnails of some of the Autumn flowering plants you may encounter on a visit - September 1st to Mid-October. This page includes both the Upland and Woodland Gardens. Alternate common names for plant are shown in ( ), woody plants designated by "*". Timing of bloom will vary with each year's weather pattern.
Plant names with web links lead to a separate page of plant information and photos on that plant.
Images are arranged by color and then by common name. Plants listed on our Common and Scientific name list that are not currently found in the Garden are not listed below.
Printable PDF File in Scientific Name Order within Color


White, whitish, whitish-green flowers

Arrow-leaved Tearthumb
Arrow-leaved Tearthumb
Persicaria sagittata
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Aster, Flat-topped
Doellingeria umbellata var. pubens
Flat-topped Aster leaf
Aster, Flat-topped
leaf- linear, smooth, no teeth, stem red lower.
Side-flowering Aster
Aster, Side-flowering
(Calico Aster)

Symphyotrichum lateriflorum
Side-flowering Aster leaf
Aster, Side-flowering leaf
Leaves oval to rounded, upper mostly stalkless, lower stalked, few sharp teeth
Side-flowering aster phyllaries
Aster, Side-flowering
Phyllaries - 3 - 4 series, unequal in size, diamond shape tips, sometimes purplish
White Arrowleaf Aster
Aster, White Arrowleaf
Symphyotrichum urophyllum
White Arrowleaf Aster leaf
Aster, White Arrowleaf - leaf
Middle leaves arrow shape base, Lower - heart shaped base, often winged stalk
White Arrowleaf aster phyllaries
Aster, White Arrowleaf
Phyllaries - 4 - 6 series, inner tight, outer spreading, tip a grn elongated diamond.
White Heath Aster
Aster, White Heath
(Many-flowered Aster)

Symphyotrichum ericoides
White Heath Aster leaf
Aster, White Heath -leaf
Leaves small, narrow .5 to 1.5” long, rough edge
Aster - White Heath
Pyhllaries - 3-4 series, overlapping, unequal size, spade-like tips, hairy.
White Panicle Aster
Aster, White Panicle
Symphyotrichum lanceolatum
White Panicle aster leaf
Aster, White Panicle
Leaf - linear, smooth, stalkless. Dead leaves curled up
White Panicle Aster Phyllaries
Aster, White Panicle
Phyllaries - 2-4 series, linear, outer 1/3 to 1/2 length of inner, dk green center stripes
White Wood Aster
Aster, White Wood
Eurybia divaricata
White Wood Aster leaf
Aster, White Wood - leaf
Large, toothed, long stalk, heart base. Flowers in branched cluster.
White Wood Aster Phyllaries
Aster, White Wood
Phyllaries 25-20 in 4 to 5 series, unequal, rounded to pointed, whitish, dk green tips.
Black Nightshade
Black Nightshade
Solanum nigrum
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Boneset
Eupatorium perfoliatum
Boneset leaf
Boneset - leaf
Leaf- surrounds stem
Chicory white type
Chicory - white flower type
Cichorium intybus
Dotted Smartweed
Dotted Smartweed
Polygonum punctatum
Flowering Spurge
Flowering Spurge
Euphorbia corollata
Flowering Spurge leaves
Flowering Spurge
Main stem unbranched, many flowering branches above the upper stem whorl
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Annual Fleabane
(Eastern Daisy Fleabane)

Erigeron annuus
Daisy fleabane leaf
Annual Fleabane
(Eastern Daisy Fleabane)
Leaf toothed, not clasping, stem hair standing out
Annual Fleabane Phyllaries
Annual Fleabane
Phyllaries in 2 to 3 series, sparsely hairy, sometimes glandular.
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Lesser Daisy Fleabane
(Prairie Fleabane)
Erigeron strigosus
Lesser Fleabane leaf
Lesser Daisy Fleabane
(Prairie Fleabane)
Leaf- few teeth, not clasping, stem hair close to stem
Lesser Daisy Fleabane Phyllaries
Lesser Daisy Fleabane
(Prairie Fleabane)
Phyllaries in 2 to 4 series with or without fine hair.
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Plain Gentian
(Yellowish Gentian)

Gentiana alba
(Gentiana flavida)
Hog peanut
Hog Peanut
Amphicarpaea bracteata
Northern Bugleweed
Northern Bugleweed
Lycopus uniflorus
Northern Bugleweed Plant top
Northern Bugleweed
Top section of plant
Roundheaded Bushclover
Round-headed Bushclover
(Round-headed Lespedeza)

Lespedeza capitata
Round-headed Bushclover leaf
Round-headed Bushclover
Leaf-3 parted, pointing upward, dense appressed hairs.
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Turtlehead
(White Turtlehead)

Chelone glabra
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Virgin's Bower
Clematis virginiana
Virginia Stickseed
Virginia Stickseed
(Beggar's Lice)

Hackelia virginiana
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White Snakeroot
Ageratina altissima
White Snakeroot plant section
White Snakeroot
Leaves egg shape, stalked, coarsely toothed.
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Nodding Wild Onion
(Open flowers nodding)
Allium cernuum
Wild Onion
Wild Onion
(Open flowers do not nod)
Allium stellatum
Prairie sage flower cluster
White Sage
(Prairie Sage)

Artemisia ludoviciana
Prairie Sage
White Sage (Prairie Sage)
Erect, all parts with dense matted white to grayish hair. Leaf - narrow, no teeth.


Yellow Flowers

Devils Beggartick
Devil's Beggartick
Bidens frondosa
Devil's Beggartick leaf
Devil's Beggartick
Leaf divided in 3 to 5 lance-shape leaflets, coarsely toothed; upper may be undivided.
Swamp Beggartick
Swamp Beggartick
(Purple-stem Beggartick)

Bidens connata
Swamp Beggartick leaf
Swamp Beggartick
Leaf simple, toothed, lance-shape, some with winged stalks; lower leaves may be 3-cleft.
Black-eyed Susan
Black-eyed Susan
Rudbeckia hirta
Black-eyed Susan leaf
Black-eyed Susan
Stem Leaf - linear to spatula shape, rough white bristly hair, stalkless at top of stem
Black-eyed Susan Phyllaries
Black-eyed Susan
Phyllaries - 2 series, linear, quite long, very hairy, outer ones reflex.
Burnweed
Burnweed
(Fireweed)

Erechtites hieraciifolius
Burnweed plant
Burnweed
top section of plant.
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Bur Marigold
(Beggar-ticks)

Bidens cernua
Butter and Eggs
Butter and Eggs
Linaria vulgaris
Canadian Horseweed
Canadian Horseweed
Conyza canadensis
Canadian Horseweed top of plant
Canadian Horseweed
Top section of plant, much branching, leaves linear & dense.
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Compass Plant
Silphium laciniatum
Compass Plant basal leaf
Compass Plant
Basal leaf - very large and deeply cleft, upper smaller, some not cleft.
Thin-leaved Coneflower
Thin-leaved Coneflower
(Brown-eyed Susan)

Rudbeckia triloba
Thin-leaved Coneflower leaf
Thin-leaved Coneflower
Leaves thin and rough, upper with few teeth, lower 3-lobed and toothed & long stalks.
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Green-headed Coneflower
Rudbeckia laciniata
Green-headed coneflower leaf
Green-headed Coneflower
lower leaves are pinnately divided into wide lobed leaflets
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Gray-headed Coneflower
Ratibida pinnata
Gray-headed coneflower leaf
Gray-headed Coneflower
larger lower leaves are pinnately divided into 3 to 7 narrow leaflets
Dandelion
Common Dandelion
Taraxacum officinale
Dandelion basal leaves
Common Dandelion
Leaves all basal, long, pinnately divided, terminal lobe larger, stalk with wings.
Evening Primrose
Common Evening Primrose
Oenothera biennis
Common Evening Primrose leaf
Common Evening Primrose
Leaves lance-like, slight teeth, edges turn more wavy & darker green with age
Elm-leaved Goldenrod
Elm-leaved Goldenrod
Solidago ulmifolia
elm-leaved goldenrod leaf
Elm-leaved Goldenrod
leaf- elliptical, coarse teeth, upper stalkless, upper surface rough.
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Grass-leaved Goldenrod
Euthamia graminifolia
Gray Goldenrod
Gray Goldenrod
(Old Field Goldenrod)

Solidago nemoralis
Giant Goldenrod
Giant Goldenrod
Solidago gigantea
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Showy Goldenrod
Solidago speciosa
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Stiff Goldenrod
Oligoneuron rigidum var. rigidum
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Late Goldenrod
(Tall Goldenrod)

Solidago altissima
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Zigzag Goldenrod
Solidago flexicaulis
Riddell's Goldenrod
Riddell's Goldenrod
Solidago riddellii
Rough Hawkweed
Yellow Hawkweed
(Canada Hawkweed)

Hieracium umbellatum
Canada Hawkweed Stem
Yellow Hawkweed
Flowers- long stalked heads in loose branched clusters. Leaves -a few sharp teeth
Narrowleaf hawksbeard
Narrowleaf Hawksbeard
Crepis tectorum
Narrowleaf Hawksbeard stem
Narrowleaf Hawksbeard
Crepis tectorum
Jerusalem artichoke
Jerusalem Artichoke
Helianthus tuberosus
Jerusalem Artichoke leaf
Jerusalem Artichoke - leaf
Stout plant. Leaves - uppers alternate, rough on top with long winged stalks
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Paleleaf Woodland Sunflower
Helianthus strumosus
Paleleaf Woodland Sunflower leaf
Paleleaf Woodland Sunflower
Leaf- rough, thick, 3 main veins, winged stalk, white hair under.
Partridge Pea
Partridge Pea
Chamaecrista fasciculata
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Prairie Dock
(Prairie Rosinweed)

Silphium terebinthinaceum
Prairie Dock Leaf
Prairie Dock - leaf
Large arrow-shape basal leaves only. Very tall stems
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Smooth Oxeye
Heliopsis helianthoides var. scraba
Smooth Oxeye leaf
Smooth Oxeye
Stalked flowers from axils of stalked toothed leaves with rough surface hair.
Smooth Oxeye Phyllaries
Phyllaries - 2 series, outer longer, inner broader, usually with fine hair.
Common St. Johnswort
Common St. Johnswort
Hypericum perforatum
Common St. Johnswort plant
Common St. Johnswort
Shrubby branching stems, narrow leaves with dots, flower with 3 styles.
Stiff-haired sunflower
Stiff-haired Sunflower
(Hairy Sunflower)

Helianthus hirsutus
Stiff-haired sunflower leaf
Stiff-haired Sunflower
(Hairy Sunflower)

Leaves opposite, rounded bases on very short stalks. Flowers few & on thick stalks
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Pale Touch-me-not
(Pale Jewelweed)

Impatiens pallida
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Spotted Touch-me-not
(Spotted Jewelweed)

Impatiens capensis
Wild Lettuce
Wild Lettuce
Lactuca canadensis
wild lettuce leaf
Wild Lettuce leaves
Leaves vary from entire, toothed, to pinnately divided, but edges NOT spiny
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Witch Hazel*
Hamamelis virginiana
Witch Hazel Leaf
Witch Hazel*
Leaf - shallow lobes, wavy margins

Yellow-green and Greenish flowers

Canadian Clearweed
Canadian Clearweed
Pilea pumila
Clearweed leaf
Canadian Clearweed
Only non-stinging nettle. Leaf opposite, long-stalk, coarse teeth, 3 main veins fm base.
common ragweed
Common Ragweed
Ambrosia artemisiifolia
Stinging Nettle
Stinging Nettle
(California Nettle)

Urtica dioica
Stinging nettle leaf
Stinging Nettle
Leaves opposite, stalked, lance-shape, toothed, underside with stinging hairs.


Blue, bluish-green, bluish-pink and rosy-blue Flowers

Heart-leaved Aster
Aster, Heart-leaved
(Common Blue Wood Aster)

Symphyotrichum cordifolium
Blue Wood aster leaf
Aster, Heart-leaved
(Common Blue Wood Aster)
Lower leaves- heart shape base, large teeth, upper leaves more oval.
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Aster, Large-leaved
(Bigleaf Aster)

Eurybia macrophylla
Large-leaved aster leaf
Aster, Large-leaved
(Bigleaf Aster)
Basal leaves large, broadly oval, long stalked, heart shape bases
Big leaf aster phyllariies
Aster, Large-leaved
(Bigleaf Aster)
Phyllaries 5-6 series, 32 to 35, overlapping, oft purple tinged, short glandular hair.
Red Stemmed Aster
Aster, Redstem
(Purple-stemmed Aster)

Symphyotrichum puniceum
Red stem aster stem
Aster, Redstem
(Purple-stemmed Aster)

Stem stout, hairy, reddish purple, leaves clasp stem
Redstem Aster phyllaries
Aster, Redstem
(Purple-stemmed Aster)
Phyllaries- 4 to 6 series, whities with long spreading green tips, with/without hair.
Short's Aster
Aster - Short's
Symphyotrichum shortii
Short's Aster leaf
Aster - Short's
Leaves lance-like, lowest the largest, base heart-shaped, usually without teeth.
Short's Aster phyllareis
Aster - Short's
Phyllaries- 4-5 series, appressed, unequal in size, whitish with short dk green pointed tip.
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Aster, Sky Blue
(Azure Aster)

Symphyotrichum oolentangiense var. oolentangiense
Sky blue aster leaf
Aster, Sky Blue
Leaves stiff, thick, lower stalked with wings, upper stalkless
Sky blue aster phyllaries
Aster, Sky Blue
Phyllaries 4-6 series, outer slightly spreading, whitish, dark green diamond tip.
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Aster, Smooth Blue
Symphyotrichum laeve var. laeve
Smooth aster leaf
Aster, Smooth Blue
Leaves narrow, 5x longer than wide, stalkless or clasping
Smooth blue aster phyllaries
Aster, Smooth Blue
Phyllaries 4 to 6 series, appressed, unequal size, long dk grn tips, lance/diamond shape.
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Aster, Western Silver
(Silky Aster)

Symphyotrichum sericeum
Silky aster leaf
Aster, estern Silky
(Western Silver Aster)
Leaves pale green, silky, silver tint, smooth edges
Western Silky Aster phyllaries
Aster - Western Silver
Phyllaries - 3-5 series, overlapping, ovate, pale-grn center line, spade-like grn spreading tips
Swamp Vervain
Blue Vervain
(Swamp Vervain)

Verbena hastata
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Bottle Gentian
(Closed Gentian)

Gentiana clausa and
Gentiana andrewsii
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Chicory - blue flower type
Cichorium intybus
Downy Gentian
Downy Gentian
Gentiana puberulenta
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Great Blue Lobelia
(Blue Cardinal Flower)

Lobelia siphilitica
Great Blue Lobelia plant
Great Blue Lobelia
Plant 1-4 feet high, leaves oblong to oval, upper stalkless, no hair
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True Forget-me-not
Myosotis scorpioides
Purple Giant Hyssop
Purple Giant Hyssop
Agastache scrophulariifolia
Purple giant hyssop leaf
Purple Giant Hyssop
Leaf- stalked, coarse teeth, uppers more lancee-shaped, underside has dense fine hair
Willowherb
Willowherb
Epilobium coloratum


Purplish and rosy-purple flowers.

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Aster, New England - purple flower
Symphyotrichum novae-angliae
New England aster
Aster, New England - rose flower
Symphyotrichum novae-angliae
New England aster leaf
Aster, New England
Leaves oblong, no teeth, clasp stem strongly
New England Aster phyllaries
Aster, New England
Phyllaries - 3 to 5 series, linear, glandular hair, dark green to purple tinged.
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Climbing Nightshade
(Bittersweet Nightshade)

Solanum dulcamara
Climbing Nightshade leaf
Climbing Nightshade
Leaf - 1 large terminal lobe and 2 to 4 smaller lobes. Stalk forms a small wing.
European Bellflower
European Bellflower
(Rampion Bellflower)

Campanula rapunculoides
Dense Blazing Star
Dense Blazing Star
(Spiked Blazing Star)

Liatris spicata
Dense Blazing Star Phyllaries
Dense Blazing Star
Phyllaries - 4-5 series, unequal, ovate to obling, tips rounded, appressed, green or purple varying with variety.
Large-headed Blazing Star
Large-headed Blazing Star
(Rocky Mt. Blazing Star)

Liatris ligulistylis
Large headed Blazing Star phyllaries
Large-headed Blazing Star
Phyllaries- 4-5 series, unequal, oblong to spatulate, truncate to rounded tips, long stalk
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Northern Blazing Star
(New England Blazing Star)

Liatris scariosa . var. novae-angliae
Northern Blazing Star phyllaries
Northern Blazing Star
Phyllaries - 4-5 series, unequal, oblong to ovate, tips rounded & spreading, not recurved, green to purple.
Ontario Blazing Star plant
Ontario Blazing Star
(Cylindrical Blazing Star

Liatris cylindracea
Ontario Blazing Star phyllaries
Ontario Blazing Star
Phyllaries - 5-7 series, outer ovate to inner oblong; varying green to deep purplish
Prairie Blazing Star
Prairie Blazing Star
Liatris pycnostachya
Rough Blazing Star
Rough Blazing Star
(Rough Gayfeather)

Liatris aspera
Rough Blazing Star phyllaries
Rough Blazing Star
Phyllaries - 4-5 series - outer green & reflexed, - middle rounded tip, uneven edges.
Shaggy Blazing stgar
Shaggy Blazing Star
Liatris pilosa
Shaggy Blazing star phyllaries
Shaggy Blazing Star
Phyllaries- 4-5 series, obling, unequal, irregular shape, margins translucent, tips rounded to pointed.
Hoary Vervain
Hoary Vervain
Verbena stricta
Hoary Vervain leag
Hoary Vervain
Leaf - sharp coarse teeth, short stalk, underside with fine whitish hair.
Ironweed flower
Ironweed
(Prairie Ironweed)

Vernonia fasciculata
Ironweed plant top
Ironweed
Tall stout plant, leaves lance-like with sharp toothed edge, stalkless.
Ironweed phyllaries
Ironweed
Phyllaries - 4-5 series of 25 to 35+, green, like fish scales, inner tips purplish.
Lesser Burdock
Lesser Burdock
Arctium minus
Lesser Burdock leaf
Lesser Burdock
Leaf-egg shape, large, lower with heart-shape base, edge wavy. Flowers in tight cluster.
Pale Purple coneflower
Pale Purple Coneflower
Echinacea pallida
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Purple Coneflower
(Eastern Purple Coneflower)

Echinacea purpurea
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White Rattlesnake Root
Prenanthes alba
Rattlesnake Root
White Rattlesnake Root
Stem leaf - variable, upper with coarse teen & few lobes, lower deeply 3 to 5 lobed.
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Wild Bergamot
Monarda fistulosa


Pink and reddish pink flowers.

Grecian Foxglove
Grecian Foxglove
Digitalis lanata
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Groundnut
(Wild Bean)

Apios americana
Live Forever
Live Forever
(Witch's Moneybags)

Hylotelephium telephium
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Red Turtlehead
Chelone obliqua
Spotted Joe-Pye Weed flower
Spotted Joe-Pye Weed
Eutrochium maculatum
(Eupatorium purpureum)
Spotted Joe-Pye Weed
Spotted Joe-Pye Weed
Leaves usually in whorls of 4 to 5, lanceolate in shape, underside densely hairy.
Spotted Joepye weed stem
Spotted Joe-Pye Weed
Stem is purple or purple spotted
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Sweet Scented Joe-Pye Weed
Eutrochium purpureum
(Eupatorium purpureum)
Sweet scented joepye weed stem
Sweet Scented Joe-Pye Weed
Greenish stem, purple only at stem nodes - mesic sites.
Sweet Joe-Pye Weed leaf
Leaves in whorl of 3 or 4, coarsely toothed, similar to E. maculatum but fewer in whorl.
Wild poinsettia
Wild Poinsettia
Euphorbia cyathophora


Red, orange and brown flowers

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Cardinal Flower
Lobelia cardinalis
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Butterfly Weed
(Butterfly Milkweed)

Asclepias tuberosa
Common Cattail
Common Cattail
Typha latifolia
Narrow-leaf Cattail
Narrow-leaved Cattail
Typha angustifolia
Curly Dock
Curly Dock
Rumex crispus

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