Site Plan and Archive

Friends of the Wild Flower Garden

 

A sampling of plants of the Eloise Butler Wildflower Garden, both present and historic, and with a few outsiders added in.

 

 

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Clicking the web-link on the common name gives a page of photos and plant information in a separate window.

Plants without links to an info page will have a thumbnail photo in the thumbnail pages listed at right.

Pages for thumbnail photos only (by common name):
A - D
E - M
N - S
T - Z
Grasses
Ferns (by scientific name)

Ferns and Grasses are listed with the flowering forbs.
Trees and large shrubs are listed separately after the forbs. Go There
Invasive plants are re-listed as a group after the trees. Go There
Historical (once present) and other Minnesota plants not in the Garden are so noted.

Botanical classification: Over the last several years Botanists have reclassified many plants from previous classifications. In some cases consolidating species and varieties and in some cases reclassifying to a different genus. We use the USDA Plants Database which in early 2010 completed a major update of these botanical classifications; The Comprehensively Annotated Checklist of the Flora of Minnesota, version 2011 from the University of MN and the 2009 Garden Census. Reference books in print will not reflect these recent updates until revised editions are published. While many plants may be known by a previous botanical name and, in many cases by a variety of common names, we have updated the listings on this website to the newest nomenclature. Note: While we have tried to be as accurate as possible in the information given, there may be unintended errors. Please advise us if you suspect the information is not accurate.
Common Name Scientific Name
Aaron's Rod: See - Live Forever Hylotelephium telephium L. [old - Sedum telephium]
Agrimony (Soft Agrimony) Agrimonia pubescens Wallr.
Allegheny Blackberry Rubus allegheniensis Porter
Alum Root see American Alumroot Heuchera americana L.
Amberique Bean (Trailing Wild Bean) Strophostyles helvola (L.) Elliott
American Alumroot Heuchera americana L.
American Bellflower -see- Tall Bellflower Campanulastrum americanum (L.) Small
American Bittersweet -see- Climbing Bittersweet Celastrus scandens L.
American Feverfew: See Wild Quinine Parthenium integrifolium L.
American Germander (Wood Sage): See Canada Germander Teucrium canadense L.
American Hog Peanut Amphicarpaea bracteata (L.) Fernald.
American Lopseed Phryma leptostachya L.
American Mannagrass Glyceria grandis S. Watson
American Vetch Vicia americana Muhl. ex Willd.
Anise or Fragrant Giant Hyssop - see Blue Giant Hyssop Agastache foeniculum (Pursh) Kuntze
Anise Root Osmorhiza longistylis (Torr.) DC.

Asters - See:
Aromatic Aster
Azure Aster (Sky Blue Aster)
Bigleaf Aster (Large-leaved Aster)
Calio Aster - (Side Flowering Aster)
Common Blue Wood Aster (Heart-leaved Aster)
Flat-topped Aster
Heart-leaved Aster (Common Blue Wood Aster)
Many-flowered Aster (Heath Aster)
Ontario Aster
New England Aster
Panicled Aster (White Panicle Aster)
Redstem Aster (Purplestem Aster)
Side-flowering Aster (Calico Aster)
Sky Blue Aster (Azure Aster)
Smooth Blue Aster
Silky Aster (Western Silver Aster)
White Arrowleaf Aster
White Heath Aster (Many-flowered Aster)
White Panicle Aster
White Wood Aster

Annual Fleabane (Eastern Daisy Fleabane) Erigeron annuus (L.) Pers.
Aromatic Aster - Historical, not extant Symphyotrichum oblongifolium (Nutt.) G.L.Nesom
Arrow-leaved Tearthumb Persicaria sagittata (L.) H. Gross - former Polygonum sagittatum L.
Arrow-leaved Aster see White Arrowleaf Aster Symphyotrichum urophyllum (Lindl.) G.L. Nesom
Arrowleaf Violet Viola sagittata Aiton
Arrowgrass Triglochin palustris L.
Asparagus Asparagus officinalis L.
Autumn Onion -see- Wild Onion Allium stellatum Fraser ex Ker Gawl.

Avens - See:
- White Avens
- Yellow Avens

 
Azure Aster see Sky Blue Aster Symphyotrichum oolentangiense (Riddell) var. oolentangiense [old- Aster azureus]
Baneberry, Red (Red berry form) Actaea rubra Willd.
Baneberry, Red (White berry form) Actaea rubra Willd.
Baneberry, White Actaea pachypoda Elliot
Bastard Toadflax Comandra umbellata (L.) Nutt.

Bedstraws -see
- Cleavers (Stickywilly)
- Fragrant Bedstraw
- Northern Bedstraw
- Rough Bedstraw
- Shining Bedstraw
- Threepetal Bedstaw

 

Beggar-tick -see:
- Devil's Begga-tick
- Nodding Beggar-tick - see Nodding Bur Marigold
- Swamp Beggartick (Purplestem Beggartick)

Beggar's Lice -see Virginia Stickseed  

Bellflowers - see:
- Clustered Bellflower (Dane's Blood)
- European Bellflower (Rampion Bellflower)
- Harebell
- Marsh Bellflower
- Tall Bellflower (American Bellflower)

Biennial Gaura Gaura biennis L.
Big Bluestem Andropogon gerardii Vitman
Bigleaf Aster - ( Large-leaved Aster) Eurybia macrophylla L. Cass. [Old name = Aster macrophyllus]

Bindweeds - see
- Black Bindweed
- Field Bindweed
- Hedge Bindweed

 
Bird's Foot Coreopsis -see- Stiff Coreopsis Oligoneuron rigidum (L.) Small [old- Solidago rigida]
Birdsfoot Trefoil - not in the Garden Lotus corniculatus L.
Bishop's Cap - see Twoleaf Miterwort Mitella diphylla L.
Bittercress (Pennsylvania Bitter Cress) Cardamine pensylvanica Lam.
Bittersweet see Climbing Bittersweet Celastrus scandens L.
Bittersweet Nightshade: See Climbing Nightshade Solanum dulcamara L.
Black-eyed Susan Rudbeckia hirta L.
Black Bindweed - not in the Garden Fallopia convolvulus (L.) A.Löve
Black Bugbane Actaea racemosa L. var. racemosa (old - Cimicifuga racemosa)
Black Cohosh - see Black Bugbane Actaea racemosa L. var. racemosa (old- Cimicifuga racemosa)
Black Medic Medicago lupulina L.
Black Mustard - not in the Garden Brassica nigra (L.) W.D.J.Koch
Black Nightshade Solanum nigrum L.
Black Raspberry Rubus occidentalis L.
Blackberry Lily Belamcanda chinensis (L.) DC.

Blackberries and Raspberries -See:
- Allegheny Blackberry
- Black Raspberry
- Blackberry
- Dewberry
- Purple Flowering Raspberry
- Thimbleberry
- Wild Red Raspberry

 

Blazing Stars -see:
- Dense Blazing Star (Spiked Blazing Star, Marsh Gayfeather, Sessile-headed Blazing Star)
- Large-headed Blazing Star (Rocky Mountain Blazing Star, Northern Plains Gayfeather)
- Northern Blazing Star (New England Blazing Star, Northern Gayfeather)
- Ontario Blazing Star (Cylindrical Blazing Star, Dwarf Blazing Star, Barrelhead Gayfeather)
- Prairie Blazing Star (Prairie Gayfeather, Great Blazing Star, Cattail Gayfeather)
- Rough Blazing Star (Rough Gayfeather, Tall Blazing Star)
- Scaly Blazing Star (Loosescale Gayfeather, Colicroot)
- Shaggy Blazing Star (Grass-leaf Gayfeather)

Blisterwort -see- Hooked Crowfoot Ranunculus recurvatus Poir.
Bloodroot Sanguinaria canadensis L.
Blue Cardinal Flower -See- Great Blue Lobelia Lobelia siphilitica L.
Blue Cohosh Caulophyllum thalictroides (L.) Michx.
Blue Flag Iris Iris versicolor L.
Blue Giant Hyssop (Giant Hyssop) Agastache foeniculum (Pursh) Kuntze
Blue Oatgrass Helictotrichon sempervirens (Vill.) Pilg.
Blue Squill (Siberian Squill) Scilla siberica Haw.
Blue Vervain (Swamp Vervain) Verbena hastata L.
Blue Wild Indigo - see - False Blue Indigo Baptisia australis (L.) R. Br.
Blue-eyed Grass Sisyrinchium angustifolium Mill.
Bluejacket (Ohio Spiderwort) Tradescantia ohiensis Raf.
Blunt-leaved Sandwort Moehringia lateriflora (L.) Fenzl [old=Arenaria lateriflora]
Boneset Eupatorium perfoliatum L.
Bottle Gentian (Closed Gentian) Gentiana clausa Raf. and Gentiana andrewsii Griseb.
Bouncing Bet (Soapwort) Saponaria officinalis L.
Bracken Fern Pteridium aquilinum (L.) Kuhn var. latiusculum
Bracted Spiderwort Tradescantia bracteata Small
Bridewort: See Queen of the Meadow Filipendula ulmaria (L.) Maxim.
Bristly Buttercup: See Swamp buttercup Ranunculus hispidus Michx. var nitidus
Bristly Greenbrier (Catbrier) Smilax tamnoides L.
Broad-leaf Cattail Typha latifolia L.
Broadlleaf Arrowhead Sagittaria latifolia Willd.
Broadleaf Burweed Sparganium eurycarpum Engelm.
Broadleaf Enchanter's Nightshade -see- Enchanter's Nightshade Circaea lutetiana L. ssp. canadensis
Brown-eyed Susan (Thin-leaved Coneflower) Rudbeckia triloba L.
Bugbane see Black Bugbane Actaea racemosa L. var. racemosa (old- Cimicifuga racemosa)
Bulblet Water Hemlock - Not a Garden plant Cicuta bulbifera L.
Bull Thistle (not in Garden) Cirsium vulgare (Savi) Ten.
Bulrush - Dark Green Scirpus atrovirens Willd.
Bur Marigold (Beggar-ticks) Bidens cernua L.
Burdock
- Common (Lesser)
- Great
Listed together
- Arctium minus Bernh.
- Arctium lappa L.
Burnweed (Fireweed) Erechtites hieracifolia (L.) Raf ex DC
Butter and Eggs Linaria vulgaris Mill.
Butterfly Milkweed Asclepias tuberosa L.

Buttercups - See:
Cursed Crowfoot (Celery-leaf Buttercup)
Hooked Crowfoot (Hooked Buttercup)
Kidneyleaf Buttercup (Littleleaf Buttercup, Small-flowered Buttercup)
Swamp Buttercup (Hispid Buttercup, Rough Buttercup, Bristly Buttercup)
Tall Buttercup (Upright Meadow Crowfoot)

Calico Aster -see- Side Flowering Aster Symphyotrichum lateriflorum (L.) A. Love & D. Love [old- Aster lateriflorus]
California Nettle - see- Stinging Nettle Urtica dioica L. ssp. gracilis (Aiton) Seland.
Canada Anemone Anemone canadensis L.
Canada Bluegrass Poa Compressa L.
Canada Fleabane- see Canadian Horseweed  
Canada Germander Teucrium canadense L.
Canada Goldenrod -see - Late Goldenrod Solidago altissima L.
Canada Lily (Meadow Lily) (Wild Yellow Lily) Lilium canadense L.
Canada Moonseed Menispermum canadense L.
Canada Thistle Cirsium arvense (L.) Scop.
Canada Tick-trefoil: See Showy Tick-trefoil Desmodium canadense (L.) DC.
Canada Violet Viola canadensis L.
Canada Wild-rye Elymus canadensis L.
Canadian Clearweed Pilea pumila (L.) A.Gray
Canadian Hawkweed (Yellow Hawkweed) Hieracium canadense var. canadense Michx.
Canadian Horseweed Conyza canadensis (L.) Cronquist
Canadian Milk Vetch Astragalus canadensis L.
Canadian White Violet -see- Canada Violet Viola canadensis L.
Canadian Wild Ginger -see- Wild Ginger Asarum canadense L.
Canadian Wood Nettle -see- Wood Nettle Laportea canadensis (L.) Weddell
Cardinal Flower Lobelia cardinalis L.
Carrion Flower Smilax herbacea L.
Catbrier (Bristly Greenbrier) Smilax tamnoides L.

Catchflys - see
- Night-flowering
- Royal

 
Catnip - historical, not extant Nepeta cataria L.

Cattails - see:
- Common Cattail (Broad-leaf)
- Narrow-leaved Cattail

Typha latifolia L. and Typha angustifolia L.
Celandine Poppy -see- Wood Poppy Stylophorum diphyllum (Michx.) Nutt.
Celery-leaved Crowfoot - not in the Garden Ranunculus sceleratus L.

Cherries -see trees and shrubs at bottom of the page

Chickweeds - see:
- Long-leaved Chickweed
- Mouse-ear Chickweed
- Star Chickweed

 
Chicory Cichorium intybus L.
Christmas Fern Polystichum acrostichoides (Michx.) Schott
Cinnamon Fern Osmunda cinnamomea L.

Cinquefoils -see:
- Common Cinquefoil
- Rough Cinquefoil
- Rough-fruited Cinquefoil
- Silver Cinquefoil

 
Clammy Ground Cherry Physalis heterophylla Nees
Clearweed see - Canadian Clearweed Pilea pumila (L.) A.Gray
Cleavers (Stickywilly) Galium aparine L.
Climbing Bittersweet Celastrus scandens L.
Climbing Nightshade Solanum dulcamara L.
Closed Gentian: See Bottle Gentian Gentiana clausa Raf. and Gentiana andrewsii Griseb.

Clovers -see
- Red Clover
- White Clover
- White Sweet Clover
- Yellow Sweet Clover

 
Clustered Bellflower (Dane's Blood) Campanula glomerata L.
Columbine (Red or Wild Columbine) Aquilegia canadensis L.
Comfrey - not extant Symphytum officinale L.
Common Beggartick Bidens frondosa L.
Common Blue Violet Viola sororia Willd. (Viola papilionacea)
Common Blue Wood Aster -see: Heart-leaved Aster Symphyotrichum cordifolium (L.) G.L. Nesom
Common Burdock Arctium minus Bernh.
Common Cattail Typha latifolia L.
Common Cinquefoil Potentilla simplex Michx.
Common Dogbane -see- Spreading Dogbane Apocynum androsaemifolium L.
Common Evening Primrose Oenothera biennis L.
Common Fleabane see Philadelphia Fleabane Erigeron philadelphicus L.
Common Milkweed Asclepias syriaca L.
Common Moonseed -see- Canada Moonseed Menispermum canadense L.
Common Mullein Verbascum thapsus L.
Common Periwinkle Vinca minor L.
Common Plantain Plantago major L.
Common Ragweed Ambrosia artemisiifolia L.
Common St. Johnswort Hypericum perforatum L.
Common Strawberry Fragaria virginiana Duchesne
Common Yellow Oxalis Oxalis stricta L.
Compass Plant Silphium laciniatum L.

Coneflowers - see:
- Black-eyed Susan
- Green-headed Coneflower (Goldenglow)
- Gray-headed Coneflower
- Long-headed Coneflower (Prairie Coneflower)
- Pale Purple Coneflower
- Purple Coneflower (Eastern Purple)
- Thin-leaved Coneflower (Brown-eyed Susan)
- White Prairie Clover

Cow Parsnip
Heracleum maximum Bartram
Crabgrass (Hairy Crabgrass) Digitaria sanguinalis (L.) Scop.

Cranberry - see trees and shrubs at bottom of the page

Creeping Charlie (Ground Ivy) Glechoma hederacea L.
Creeping Jenny - see - Moneywort Lysimachia nummularia L.
Crinkleroot see Two-leaved Toothwort Cardamine diphylla (Michx) Alph. Wood
Crown Vetch - not in the Garden Coronilla varia L.
Culver's root Veronicastrum virginicum(L.) Farw.
Cup Plant Silphium perfoliatum L.
Curly Dock Rumex crispus L.
Curlycup Gumweed - Historical, not extant Grindelia squarrosa (Pursh) Dunal
Cursed Crowfoot - not in the Garden Ranunculus sceleratus L.
Cut-leaved Toothwort Cardamine concatenata (Michx.) Small
Cutgrass (Whitegrass) Leersia virginica Willd.
Cylindrical Blazing Star -see: Ontario Blazing Star Liatris cylindracea Michx.
Daisy Fleabane (Lesser Daisy Fleabane) Erigeron strigosus Muhl. ex Willd.
Dame's Rocket (Sweet Rocket) (Dame's Violet) Hesperis matronalis L.
Dane's Blood -see- Clustered Bellflower Campanula glomerata L.
Dark Green Bulrush Scirpus atrovirens Willd.
Darkthroat Shooting Star Dodecatheon pulchellum ssp. pulchellum

Day Lily - see
- Orange Day Lily
- Yellow Day Lily

 
Dense Blazing Star Liatris spicata (L.) Willd.
Devil's Beggartick Bidens frondosa L.
Devil's Darning Needles: See Virgin's Bower Clematis virginiana L.
Dewberry (Northern Dewberry) Rubus flagellaris Willd.
Dodder - Common Cuscuta gronovii Willd. ex. Schult
Dogtooth Violet -see- Yellow Trout Lily Erythronium americanum Ker Gawl.

Dogwoods - See trees and shrubs at bottom of the page

Dotted Smartweed Persicaria punctata (Elliott) Small
Downy Gentian Gentiana puberulenta J. S. Pringle
Downy Phlox (Prairie Phlox) Phlox pilosa L.
Downy Wood Mint Blephilia cilata (L.) Benth.
Downy Yellow Violet Viola pubescens Aiton
Drooping Trillium (Nodding Wakerobin) Trillium flexipes Raf.
Duckweed - see Lesser Duckweed Lemna minor L.
Dutchman's Breeches Dicentra cucullaria (L.) Bernh.
Dwarf Red Raspberry Rubus pubescens Raf.
Early Meadow Rue Thalictrum dioicum L.
Earlyleaf Brome (grass) Bromus latiglumis (Shear) Hitchc.
Eastern Bluestar (Willow Amsonia) Amsonia tabernaemontana Walt.
Eastern Bottlebrush Grass Elymus hystrix L. var. hystrix
Eastern Daisy Fleabane (Annual Fleabane) Erigeron annuus (L.) Pers.
Eastern False Rue Anemone -see- False Rue Anemone Enemion biternatum Raf. (former Isopyrum biternatum)
Eastern Purple Coneflower Echinacea purpurea (L.) Moench
Eastern Swamp Saxifrage Micranthes pensylvanica (L.) Haw. former Saxifraga pensylvanica L.
Eastern Waterleaf -see- Virginia Waterleaf Hydrophyllum virginianum L.

Elderberries -see trees and shrubs at page bottom

Elecampane - Historical, not extant Inula helenium L.
Elm-leaved Goldenrod Solidago ulmifolia Muhl. ex Willd.
Enchanter's Nightshade Circaea lutetiana ssp. canadensis (L.) Asch. & Magnus
European Bellflower (Rampion Bellflower) Campanula rapunculoides L.
Evening Primrose - Common Evening Primrose Oenothera biennis L.
Everlasting Pea - not in the Garden Lathyrus latifolius L.
False Blue Indigo Baptisia australis (L.) R. Br.
False White Indigo see White False Indigo Baptisia alba (L) Vent. var. macrophylla
False Dragonhead see -Obedient Plant Physostegia virginiana (L.) Benth.
False Rue Anemone (Eastern False Rue Anemone) Enemion biternatum Raf. (former Isopyrum biternatum)
False Solomon's-seal (Feathery False Lily of the Valley) Maianthemum racemosum (L.) Old=Smilacina racemosa
Ferns in the Garden

----Bracken Fern Pteridium aquilinum (L.) Kuhn var. latiusculum
----Brittle Bladderfern (Northern Fragiie) Cystopteris fragilis (L.) Bernhardi
----Bulblet Fern Cystopteris bulbifern (L.) Bernhardi
----Christmas Fern Polystichum acrostichoides (Michx.) Schott
----Cinnamon Fern Osmunda cinnamomea L.
----Crested Wood Fern Dryopteris cristata (L.) A.Gray
----Goldie's Fern (Giant Wood Fern) Dryopteris goldiana (Hook. ex Goldie) A.Gray
----Grape Fern Botrychium sp.
----Intermediate Wood Fern Dryopteris intermedia
----Interrupted Fern Osmunda claytoniana L.
----Lady Fern Athyrium filix-femina (L.) Roth
----Marsh Fern Thelypteris palustris Schott
----Northern Maidenhair Fern Adiantum pedatum L.
----Ostrich Fern Matteuccia struthiopteris (L.) Todaro
----Royal Fern Osmunda regalis L.
----Sensitive Fern Onoclea sensibilis L.
----Silvery False Spleenwort Deparia acrostichoides (SW.) M. Kato
----Spinulose Wood Fern (Toothed Wood Fern) Dryopteris carthusiana (Vill.) H.P.Fuchs
----Spreading Wood Fern Dryopteris expansa (C.Presl) Fraser-Jeck. & Jermy
Field Bindweed - Historical, not extant Convolvulus arvensis L.
Field Mint - see Wild Mint Mentha arvensis L. var. canadensis
Field Pennycress - not in the Garden Thlaspi arvense L.
Field Pussytoes Antennaria neglecta Greene
Field Sow Thistle - Not a Garden Plant Sonchus arvensis L.
Field Thistle Cirsium discolor (Muhl. ex Willd.) Spreng.
Fireweed (Burnweed) Erechtites hieracifolius (L.) Raf. ex DC.
Fireweed (Great Willow Herb) Epilobium angustifolium L. [some entities now assign to Chamerion angustifolium (L.) Holub]
Flat-topped Aster Doellingeria umbellata (Mill.) var. pubens [former - Aster umbellatus]

Fleabanes - see:
- Annual Fleabane - see Eastern
- Common Fleabane see- Philadelphia
- Daisy Fleabane (Lesser Daisy Fleabane) - Erigeron strigosus Muhl. ex Willd.
- Eastern Daisy Fleabane - Erigeron annuus (L.) Pers.
- Philadelphia -(Common) - Erigeron philadelphicus L
- Prairie - see Daisy Fleabane

Flowering Raspberry (Thimbleberry) Rubus parviflorus Nutt.
Flowering Spurge Euphorbia corollata L.
Foamflower (Heartleaf Foamflower) Tiarella cordifolia L.
Fool's Parsley - Not a Garden plant. Aethusa cynapium L.
Forget-me-not -see - True Forget-me-not Myosotis scorpioides L.
Four o'clock see Heart-leaved Four o'clock Mirabilis nyctaginea(Michx.) MacMill.
Fowl Mannagrass Glyceria striata (Lam.) Hitchc.
Foxglove -see- Grecian Foxglove Digitalis lanata Ehrh.
Foxglove Beardtongue (Talus Slope Penstemon) Penstemon digitalis Nutt. ex Sims
Fragrant Bedstraw (Sweet-scented Bedstraw) Galium triflorum Michx.
Fragrant Giant Hyssop - see Blue Giant Hyssop  
Fringed Black Bindweed Polygonum cilinode Michx.
Fringed Loosestrife Lysimachia ciliata L.
Fringeleaf Wild Petunia Ruellia humilis Nutt.
Fumewort (Spring Fumewort) Corydalis solida (L.) Clairv.
Galax (Beetleweed) Galax urceolata (Poir.) Brummitt
Garden Loosestrife Lysmachia vulgaris L.
Garden Phlox Phlox paniculata L.
Garlic Mustard Alliaria petiolata (M. Bieb.) Cavara & Grande
Gaura - Biennial Gaura biennis L.

Gentians - see:
Bottle (Closed) Gentian
Plain Gentian (Pale, Yellow, Cream Gentian)

Giant Goldenrod Solidago gigantea Aiton
Giant Ragweed (Not in the Garden) Ambrosia trifida L. var. trifida

Goatsbeards -see:
- Meadow Goatsbeard (Yellow Salsify)
- Yellow Goatsbeard

Glade Mallow Napaea dioica L.
Golden Alexanders (Golden Zizia) Zizia aurea (L.) W.D.J. Koch
Golden Ragwort Packera aurea (L.) A. Löve & D. Löve [old- Senecio aureus]
Goldenglow - see Green-headed Coneflower Rudbeckia lanciniata L.

Goldenrods -see:
- Canada (Tall) Goldenrod
- Elm-leaved Goldenrod
- Grass-leaved Goldenrod
- Gray Goldenrod (Old Field)
- Late Goldenrod
- Riddell's Goldenrod
- Showy Goldenrod
- Stiff Goldenrod (Hard-leaved)
- Zigzag Goldenrod

 
Goldenseal Hydrastis canadensis L.
Goldie's Fern Dryopteris goldiana (Hook. ex Goldie) A.Gray

Gooseberries -see trees and shurbs at bottom of page

Grape Woodbine Parthenocissus vitacea (Knerr) Hitchc.
Grass-leaved Goldenrod Euthamia graminifolia (L.) Nutt. [Older - Solidago graminifolia]
Grasses of the Garden A separate page for all the Garden grasses
Gray Goldenrod (Old Field Goldenrod) Solidago nemoralis Aiton.
Gray-headed Coneflower Ratibida pinnata (Vent.) Barnhart
Great Blue Lobelia Lobelia siphilitica L.
Great Burdock Arctium lappa L.
Great Indian Plantain Arnoglossum reniforme (Hook.) H. Rob.
Great Solomon's Seal (Smooth Solomon's Seal) Polygonatum biflorum (Walter) Elliott var. commutatum
Great St. Johnswort Hypericum pyramidatum Aiton
Great Willow Herb: See Fireweed Epilobium angustifolium L. [some entities now assign to Chamerion angustifolium (L.) Holub]
Greater Yellow Lady's-slipper Cypripedium parviflorum Salisb. var. pubescens (Willd.) Knight (older -Cypripedium calceolus var. pubescens)
Grecian Foxglove Digitalis lanata Ehrh.
Green-headed Coneflower (Goldenglow) Rudbeckia laciniata L.
Greek Valerian -see- Jacob's Ladder Polemonium reptans L.

Ground Cherries - see:
- Clammy Ground Cherry
- Virginia Ground Cherry

 
Groundnut (Wild Bean) Apios americana Medik.
Ground Ivy - see Creeping Charlie Glechoma hederacea L.
Grove Sandwort: See Bluntleaf Sandwort Moehringia lateriflora L. [old=Arenaria lateriflora]

Hawkweeds - see:
- Canadian Hawkweed (Yellow Hawkweed)
- Orange Hawkweed

Hairy Bead Grass (Paspalum) Paspalum setaceum Michx.
Hairy Sunflower -see- Stiff-haired Sunflower Helianthus hirsutus Raf.
Hairy Wood Mint Blephilia hirsuta (Pursh) Benth.
Hairy Woodland Brome (grass) Bromus pubescens L.
Harebell Campanula rotundifolia L.
Heal-all (Self Heal) Prunella vulgaris L.
Heartleaf Foamflower - see- Foamflower Tiarella cordifolia L.
Heart-leaved Aster (Common Blue Wood Aster) Symphyotrichum cordifolium (L.) G.L. Nesom
Heart-leaved Four-o'clock (Wild Four-o'clock) Mirabilis nyctaginea(Michx.) MacMill.
Hedge Bindweed (Wild Morning Glory) Calystegia sepium (L.) R. Br.
Helleborine (Broad-leaved Helleborine) Epipactis helleborine (L.) Crantz
Hepatica (Round-lobed and Sharp-lobed) Anemone acutiloba (DC) G.Lawson and Anemone americana (DC) H.Hara
Hermit of the Bog - See Skunk Cabbage  
Hispid Buttercup: See Swamp Buttercup Ranunculus hispidus Michx.
Hoary Alyssum - Not in the Garden Berteroa incana (L.) DC.
Hoary Wood Mint (Hairy Wood Mint) Blephilia hirsuta (Pursh) Benth.
Hoary Vervain Verbena stricta L.
Hog Peanut Amphicarpaea bracteata (L.) Fernald.
Hooked Crowfoot (Blisterwort) Ranunculus recurvatus Poir.
Horse Gentian (Late Horse Gentian) Triosteum perfoliatum L.
Horsemint - see Spotted Bee-balm Monarda punctata L. (Historical Garden Plant - not extant.
Indian Cup: See Cup Plant Silphium perfoliatum L.
Indian Grass Sorghastrum nutans (L.) Nash
Indianhemp -see- Prairie Dogbane Apocynum cannabinum L.
Indian Turnip: See Jack-in-the-pulpit Arisaema triphyllum (L.) Schott
Interrupted Fern Osmunda claytoniana L.
Ironweed (Prairie Ironweed) Vernonia fasciculata Michx.
Jack-go-to-bed-at-noon see Meadow Goatsbeard Tragopogon pratensis L. [Old - Tragopogon lamottei Rouy]
Jack-in-the-pulpit (Indian Turnip) Arisaema triphyllum (L.) Schott
Jacob's-ladder (Greek Valerian) Polemonium reptans L.
Japanese Hedge Parsley - Not a Garden plant Torilis japonica (Houtt.) DC.
Japanese Knotweed Fallopia japonica (Houtt.) Ronse Decraene var. japonica - former Polygonum cuspidatum
Jerusalem Artichoke Helianthus tuberosus L.

Jewelweeds see:
Pale Touch-me-not)
Spotted Touch-me-not (Jewelweed)

Jewelweeds:
Impatiens pallida
Nutt.
Impatiens capensis
Meerb. (I. biflora)

Joe-Pye Weeds see
-Spotted Joe-Pye Weed
-Sweet Scented Joe-Pye Weed

 
Kentucky Bluegrass Poa pratensis L.
Kidneyleaf Buttercup (Littleleaf Buttercup) Ranunculus abortivus L.
King of the Meadow -see- Tall Meadow Rue Thalictrum pubescens Pursh

Lady's-slippers - see:
- Showy Lady's-slipper
- Greater Yellow Lady's-slipper
- Lesser Yellow Lady's-slipper

 
Lady Fern Athyrium filix-femina (L.) Roth
Lanceleaf Figwort Scrophularia lanceolata Pursh.
Large-flowered Beardtongue -see: Showy Beardtongue Penstemon grandiflorus Nutt.
Large-flowered Bellwort Uvularia grandiflora Sm.
Large-flowered Trillium (White Trillium) Trillium grandiflorum (Michx) Salisb.
Large-headed Blazing Star (Rocky Mountain Blazing Star) Liatris ligulistylis (A. Nels) K. Schum.
Large-leaved Aster (Bigleaf Aster) Eurybia macrophylla L. Cass. [Old name = Aster macrophyllus]
Large-leaved False Indigo see-White False Indigo Baptisia alba (L) Vent. var. macrophylla
Late Goldenrod Solidago altissima L.
Leadplant Amorpha canescens Pursh
Leafy Spurge Euphorbia esula L.
Leopard Flower - see Blackberry Lily Belamcanda chinensis (L.) DC.
Lesser Burdock Arctium minus Bernh.
Lesser Daisy Fleabane Erigeron strigosus Muhl. ex Willd.
Lesser Duckweed Lemna minor L.
Lesser Purple Fringed Orchid historical plant (not extant) Platanthera psycodes (L.) Lindl.
Lesser Yellow Lady's-slipper historical plant (not extant) Cypripedium parviflorum Salisb. var. makasin

Lilies - see:
- Blackberry Lily (Leopard Flower)
- Canada Lily (Meadow - Wild Yellow Lily)
- Michigan Lily
- Minnesota Dwarf Trout Lily
- Orange Day Lily
- Turk's Cap Lily
- Yellow Day Lily
- Yellow Trout Lily
- White Trout Lily

Little Bluestem Schizachyrium scoparium (Michx.) Nash var. scoparium
Littleleaf Buttercup - see: Kidneyleaf Buttercup Ranunculus abortivus L.
Live Forever (Witch's Moneybags) Hylotelephium telephium (L.) H. Ohba. [old - Sedum telephium]
Long-headed Coneflower (Prairie Coneflower) Ratibida columnifera (Nutt.) Woot. & Standl.
Long-leaved Chickweed (Long-leaved Stichwort) Stellaria longifolia Muhl. ex Willd.

Loosestrifes -see:
- Fringed Loosestrife
- Garden Loosestrife
- Purple Loosestrife
- Swamp Candles (Yellow Loosestrife)
- Whorled Loosestrife

Lopseed Phryma leptostachya L.
Lupine see - Wild Lupine Lupinus perennis L.
Mad-dog Skullcap Scutellaria lateriflora L.
Maidenhair Fern see Northern Maidenhair Fern Adiantum pedatum L.
Maltese Cross Historical plant -not extant Lychnis chalcedonica L.
Many-flowered Aster -see - White Heath Aster

Symphyotrichum ericoides L. [old- Aster ericoides]

Marsh Bellflower - Historic plant, not extant Campanula aparinoides Pursh
Marsh Hedge-nettle - Historical, not extant Stachys palustris L.
Marsh Marigold (Cowslip) Caltha palustris L.
Marsh Muhly Grass Muhlenbergia racemosa (Michx.) Britton, Sterns & Poggenb.
Marsh Skullcap Scutellaria galericulata L.
May Apple Podophyllum peltatum L.
Meadow Evening Primrose -see- Prairie Sundrops Oenothera pilosella Raf.
Meadow Goatsbeard (Yellow Goatsbeard) Tragopogon pratensis L. [Old - Tragopogon lamottei Rouy]
Meadow sweet: See Queen of the Meadow Filipendula ulmaria (L.) Maxim.
Mexican Muhly (Satin Grass) Muhlenbergia mexicana (L.) Trin.
Michigan Lily Lilium michiganense L.

Milkweeds - see
- Butterfly Weed
- Common Milkweed
- Poke Milkweed
- Swamp Milkweed
- Whorled Miklweed

 
Minnesota Dwarf Trout Lily Erythronium propullans A. Gray
Miterwort see: Twoleaf Miterwort Mitella diphylla L.
Moneywort (Creeping Jenny) Lysimachia nummularia L.
Moonseed: See Common Moonseed Menispermum canadense L.
Motherwort Leonurus cardiaca L.
Mountain Laurel Kalmia latifolia L.
Mouse-ear Chickweed Cerastium fontanum emend Jalas ssp. vulgare
Muhly Grass (Marsh Muhly) Muhlenbergia racemosa (Michx.) Britton, Sterns & Poggenb.
Mullein (Common) Verbascum thapsus L.
 

Nettles - see
- Canadian Clearweed
- Stinging Nettle (California Nettle)
- Wood Nettle (Canadian Wood Nettle)

Narrow-leaved Cattail Typha angustifolia L.
Narrowleaf Blue-eyed Grass Sisyrinchium angustifolium Mill.
Narrowleaf Hawksbeard Crepis tectorum L.
New England Aster Symphyotrichum novae-angliae (L.) Nesom [old- Aster novae-angliae]
New England Blazing Star see- Northern Blazing Star Liatris scariosa (L.) Willd. var. novae-angliae Lunell
New Jersey Tea Ceanothus americanus L.
Night Flowering Catchfly - Historical, not extant Silene noctiflora L.
Nodding Bur Marigold (Nodding Beggar-tick) Bidens cernua L.
Nodding Trillium Trillium cernuum L.
Nodding Wakerobin -see- Drooping Trillium Trillium flexipes Raf.
Nodding Wild Onion Allium cernuum Roth.
Northern Bedstraw Galium boreale L.
Northern Blazing Star (New England Blazing Star) Liatris scariosa (L.) Willd. var. novae-angliae Lunell
Northern Bugleweed Lycopus uniflorus Michx.
Northern Bush Honeysuckle Diervilla lonicera Mill.
Northern Green Orchid (historical plant - not extant) Platanthera aquilonis Sheviak
Northern Maidenhair Fern Adiantum pedatum L.
Northern Water Plantain Alisma triviale Pursh
Northern Willowherb (American Willowherb) Epilobium ciliatum Raf. ssp. glandulosum (Lehm.)
Obedient Plant -(False Dragonhead) Physostegia virginiana (L.) Benth.
Ohio Spiderwort (Bluejacket) Tradescantia ohiensis Raf.
Old Field Goldenrod - see Gray Goldenrod Solidago nemoralis Aiton.
Old Man's Beard: See Virgin's Bower Clematis virginiana L.
Old Man's Whiskers -see- Prairie Smoke Geum triflorum Pursh
Ontario Aster Symphyotrichum ontarionis (Wiegand) G.L. Nesom
Ontario Blazing Star (Cylindrical Blazing Star) Liatris cylindracea Michx.
Orange Day Lily Hemerocallis fulva L.
Orange Hawkweed Hieracium aurantiacum L.
Ostrich Fern Matteuccia struthiopteris (L.) Todaro
Oxeye Daisy Leucanthemum vulgare Lam (Older - Chrysanthemum leucanthemum)
Pale Corydalis (historical Garden plant - not extant) Corydalis sempervirens (L.) Pers.
Pale Gentian - See Plain Gentian Gentiana alba Muhl. ex Nutt. (Gentiana flavida A.Gray)
Pale Indian Plantain Arnoglossum atriplicifolium (L.) H. Rob.
Pale Jewelweed -see- Pale Touch-me-not Impatiens pallida Nutt.
Pale Purple Coneflower Echinacea pallida (Nutt.) Nutt.
Pale Touch-me-not (Pale Jewelweed) Impatiens pallida Nutt.
Paleleaf Woodland Sunflower Helianthus strumosus L.
Pale Yellow Iris -see- Yellow Flag Iris Iris pseudacorus L.
Panicgrass (Scribner's Panicgrass)

Dichanthelium oligosanthes (Schult.) Gould var. scribnerianum (Nash) Gould

Panicled Aster -see White Panicle Aster Symphyotrichum lanceolatum var. lanceolatum (Willd.) Nesom
Partridge Berry Mitchella repens L.
Partridge Pea Chamaecrista fasciculata (Michx.) Greene
Paspalum (Hairy Bead Grass) Paspalum setaceum Michx.
Pasque Flower - Historical, not extant Anemone patens L. var. multifida Pritz.
Pennsylvania Sedge -see Yellow Sedge Carex pensylvanica Lam.
Pepper Grass Lepidium densiflorum Schrad.
Peppermint Mentha x piperita L. (Prosp.) [aquatica-spicata]
Pepperroot: See Cut-leaved Toothwort Cardamine concatenata (Michx.) (old- Dentaria laciniata)
Perennial Pea - see Everlasting Pea Lathyrus latifolius L.
Philadelphia Fleabane (Common fleabane) Erigeron philadelphicus L.

Phlox - see:
- Downy Phlox (Prairie Phlox)
- Garden Phlox
- Wild Blue Phlox
- Wild Sweet William

 
Plain Gentian (Yellowish Gentian) Gentiana alba Muhl. ex Nutt. (Gentiana flavida A.Gray)
Plains Wild Indigo Baptisia bracteata Muhl. ex Elliot
Pointed-leaved Tick-trefoil Desmodium glutinosum (Muhl. ex Willd.)
Poison Ivy - see - Western Poison Ivy  
Poke Milkweed Asclepias exaltata L.
Porcupine Grass Hesperostipa spartea (Trin.) Barkworth
Prairie Birdsfoot Violet Viola pedatifida G. Don
Prairie Blazing Star Liatris pycnostachya Michx.
Prairie Coneflower -see- Long-headed Coneflower Ratibida columnifera (Nutt.) Woot. & Standl.
Prairie Cordgrass Spartina pectinata Bosc. ex Link.
Prairie Dock (Prairie Rosinweed) Silphium terebinthinaceum Jacq.
Prairie Dogbane (Indian Hemp) Apocynum cannabinum L.
Prairie Fleabane Erigeron strigosus Muhl. ex Willd.
Prairie Ironweed -see Ironweed Vernonia fasciculata Michx.
Prairie Phlox - see Downy Phlox Phlox pilosa L.
Prairie Ragwort Packera plattensis (Nutt.) W.A.Weber & A.Löve
Prairie Rosinweed - see - Prairie Dock Silphium terebinthinaceum Jacq.
Prairie Sage -see- White Sagebrush Artemisia ludoviciana Nutt. subsp. ludoviciana
Prairie Shooting Star -See- Shooting Star Dodecatheon meadia L. ssp. meadia
Prairie Smoke (Old Man's Whiskers) Geum triflorum Pursh
Prairie Sundrops (Meadow Evening Primrose) Oenothera pilosella Raf.
Prairie Trillium Trillium recurvatum Beck
Prickly Lettuce Lactuca serriola L.
Pride of Ohio -see- Shooting Star Dodecatheon meadia L.

Primroses, see:
-Evening Primrose
-Prairie Sundrops (Meadow Evening Primrose)

Purple Bergamot Monarda media Willd.
Purple Coneflower see - Eastern Purple Coneflower Echinacea purpurea (L.) Moench
Purple Flowering Raspberry - historical - not extant Rubus odoratus L.
Purple Giant Hyssop Agastache scrophulariifolia (Willd.) Kuntze.
Purple Loosestrife Lythrum salicaria L.
Purple Meadow Rue -see- Tall Meadow Rue Thalictrum dasycarpum Fisch & Ave-Lall. (Older - Thalictrum polygamum)
Purple Prairie Clover Dalea purpurea Vent. (old - Petalostemon purpureum)
Purplestem Aster Symphyotrichum puniceum (L.) A. Löve & D. Löve var. puniceum
Purple Trillium Trillium erectum L.
Pussytoes - Field Antennaria neglecta Greene
Quackgrass Elymus repens (L.) Gould
Queen of the Meadow Filipendula ulmaria (L.) Maxim.
Queen of the Prairie Filipendula rubra (Hill)

Ragweeds - see
- Common Ragweed
- Giant Ragweed

 
Ragwort, Golden Packera aurea L. [old- Senecio aureus]
Ramp - see Wild Leek Allium tricoccum Sol.
Rampion Bellflower- see- European Bellflower Campanula rapunculoides L.

Raspberries and Blackberries -See:
- Allegheny Blackberry
- Black Raspberry
- Dewberry
- Dwarf Red Raspberry
- Swamp Blackberry
- Thimbleberry
- Wild Red Raspberry

 
Rattlesnake-master Eryngium yuccifolium Michx.
Rattlesnake Root see White Rattlesnake Root Prenanthes alba L.
Red Baneberry - red berry form Actaea rubra Willd.
Red Baneberry - white berry form Actaea rubra Willd.
Red Clover Trifolium pratense L.
Red Columbine -see- Wild Columbine Aquilegia canadensis L.
Red Puccoon: See Bloodroot Sanguinaria canadensis L.
Red Trillium Trillium sulcatum Patrick
Red Turtlehead Chelone obliqua L.
Red-top Grass Agrostis gigantea Roth
Redstem Aster Symphyotrichum puniceum (L.) A. Löve & D. Löve [old- Aster puniceus]
Reed Canary Grass Phalaris arundinacea L.
Rice Cutgrass Leersia oryzoides (L.) Sw.
Riddell's Goldenrod Solidago riddellii Frank ex Riddell
Riverbank Grape Vitis riparia Michx.
Rocky Mountain Blazing Star -see: Large-headed Blazing Star Liatris ligulistylis (A. Nels) K. Schum.

Roses: See- Trees and shrubs at page bottom

Rosin-weed see Wholeleaf Rosinweed Silphium integrifolium Michx.
Rough Bedstraw Galium asprellum Michx.
Rough Blazing Star Liatris aspera Michx.
Rough Buttercup -see- Swamp buttercup Ranunculus hispidus Michx.
Rough Cinquefoil - historical, not extant Potentilla norvegica L.
Rough Fruited Cinquefoil Potentilla recta L.
Round-headed Bushclover Lespedeza capitata Michx.
Round-lobed Hepatica Anemone americana (DC) H.Hara - (Hepatica nobilis Schreb. var. obtusa (Pursh) Steyerm. or Hepatica triloba)
Roundleaf Greenbriar - historical, not extant Smilax rotundifolia L.
Royal Catchfly - not in Garden Silene regia Sims
Royal Fern Osmunda regalis L.
Rue Anemone Thalictrum thalictroides (L.) Eames & B. Boivin
Running Myrtle see Common Periwinkle Vinca minor L.
Running Strawberry Bush Euonymus obovata Nutt.
St. Johnswort, Common Hypericum perforatum L.
St. Johnswort, Great Hypericum pyramidatum Aiton
Sandwort, Blunt-leaf Moehringia lateriflora L. [old- Arenaria lateriflora]
Satin Grass (Mexican Muhly) Muhlenbergia mexicana (L.) Trin.
Scaly Blazing Star - Historical plant - not extant Liatris squarrosa (L.) Michx.
Scarlet Lychnis - Historical plant - not extant Lychnis chalcedonica L.
Self-Heal see- Heal-all  
Sensitive Fern Onoclea sensibilis L.
Shaggy Blazing Star Liatris pilosa (Aiton) Willd.
Sharp-lobed Hepatica Anemone acutiloba(DC) G.Lawson -(Hepatica nobilis Schreb. var. acuta (Pursh) Steyerm. or Hepatica acutiloba)
Shining Bedstraw Galium concinnum Torr. & A. Gray
Shooting Star (Pride of Ohio) Dodecatheon meadia L.
Showy Beardtongue (Large-flowered Beardtongue) Penstemon grandiflorus Nutt.
Showy Goldenrod Solidago speciosa Nutt.
Showy Lady's-slipper Cypripedium reginae Walter
Showy Tick-trefoil (Canada Tick-trefoil) Desmodium canadense (L.) DC.
Siberian Squill - see Blue Squill Scilla siberica Haw.
Side-flowering Aster (Calico Aster) Symphyotrichum lateriflorum (L.) A. Love & D. Love [old- Aster lateriflorus]
Sideoats Grama (grass) Bouteloua curtipendula (Michx.) Torr.
Silky Aster (Western Silver Aster) Symphyotrichum sericeum (Vent.) G.L. Nesom
Silver Cinquefoil Potentilla argentea L.
Silvery False Spleenwort Deparia acrostichoides (SW.) M. Kato
Silvery Scurf Pea Pediomelum argophyllum (Pursh) J. Grimes
Sissileleaf Bellwort -see- Wild Oats Uvularia sessilifolia L.

Skullcaps -See:
- Mad-dog Skullcap
- Marsh Skullcap

 
Skunk Cabbage Symplocarpus foetidus (L.) Salisb. ex W.P.C. Barton
Sky Blue Aster Symphyotrichum oolentangiense (Riddell) G.L. Nesom var. oolentangiense [old - Aster azureus]

Smartweeds: see -
- Dotted Smartweed
- Spotted Lady's-thumb
- Water Smartweed

 
Smooth Blue Aster Symphyotrichum laeve var. laeve (L.) A. Löve & D. Löve [old- Aster laevis]
Smooth Brome (grass) Bromus inermis Leyss.
Smooth Oxeye Heliopsis helianthoides (L) Sweet var. scraba
Smooth Rockcress Boechera laevigata (Muhl. ex Willd.) Al-Shehbaz former Arabis laevigata
Smooth Solomon's Seal (Great Solomon's Seal) Polygonatum biflorum (Walter) Elliott var. commutatum
Smooth Sweet Cicely -see- Anise Root Osmorhiza longistylis (Torr.) DC.
Sneezeweed - Historical, not extant. Helenium autumnale L.
Snow Trillium Trillium nivale Riddell
Soapwort see - Bouncing Bet Saponaria officinalis L.

Sow Thistles - see
- Field Sow Thistle
- Spiny Sow Thistle

 
Spiderwort - See Ohio Spiderwort (Bluejacket) Tradescantia ohiensis Raf.
Spiderwort - (bracted Spiderwort) Tradescantia bracteata Small
Spiked Blazing Star see Dense Blazing Star Liatris spicata (L.) Willd.
Spinulose Wood Fern Dryopteris carthusiana (Vill.) H.P.Fuchs
Spiny Sow Thistle Sonchus asper (L.) Hill
Spotted Bee-balm (Horsemint) Monarda punctata L. (Historical Garden Plant - not extant.
Spotted Geranium -see- Wild Geranium Geranium maculatum L.
Spotted Joe-Pye Weed Eutrochium maculatum (L.) E.E.Lamont (former- Eupatorium maculatum)
Spotted Knapweed Centaurea biebersteinii L.
Spotted Lady's-thumb - not in the Garden Persicaria maculosa Gray
Spotted Touch-me-not (Jewelweed) Impatiens capensis Meerb. ( old - I. biflora)
Spreading Dogbane Apocynum androsaemifolium L.
Spreading Jacob's Ladder Polemonium reptans L.
Spring Beauty - see Virginia Spring Beauty Claytonia virginica L.
Star Chickweed Stellaria pubera Michx.
Starflower Trientalis borealis Raf.
Stary False Solomon's Seal Maianthemum stellatum (L.) Link
Starry Campion (Widowsfrill) Silene stellata (L.) W.T. Aiton (Historical Garden Plant - not extant.
Stickywilly -see- Cleavers Galium aparine L.
Stiff Coreopsis Coreopsis palmata Nutt.
Stiff Goldenrod Oligoneuron rigidum (L.) Small var. rigidum [old- Solidago rigida]
Stiff-haired Sunflower Helianthus hirsutus Raf.
Stiff Tickseed - see Stiff Coreopsis Coreopsis palmata Nutt.

Yellow Sunflower types - see:
- Compass Plant
- Cup Plant
- Stiff-haired Sunflower (Woodland Sunflower, Hairy Sunflower)
- Paleleaf Sunflower
- Prairie Dock (Prairie Rosinweed)
- Rosinweed
- Smooth Oxeye

Stinging Nettle Urtica dioica L.

Strawberries (wild) -See:
- Common Strawberry
- Woodland Strawberry

 
Swamp Beggartick (Purple-stem Beggartick) Bidens connata Muhl. ex Willd.
Swamp Blackberry Rubus semisetosus Blanch.
Swamp Buttercup (Bristly Buttercup) Ranunculus hispidus Michx. var nitidus
Swamp Candles (Yellow Loosestrife) Lysmachia terrestis (L.) B.S.P.
Swamp Milkweed Asclepias incarnata L.
Swamp Saxifrage - Eastern Micranthes pensylvanica (L.) Haw. former Saxifraga pensylvanica L.
Swamp Vervain (Blue Vervain) Verbena hastata L.
Sweet Betsy Trillium cuneatumRaf.
Sweet Fern Comptonia peregrina (L.) J.M. Coult
Sweet-scented Bedstraw -see Fragrant Bedstraw  
Sweet Scented Joe-Pye Weed Eutrochium purpureum (L.) E.E.Lamont -former Eupatorium purpureum L.
Sweet Rocket - see Dame's Rocket  
Sweet Viburnum: See Nannyberry Viburnum lentago L.
Switch Grass Panicum virgatum L.
Tall Bellflower (American Bellflower) Campanulastrum americanum (L.) Small
Tall Buttercup Ranunculus acris L.
Tall Meadow Rue (Purple Meadow Rue) Thalictrum dasycarpum Fisch & Ave-Lall.
Tall Thimbleweed Anemone virginiana L.
Talus Slope Penstemon -see- Foxglove Beardtongue) Penstemon digitalis Nutt. ex Sims
Tansy - Historical, not extant. Tanacetum vulgare L.
Thimbleberry (Flowering Raspberry) Rubus parviflorus Nutt.
Thimbleweed Anemone cylindrica A.Gray
Thin-leaved Coneflower Rudbeckia triloba L.
Thistles - see above -
-Bull Thistle
-Canada Thistle
-Field Thistle
-Comparison sheet - all Minnesota Thistles

 

Threepetal Bedstraw Galium trifidum L.

Tick Trefoils - see:
- Canada Tick-trefoil (Showy Tick-trefoil)
- Pointed-leaved Tick-trefoil

Timothy Phleum pratense L.
Toadflax, Bastard Comandra umbellata (L.) Nutt.
Toadshade (Sessile Trillium) Trillium sessile L.

Trilliums - see:
- Drooping Trillium (Nodding Wakerobin or Declining Trillium)
- Large-flowered Trillium (White Trillium)
- Prairie Trillium
- Purple Trillium
- Red Trillium
- Snow Trillium
- Sweet Betsy
- Toadshade (Sessile Trillium)
- Yellow Trillium (Yellow Wakerobin)

Toothworts -see:
- Cut-leaved Toothwort
- Two-leaved Toothwort

 

Touch-me-nots -see:
- Pale Touch-me-not (a Jewelweed)
- Spotted Touch-me-not (a Jewelweed)

Trailing Wild Bean (Amberique Bean) Strophostyles helvola (L.) Elliott

Trees and Large Shrubs - see bottom of page

Tufted Loosestrife Lysimachia thyrsiflora L.
True Forget-me-not Myosotis scorpioides L.
Turk's-cap Lily & Michigan Lily Lilium superbum L. and Lilium michiganense L.
Turtlehead (White Turtlehead) Chelone glabra L.
Twinleaf Jeffersonia diphylla (L.) Pers.
Two-leaved toothwort Cardamine diphylla (Michx) Alph. Wood [former - Dentaria diphylla]
Twoleaf Miterwort (Bishop's Cap) Mitella diphylla L.
Upright Prairie Coneflower -see- Long-headed Coneflower Ratibida columnifera (Nutt.) Woot. & Standl.
Veiny Pea (Veiny Vetchling) Lathyrus venosus Muhl. ex Willd.

Vervains - see:
- Hoary Vervain
- Swamp (Blue) Vervain
- White Vervain

 

Violets - see:
- Arrowleaf Violet
- Canada Violet
- Common Blue Violet, (Wooly Blue Violet)
- Downy Yellow Violet
- Prairie Birdsfoot Violet

Virgin's Bower Clematis virginiana L.
Virginia Bluebells Mertensia virginica (L.) Pers. ex Link
Virginia Creeper Parthenocissus quinquefolia (L.) Planch.
Virginia Ground Cherry - Historical - not extant Physalis virginiana Mill.
Virginia Mountain Mint Pycnanthemum virginianum (L.) T. Dur. & B.D.Jackson ex B.L. Robins & Fernald.
Virginia Spring Beauty - Historical, not extant Claytonia virginica L.
Virginia Stickseed (Beggar's Lice) Hackelia virginiana (L.) I. M. Johnst.
Virginia Strawberry -see- Common Strawberry Fragaria virginiana Duchesne
Virginia Waterleaf (Eastern Waterleaf) Hydrophyllum virginianum L.
Water Arum -see- Wild Calla Calla palustris L.
Water Chickweed -see - Long-leaved Chickweed Stellaria longifolia Muhl. ex Willd.
Water Hemlock - Historical, not extant Cicuta maculata L.
Water Horehound Lycopus americanus Muhl. ex W.P.C. Barton
Water Horsetail Equisetum fluviatile L.
Water Smartweed - not in the Garden Persicaria amphibia (L.) Gray
Western Mugwort -see- White Sagebrush Artemisia ludoviciana Nutt.
Western Panicgrass Dichanthelium acuminatum (Sw.) Gould & C.A. Clark var. fasciculatum (Torr.) Freckmann
Western Poison Ivy (not in the Garden) Toxicodendron rydbergii (Small ex Rydb.) Greene
Western Silver Aster (Silky Aster) Symphyotrichum sericeum (Vent.) G.L. Nesom
White Arrowleaf Aster (Arrow-leaved Aster) Symphyotrichum urophyllum (Lindl.) G.L. Nesom
White Avens Geum canadense Jacq.
White Baneberry Actaea pachypoda Elliot
White Campion - Historical, not extant Silene latifolia Poir.
White Clover Trifolium repens L.
White False Indigo Baptisia alba (L) Vent. var. macrophylla [older - B. lactea (Raf.) Thieret var lactea
White Fawn Lily -see- White Trout lily Erythronium albidum Nutt.
White Heath Aster (Many-flowered Aster) Symphyotrichum ericoides (L.) G. L. Nesom [old- Aster ericoides]
White Panicle Aster Symphyotrichum lanceolatum var. lanceolatum (Willd.) Nesom
White Prairie Clover Dalea candida Michx. ex Willd [old Petalostemon purpureum]
White Rattlesnake Root Prenanthes alba L.
White Sagebrush (Prairie Sage) Artemisia ludoviciana Nutt. subsp. ludoviciana
White Snakeroot Ageratina altissima L. [old- Eupatorium rugosum]
White Sweet Clover Melilotus alba Medikus
White Trillium -see- Large Flowered Trillium Trillium grandiflorum (Michx) Salisb.
White Trout-lily (White Fawn Lily) Erythronium albidum Nutt.
White Turtlehead - see Turtlehead  
White Vervain Verbena urticifolia L.
White Wood Aster Eurybia divaricata (L.) G. L. Nesom
Wholeleaf Rosinweed (Rosinweed) Silphium integrifolium Michx.
Whorled Loosestrife Lysimachia quadrifolia L.
Whorled Milkweed Asclepias verticillata L.
Widowsfrill - see Starry Campion Silene stellata (L.) W.T. Aiton
Wild Anise - see Blue Giant Hyssop Agastache foeniculum (Pursh) Kuntze
Wild Bean -see- Groundnut Apios americana Medik.
Wild Bergamont Monarda fistulosa L.
Wild Blue Indigo - see False Blue Indigo Baptisia australis (L.) R. Br.
Wild Blue Phlox Phlox divaricata L.
Wild Calla (Water Arum) Calla palustris L.
Wild Columbine (Red Columbine) Aquilegia canadensis L.
Wild Cucumber (not extant) Echinocystis lobata (Michx.) Torr. & A. Gray
Wild Four-o clock: See Heart-leaved Four O'clock Mirabilis nyctaginea(Michx.) MacMill.
Wild Garlic Allium canadense L.
Wild Geranium (Spotted Geranium) Geranium maculatum L.
Wild Ginger (Canadian Wild Ginger) Asarum canadense L.
Wild Grape -see- Riverbank Grape Vitis riparia Michx.
Wild Leek (Ramp) Allium tricoccum Sol.
Wild Lettuce Lactuca canadensis L.
Wild Lupine Lupinus perennis L.
Wild Mint (Field Mint) Mentha arvensis L. var. canadensis
Wild Morning Glory: See Hedge Bindweed) Calystegia sepium (L.) R. Br. (old - Convolvulus sepium)
Wild Oats (Sissileleaf Bellwort) Uvularia sessilifolia L.
Wild Onion (Autumn Onion) Allium stellatum Fraser ex Ker Gawl.
Wild Pea - see Veiny Pea Lathyrus venosus Muhl. ex Willd.
Wild Poinsettia Euphorbia cyathophora Murray
Wild Quinine (American Feverfew) Parthenium integrifolium L.
Wild Red Raspberry Rubus idaeus L. var. strigosus (Michx.) Focke
Wild Rye Elymus sp.
Wild Sarsaparilla Aralia nudicaulis L.
Wild Sweet William - Historical, not extant Phlox maculata L.
Wild White Indigo - see White False Indigo Baptisia alba (L) Vent. var. macrophylla
Wild Yamroot Dioscorea villosa L.
Willow Amsonia -see Eastern Bluestar Amsonia tabernaemontana Walt.
Willowherb Epilobium coloratum Biehler
Winter Cress - Not in the Garden Barbarea vulgaris R.Br.
Wintergreen (Eastern Teaberry) Gaultheria procumbens L.
Witch's Moneybags - see- Live Forever Hylotelephium telephium (L.) H. Ohba. [old- Sedum telephium]
Wood Anemone Anemone quinquefolia L.
Wood Lily Lilium philadelphicum L.
Wood Nettle (Canadian Wood Nettle) Laportea canadensis (L.) Weddell
Wood Poppy (Celandine Poppy) Stylophorum diphyllum (Michx.) Nutt.
Wood Sage - see Canada Germander Teucrium canadense L.
Woodbine (Grape Woodbine) Parthenocissus vitacea (Knerr) Hitchc.
Woodland Strawberry Fragaria vesca L.
Yarrow Achillea millefolium L.
Yellow Avens Geum aleppicum Jacq.
Yellow Day Lily Hemerocallis lilioasphodelus L. (Old H. flava)
Yellow Flag Iris (Pale Yellow Iris) Iris pseudacorus L.
Yellow Foxtail (grass) Setaria pumila (Poir.) Roem. & Schult. ssp. pumila
Yellow Goatsbeard - see Meadow Goatsbeard Tragopogon pratensis L. [Old - Tragopogon lamottei Rouy]
Yellow Hawkweed see Canadian Hawkweed Hieracium canadense var. canadense Michx.
Yellow Lady's-slipper (Greater) Cypripedium parviflorum Salisb. var. pubescens (Willd.) Knight (older -Cypripedium calceolus var. pubescens)
Yellow Marsh Marigold -see- Marsh Marigold Caltha palustris L.
Yellow Ox-eye - see Smooth Oxeye Heliopsis helianthoides (L) Sweet var. scraba
Yellow Oxalis, Yellow Wood Sorrel -see Common Yellow Oxalis Oxalis stricta L.
Yellow Rocket - not in the Garden Barbarea vulgaris R.Br.
Yellow Salsify Tragopogon dubius Scop.
Yellow Sedge (Pennsylvania Sedge) Carex pensylvanica Lam.
Yellow Sweet Clover Meliotus officinalis (L.) Lam.
Yellow Trillium (Yellow wakerobin) Trillium luteum (Muhl.) Harbison
Yellow Trout-lily (Dogtooth Violet) Erythronium americanum Ker Gawl.
Yellow Violet -see- Downey Yellow Violet Viola pubescens Aiton
Yellow Wakerobin -see- Yellow Trillium Trillium luteum (Muhl.) Harbison
Yellow Wood Sorrel Oxalis stricta L.
Yellow Wood Sorrel Oxalis dilenii Jacq.
Zigzag Goldenrod Solidago flexicaulis L.
 
Trees and Large Shrubs
Alder - Speckled Alnus incana (L.) Moench subsp. rugosa
American Basswood Tilia americana L.
American Bladdernut Staphylea trifolia L.
American Cranberrybush Viburnum opulus L. var. americanum Aiton.
American Hazelnut Corylus americana Walter
American Horsechestnut - see Ohio Buckeye  
American Plum -see- Wild Plum Prunus americana Marsh.
Arrowwood -see - Southern Arrowwood Viburnum dentatum L.
Ashes  

----Black Ash

Fraxinus nigra Marshall
----Green Ash Fraxinus pennsylvanica Marshall
----White Ash Fraxinus americana L.
Aspens  
----Bigtooth Aspen Populus grandidentata Michx.
----Quaking Aspen Populus tremuloides Michx.
Balm of Gilead (Balsam Popular) Populus balsamifera L. subsp. balsamifera
Beaked Hazelnut - Historical, not extant Corylus cornuta Marshall subsp. cornuta
Birches  
----Paper Birch (White Birch) Betula papyrifera Marshall
----River Birch Betula nigra L.
----Yellow Birch Betula alleghaniensis Britton
Black Alder See - Winterberry Ilex verticillata (L.) A. Gray
Black Locust Robinia pseudoacacia L.
Black Walnut Juglans nigra L.
Bladdernut see American Bladdernut Staphylea trifolia L.
Blue Beech (Musclewood) Carpinus caroliniana Walter ssp. virginiana
Box Elder Acer negundo L.
Buckthorn - Common Rhamnus cathartica L.
Buckthorn - Glossy

Frangula alnus Mill. [Rhamnus frangula L.]

Butternut Juglans cinerea L.
Buttonbush Cephalanthus occidentalis L.
Brambles  
----Allegheny Blackberry Rubus allegheniensis Porter
----Black Raspberry Rubus occidentalis L.
----Dewberry (Northern Dewberry) Rubus flagellaris Willd.
----Purple Flowering Raspberry - historical - not extant Rubus odoratus L.
----Thimbleberry (Flowering Raspberry) Rubus parviflorus Nutt.
----Wild Red Raspberry Rubus idaeus L. var. strigosus (Michx.) Focke
Cedars  
----Eastern Red Cedar Juniperus virginiana L.
----Northern White Cedar Thuja occidentalis L.

Cherries

 
----Black Cherry Prunus serotina Ehrh.
----Chokecherry Prunus virginiana L.
----Pin Cherry Prunus pensylvanica L.f.
Chokeberry  
----Black Chokeberry Photinia melanocarpa (Michx.) K.R. Robertson & Phipps, alternatively- Aronia melanocarpa (Michx.) Elliott
----Red Chokeberry (not extant) Photinia pyrifolia Lam. - alternatively - Aronia arbutifolia (L.) Pers.
Common Buttonbush Cephalanthus occidentalis L.
Common Ninebark - see- Ninebark Physocarpus opulifolius (L.) Maxim.
Coralberry Symphoricarpos orbiculatus Moench
Cottonwood (Plains Cottonwood) Populus deltoides Bartram ex Marshall

Cranberry

----American Cranberrybush (Highbush Cranberry) Viburnum opulus L. var. americanum Aiton. [Old = Viburnum trilobum]
----European Cranberrybush Viburnum opulus L. var. opulus
Currants  
----American Black Currant (Wild Black Currant) Ribes americanum Mill.
----Garden Currant Ribes rubrum L.

Dogwoods

----Gray Dogwood Cornus racemosa Lam.
----Pale Dogwood (Silky Dogwood) Cornus obliqua Raf.
----Pagoda Dogwood (Alternate-leaf Dogwood) Cornus alternifolia L. f.
----Red Osier Dogwood Cornus sericea L.
Eastern Hophornbeam - see Hophornbeam Ostrya virginiana (Mill.) Koch
Eastern Leatherwood Dirca palustris L.
Eastern Wahoo Euonymus atropurpurea Jacq. var. atropurpurea

Elderberries

 
----Canada Elderberry (American Black Elderberry) Sambucus nigra L. ssp. canadensis (L.) R. Bolli
----Red Elderberry (Elderberry) (Common Elderberry) Sambucus racemosa L.
Elms  
----American Elm Ulmus americana L.
----Red Elm (Slippery Elm) - coming Ulmus rubra L.
Fireberry Hawthorn (Red Hawthorn) Crataegus chrysocarpa Ashe
Flame Azalea Rhododendron calendulaceum (Michx.) Torr.
Fringe Tree Chionanthus virginicus L.
Gooseberries  
----Eastern Prickly Gooseberry Ribes cynosbati L.
----Missouri Gooseberry Ribes missouriense Nutt.
Hackberry Celtis occidentalis L.
Hawthorn Crataegus chrysocarpa Ashe
Hazelnut - see American Hazelnut  
Hemlock - Eastern Tsuga canadensis (L.) Carrière
Hickories  
Bitternut Hickory Carya cordiformis (Wangenh.) K.Koch
Shagbark Hickory Carya ovata (Mill.) K.Koch
Highbush Cranberry (American Cranberrybush) Viburnum opulus L. var. americanum Aiton. [Old = Viburnum trilobum]
Honeysuckles  
----Climbing Honeysuckle (Limber Honeysuckle) Lonicera dioica L.
----Northern Bush Honeysuckle Diervilla lonicera Mill.
----Tatarian Honeysuckle Lonicera tatarica L.
Hoptree Ptelea trifoliata L.
Hophornbeam (Ironwood) Ostrya virginiana (Mill.) Koch
Ironwood See Hophornbeam Ostrya virginiana (Mill.) Koch
Kentucky Coffeetree Gymnocladus dioicus (L.) K. Koch
Larch See: Tamarack Larix laricina (Du Roi) K. Koch
Leatherwood: See Eastern Leatherwood Dirca palustris L.
Locust  
----Black Locust Robinia pseudoacacia L.
Maples  
----Black Maple - coming  
----Box Elder Acer negundo L.
----Mountain Maple Acer spicatum Lam.
----Norway Maple Acer platanoides L.
----Red Maple Acer rubrum L.
----Silver Maple Acer saccharinum L.
----Striped Maple Acer pensylvanicum L.
----Sugar Maple Acer saccharum Marshall
Mock Orange Philadelphus sp.
Mountain Ash - showy Sorbus decora (Sarg.) C.K.Schneid.
Musclewood (Blue Beech) Carpinus caroliniana Walter ssp. virginiana
Nannyberry Viburnum lentago L.
Ninebark Physocarpus opulifolius (L.) Maxim.
Oaks  
----Black Oak Quercus velutina Lam.
----Bur Oak Quercus macrocarpa Michx.
----Northern Pin Oak Quercus ellipsoidalis E. J. Hill
----Northern Red Oak Quercus rubra L.
----Pin Oak Quercus palustris Münchh.
----Scarlet Oak Quercus coccinea Münchh.
----Swamp White Oak Quercus bicolor Willd.
----White Oak Quercus alba L.
----Oak Leaf Comparison Sheet  
Ohio Buckeye (American Horsechestnut) Aesculus glabra Willd.
Pines  
----Eastern White Pine Pinus strobus L.
----Red Pine (Norway Pine) Pinus resinosa Aiton.
Pinkshell Azalea Rhododendron vaseyi A. Gray
Prairie Willow Salix humilis Marshall
Prickly-ash Zanthoxylum americanum Mill.
Pussy Willow Salix discolor Muhl.
Red Juniper: See cedars - Eastern Red Cedar Juniperus virginiana L.
Roses  
----Carolina Rose (Pasture Rose) Rosa carolina L.
----Climbing Rose (Illinois Rose) Rosa setigera Michx.
----Prairie Rose (Arkansas Rose) Rosa arkansana Porter
----Prickly Rose Rosa acicularlis Lindl.
----Smooth Rose Rosa blanda Aiton
----Woods' Rose Rosa woodsii Lindl.
----Wild Roses Comparison Sheet All 6 roses in the Garden
Serviceberry
 
----Allegheny Serviceberry Amelanchier laevis Wiegand
----Downy Serviceberry (Downy Juneberry) Amelanchier arborea (F. Michx.) Fernald
----Running Serviceberry (Creeping Juneberry) Amelanchier spicata (Lam.) K.Koch
----Saskatoon Serviceberry Amelanchier alnifolia (Nutt.) Nutt. ex Roemer
----Shadblow Serviceberry Amelanchier canadensis (L.) Medik.
Showy Mountain Ash Sorbus decora (Sarg.) C.K.Schneid.
Speckled Alder Alnus incana (L.) Moench subsp. rugosa
Spruces  
----Black Spruce Picea mariana (Miller) B.S.P.
----Norway Spruce Picea abies (L.) Karst.
----White Spruce Picea glauca (Moench) Voss
Sumacs  
----Fragrant Sumac Rhus aromatica Aiton
----Smooth Sumac Rhus glabra L.
----Staghorn Sumac Rhus hirta (L.) Sudworth [Rhus typhina L. ]
Snowberry Symphoricarpos albus (L.) Blake
Southern Arrowwood Viburnum dentatum L.
Tamarack (Larch) Larix laricina (Du Roi) K. Koch
Wahoo - see Eastern Wahoo  
Wild Plum Prunus americana Marsh.
Willows  
----Black Willow Salix nigra Marshall
----Prairie Willow Salix humilis Marshall
----Pussy Willow Salix discolor Muhl.
Winterberry Ilex verticillata (L.) A. Gray
Witch Hazel Hamamelis virginiana L.
Wolfberry Symphoricarpos occidentalis Hook.
Yellowwood Cladrastis kentukea (Dum. Cours.) Rudd
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Common Invasive Non-native Plants
Plants listed here are from the Minnesota invasive non-native terrestrial plant list of the MN DNR with a few additions from the Federal Prohibited and Noxious Plants List and some common plants that are not listed but are invasive. Those in the Garden are kept under control.
Birdsfoot Trefoil (not in Garden) Lotus corniculatus L.
Black Bindweed (not in Garden) Fallopia convolvulus (L.) A.Löve
Black Locust Robinia pseudoacacia L.
Black Mustard (not in Garden) Brassica nigra (L.) W.D.J.Koch
Buckthorn - Common Rhamnus cathartica L.
Buckthorn - Glossy Frangula alnus Mill. [Rhamnus frangula L.]
Bull Thistle (not in Garden) Cirsium vulgare (Savi) Ten.
Burnweed Erechtites hieracifolia (L.) Raf ex DC
Butter and Eggs Linaria vulgaris Mill.
Canada Thistle Cirsium arvense (L.) Scop.
Canadian Horseweed Conyza canadensis (L.) Cronquist
Chicory Cichorium intybus L.
Creeping Charlie (Ground Ivy) Glechoma hederacea L.
Crown Vetch (not in Garden) Coronilla varia L.
Dodder - Common Cuscuta gronovii Willd. ex. Schult
European Bellflower Campanula rapunculoides L.
Everlasting Pea (not in Garden) Lathyrus latifolius L.
Field Pennycress (not in Garden) Thlaspi arvense L.
Field Sow Thistle (not in Garden) Sonchus arvensis L.
Garlic Mustard Alliaria petiolata (M. Bieb.) Cavara & Grande
Grecian Foxglove Digitalis lanata Ehrh.
Helleborine Epipactis helleborine (L.) Crantz
Hoary Alyssum (not in Garden) Berteroa incana (L.) DC.
Japanese Hedge Parsley (not in Garden) Torilis japonica (Houtt.) DC.
Japanese Knotweed Fallopia japonica (Houtt.) Ronse Decraene var. japonica
Leafy Spurge Euphorbia esula L.
Norway Maple Acer platanoides L.
Orange Hawkweed Hieracium aurantiacum L.
Oxeye Daisy Leucanthemum vulgare Lam
Purple Loosestrife Lythrum salicaria L.
Smooth Brome (grass) Bromus inermis Leyss.
Spotted Knapweed Centaurea biebersteinii L.
Tansy (not in Garden) Tanacetum vulgare L.
Virginia Ground Cherry - (not in Garden) Physalis virginiana Mill.
White Sweet Clover Melilotus alba Medikus
Yellow Flag Iris (Pale Yellow Iris) Iris pseudacorus L.
Yellow Rocket - (not in Garden) Barbarea vulgaris R.Br.
Yellow Sweet Clover Meliotus officinalis (L.) Lam.
 
For References used on the plant pages see:
Reference List
The complete Vascular Plant Census -2009, created by the Minneapolis Park & Recreation Board. Download as a pdf file (2.4 mb)
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Friends of the Wild Flower Garden, Inc. ©2007, 2013. All photos are the property of The Friends unless otherwise noted. "www.friendsofthewildflowergarden.org"